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MARYLAND DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT 



ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 



The 1975 edition of the Maryland Statistical Abstract was prepared 
by the Division of Research of the Department, PADRAIC P. FRUCHT, Director 
of Research. NEIL M. SHPRITZ, Chief of Business Research, was responsible 
for general supervision and compilation, ably assisted by IRENE TASHLICK. 
LOUIS HACKERMAN AND BRIAN STEVENS, summer student interns, who worked long 
and hard hours on this project, provided valuable service in collecting and 
organizing data. PATRICIA FRAZIER had primary responsibility for clerical 
operations. 

We thank the many contributors to this volume. Notes below each table 
credit its sources. Where indicated, contributors have requested copyright 
protection. Permission to use copyright material must be obtained directly 
from each source so cited. 






^'*u '^Department of 

staleq ^i,ki Economic & 



jE * Community 
; $P development 

Mfice of the Secretary 

525 Riva Road, Annapolis, Maryland 21401 • 301 — 267-5176 



Marvin Mandel 

Governor 

Joseph G. Anastasi 
Secretary 



December 29, 1975 



The Honorable Marvin Mandel 
Governor of Maryland 
State House 
Annapolis, Maryland 21404 

Dear Governor Mandel: 

I am pleased to transmit to you the "1975 Maryland Statistical 
Abstract", which was prepared and published by the Department as part of 
its continuing effort to maintain, on as current a basis as feasible, a 
data base on which sound decisions affecting the welfare of our citizens 
can be made by government and private enterprise. 

We update this publication every two years, thus providing a 
statistical record of the composition, changes and trends in population, 
incomes and employment in business and industry, governmental receipts 
and expenditures, agriculture, natural resources, and many other aspects 
of life in Maryland. Hopefully, State and local government agencies, 
individuals, and business firms will find the data useful to them. 

We believe this edition to be the most complete compendium of 
State data yet produced in Maryland. In updating and expanding the coverage 
of the last Statistical Abstract, we have included valuable data from the 
Economic and Social Atlas of Maryland and the Supplement thereto. Also, in 
the Appendix to this volume, we have reproduced a number of historical time 
series, by month, of significant economic indicators. 

Great care has been taken to insure the usefulness and accuracy 
of this publication. As with previous editions, this report has benefited 
from suggestions and comments from interested users. We anticipate a con- 
tinuation of such support in the future. 



Sincerely, 




TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Page 
POLITICAL SUBDIVISION MAP OF MARYLAND 1 

Table No. 

1 Geographical Regions of Maryland Grouped by Political 
Subdivisions 2 

POPULATION AND VITAL STATISTICS 3 

2 Population, State of Maryland and Political Subdivisions, 

Rank by 1975: 1975 and 1970 5 

3 Population of the 50 States and the District of Columbia 

Rank by Per Cent of Change: 1974 and 1970 6 

4 Population, State of Maryland and Political Subdivisions, 

Rank by Per Cent of Change: 1975 and 1970 8 

5 Population Density in the United States, By State: 1973 . . 9 

6 Population Density of Maryland Subdivisions, Ranked 

by Density: July, 1975 10 

7 Population Changes in the United States, By State and 

Per Cent Terms From 1970-1973 11 

8 Maryland Population Growth: 1870-1975 12 

9 Components of Population Change Due to Migration and 

Natural Increase by Political Subdivision: 1960-1970 13 

10 Migration to and from Maryland: 1965-1970 

By State 14 

11 Population, State of Maryland, By Race and Political Sub- 
division: July 1972 and April 1, 1960 16 

12 Estimated Maryland Population by Race and Age Group 17 

13 Comparative Population Estimates and Vital Statistics Data, 

By Race for Maryland Regions: 1972 18 

14 Estimated White Population, By Age Group and Political 
Subdivision: July 1, 1972 19 



Table No. Page 

15 Estimated Maryland Nonwhite Population, By Age Group and 
Political Subdivision: July 1, 1972 20 

16 Marriage by Resident Status and Type of Ceremony, By 

Political Subdivision of Occurrence: 1972 21 

17 Birth and Birth Rates by Race for Maryland and Political 
Subdivisions: 1972 22 

18 Absolute Divorces and Annulments by Legal Grounds for 

Decree and Political Subdivisions of Occurrence: 1972 .... 23 

19 Selected Mortality Data by Race, Maryland and the United 

States: 1969-1972 24 

20 Deaths for Twenty Leading Causes, By Sex and Race, 

Maryland: 1972 25 

21 Deaths and Death Rates by Race for Maryland and Political 
Subdivisions: 1972 26 

EDUCATION 27 

22 Number of Public Schools in Maryland, By Political Sub- 
division: September 30, 1974 28 

23 Enrollment in Public and Nonpublic Schools, Maryland: 

1974, 1972 and 1967 29 

24 Number of Pupils Attending Public Schools in Maryland, 

By Political Subdivision: 1974, 1972, 1967 30 

25 Average Number of Pupils Belonging per Teacher and 
Principal, Maryland Public Schools, By Political Sub- 
division: 1974-1975 School Year 31 

26 Elementary and High School Teachers and Principals in 

Maryland Public Schools, By Political Subdivision: Fall 1974 . 32 

27 Cost per Pupil Belonging, Current Expenses, Maryland Public 
Day Schools, By Political Subdivision: 1973-1974 

School Year 33 

28 Average Salary per Teacher and Principal, Maryland Public 
Schools, By Political Subdivision: 1973-1974 School Year . . 34 

29 Holding Power of Public High Schools in Maryland, By 

Political Subdivision: 1974 35 

30 Public High School Graduates in Maryland and Per Cent 
Continuing Education, By Political Subdivision: 1974, 1969, 

1965, 1960 36 



n 



Table No. Page 

31 Source of Current Funds and Disbursements, Maryland 

Public Schools: School Year 1973-1974 37 

32 Capital Expenditures, Maryland Public Schools, By 

Political Subdivision: 1973-1974 School Year 38 

33 Enrollment in State Accredited Two Year Colleges: 

October 1974 39 

34 Enrollment in State Accredited Four Year Colleges and 
Universities: October 1974 40 

35 Four Year State Accredited Colleges and Universities 

in Maryland: 1975 42 

HEALTH SERVICES 44 

36 Distribution of Physicians, and Number of Beds in Hospitals 

in Maryland, By Political Subdivision 45 

37 Patient Population, State Hospitals for the Mentally 111: 

Fiscal Years 1974, 1973, 1971, 1969, 1967, 1963 46 

CLIMATE OF MARYLAND 47 

38 Location of Maryland Weather Stations for Which Clima- 
tological Data are Presented 49 

39 Spring and Fall Freeze Data Based on Thirty Year Period, 
1931-1960, and Average Length of Freeze-Free Periods 51 

40 Average Temperature, Precipitation and Snowfall at Selected 
Locations Within the State of Maryland: 1931-1960 

Unless Otherwise Noted 53 

41 Cloud Cover Conditions in Maryland, By Region: Normal 

Annual Period and 1972, 1973, 1974, January - August 1975 . . 64 

NATURAL RESOURCES 66 

42 Commercial Forest Land Area by Stand-Size Class in Maryland 
and Neighboring States and the Continental United States: 

1970 67 

43 Forest Land Area in Maryland and Neighboring States and the 
Continental United States: 1970 67 

44 Commercial Forest Land Ownership by Type of Owner in 
Maryland and Neighboring States and the Continental United 
States: 1970 68 



in 



Table No. Page 

45 Net Volume of Growing Stock and Sawtimber on Commercial 
Forest Land by Ownership and Net Annual Growth in Maryland 
and Neighboring States and the Continental United 

States: 1970 69 

46 Net Volume of Live Sawtimber in Sawtimber Stands on 
Commercial Forest Land in Maryland and Neighboring States 

and the Continental United States: 1970 , . 70 

47 Net Volume of Sawtimber on Commercial Timberland in Maryland, 

By Species as of January 1, 1970 71 

48 Annual Cut and Net Annual Growth of Growing Stock on 

Commercial Forest Land, Maryland, By Species Group: 1970 . . 72 

49 Annual Cut and Net Annual Growth of Live Sawtimber on 
Commercial Forest Land, Maryland, By Species Group: 1970 . . 72 

50 Estimated Commercial Timber Cut: 1972 73 

51 Number of Forest Fires and Area Burned in Maryland, By 
Political Subdivision: Years 1974 and 1967 74 

52 Forest Fires in Maryland by Cause, By Political Subdivision: 
Fiscal Year 1974 75 

53 Number of Commercial Fishermen and Gear in Maryland: 

1972, 1970, 1960, and 1950 76 

54 Fish Catch in Maryland, By Quantity: 1973, 1972 and 1971 . . 77 

55 Fish Catch in Maryland, By Value: 1973 and 1972 79 

56 Seafood Processed Products, Maryland: 1974, 1973, and 1970 . 81 

57 Hunting and Fishing License Sales, Maryland: Fiscal Years 
1970-1974 82 

58 Mineral Production in Maryland: 1970-1973 83 

59 Value of Mineral Production in Maryland, By Political 
Subdivision: 1973, 1972 and 1970 84 

LABOR FORCE, EMPLOYMENT, AND UNEMPLOYMENT 85 

60 Civilian Labor Force, Total Employment and Unemployment in 
Maryland By Region and Political Subdivision: 1974 

By Place of Residence 86 

61 Nonagricultural Wage and Salary Annual Average Employment 

in Maryland: 1974, 1973, and 1972 By Place of Work 87 

62 Nonagricultural Wage and Salary Annual Average Employment 
Baltimore SMSA: 1974, 1973, and 1972 By Place of Work .... 88 

iv 



Table No. Page 

63 Percentage Distribution of Nonagricultural Wage and 
Salary Employment in Maryland: 1974, 1973, and 1972 

By Place of Work 89 

64 Nonagricultural, Non-Manufacturing Wage and Salary Annual 
Average Employment in Maryland: 1974 and 1972 

By Place of Work 90 

65 Percentage Distribution in Major Categories of Nonagricultural 
Wage and Salary Employment By Political Subdivision and the 
Baltimore SMSA: 1973 By Place of Work 91 

66 Percentage Distribution of Major Categories of Selected 
Nonmanufacturing Employment: 1973 By Political Subdivision . 92 

67 Federal Civilian Employment By Political Subdivision: 

December 31, 1974 93 

68 Resident Population in Relation to Federal Employment: 1973 . 94 

69 Proportion of Labor Force Working Outside County of 

Residence: 1960 and 1970 95 

70 Destination of Commuters, by Political Subdivision: 1970 . . 96 

71 Armed Services Personnel in Maryland and United States: 

June 30, 1974 102 

72 Weekly Average of State Insured Unemployed, By Industry 
Attachment and By Sex: Fiscal Years 1974 and 1973 103 

73 Department of Employment Security, Summary of State 

Activities: Fiscal Years 1974, 1973, 1970 104 

74 Nonagricultural Employment Service Activities Relating To 

All Persons and Veterans Fiscal Years 1974 and 1973 105 

75 Distribution of Maryland State Employees, By Political 
Subdivision: May 1975 106 

76 Distribution of Maryland State Roads Commission Employees, 

By Working Locations: June 1975 107 

77 Work Stoppages in Maryland and United States: 1969-1973 . . . 108 
MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT AND PAYROLLS 109 

78 Change in Number of Employees in Manufacturing, 

Maryland and Selected Other Areas: 1958 - 1972 110 

79 Manufacturing Employment in Maryland By Standard Industrial 
Classification, By Place of Work, Annual Averages: 1970 

and 1974 Ill 

v 



Table No. Page 

80 Manufacturing Employment in Principal Industries in 
Maryland, By Place of Work, Rank By Percentage of Change: 

Annual Averages 1970 and 1974 112 

81 Manufacturing Employment in the Baltimore SMSA By Standard 
Industrial Classification Annual Averages: 1970, 1972, 

1974 113 

82 Manufacturing Employment in Principal Industries in the 
Baltimore SMSA, Annual Averages: 1974 and 1972 

Rank By Percentage Change 1972 to 1974 114 

83 Rate of Industry Growth, Manufacturing Employment in 
Maryland, By Place of Work, Rank By Growth Rate: 1970/ 

1974 and 1964/1974 115 

84 Rate of Industry Growth, Manufacturing Employment in 
Maryland, and Metropolitan Baltimore, By Place of Work, 

Rank By Growth Rate: 1950/1974 116 

85 Manufacturing and Non-Manufacturing Payrolls in 

Maryland: 1973 and 1969 117 

86 Manufacturing Payrolls in Maryland, Rank by Dollar Value 

in 1973: 1973 and 1970 118 

87 Number of Manufacturing Firms in Maryland, By Political 
Subdivision: 1974, 1970, 1960, 1950 119 

88 Manufacturing Payrolls, Maryland and Selected Eastern 
States, Regionally Ranked By Rate of Growth: 1972 and 

1967 120 

89 Number of Employees Engaged in Manufacturing, Maryland 
and Selected Eastern States, Regionally Ranked By Rate 

of Growth in Total Employees: 1972 and 1967 121 

90 Value Added By Manufacture, Maryland and Selected Eastern 
States, Regionally Ranked by Rate of Growth: 1972 and 

1967 122 

91 Value Added by Principal Manufacturing Industries in 

Maryland, Rank By Dollar Volume: 1972 and 1967 123 

92 Value Added By Principal Manufacturing Industries in 

Maryland, Rank By Per Cent Change: 1972 and 1967 124 

93 Average Weekly Earnings in Manufacturing Industries 
in Maryland By Place of Work: 1974 and 1970, Rank By 

Dollar Value in 1974 125 



VI 



Table No. Page 

94 Average Hourly Earnings in Manufacturing Industries 
in Maryland By Place of Work, Rank By Dollar Value 

in 1974: 1974 and 1970 126 

TRADE 127 

95 Trade Activity in Maryland, Establishments with Payroll 

Only: 1972 128 

96 Trade Activity in Maryland, Number of Establishments and 

Total Sales or Receipts: 1972 and 1967 129 

97 Maryland Retail Trade, By Political Subdivision: 1972 . . . 131 

98 Maryland Retail Trade, By Political Subdivision: 1967 . . . 132 

99 Maryland Wholesale Trade, By Political Subdivision: 1972 . . 133 

100 Maryland Wholesale Trade, By Political Subdivision: 1967 . . 134 

101 Selected Services in Maryland By Political Subdivision: 

1972 136 

102 Selected Services in Maryland By Political Subdivision: 

1967 137 

103 Number of Establishments, By Selected Kind-Of-Business 
Groups Maryland Selected Services By Political Subdivision: 

1972 138 

104 Number of Establishments, By Kind of Business Group, 
Maryland Selected Services By Political Subdivision with 

300 or More Establishments: 1972 139 

105 Number of Establishments, By Kind of Business Group, 

Maryland Selected Services, By Political Subdivision: 1967 . 140 

PERSONAL INCOME 141 

106 Gross State Product, Maryland, Current and Constant 

Dollars: 1950-1974 142 

107 Total Personal Income, United States and the 51 

Political Jurisdictions, Rank Order: 1974 143 

108 Per Capita Income By Jurisdiction and the United States, 

Rank Order: 1974 144 

109 Total Personal Income, Maryland and Selected Eastern 

States: 1974 and 1970 145 

110 Per Capita Income, Maryland and Selected Eastern States: 

1974 and 1970 146 



vix 



Table No. Page 

111 Personal Income by Major Source, Maryland: 1973 and 1971 . . 147 

112 Net Effective Buying Income Rank Order for States: 1974 . . . 148 

113 Buying Power, by Political Subdivision: 1974 149 

114 Median Household Effective Buying Income, by Political 
Subdivision: 1974 149 

115 Estimated Per Capita and Average Household Effective 
Buying Income By Political Subdivision, Ranked By Per Capita 
Effective Buying Income: 1974 150 

116 Average Household Effective Buying Income, Maryland and 
Selected Eastern States: 1974 151 

117 Retail Sales Per Household Rank Order for States: 1974 . . . 152 

118 Number of Households by Highest and Lowest Income Group 
for the United States, Maryland and Selected Eastern 

States: 1974 153 

119 Families Below Poverty Level in Maryland By Political 
Subdivision: 1969 154 

CITY WORKER'S FAMILY BUDGET 155 

120 Consumer Price Indices U.S., Baltimore, Md., and 

Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Areas: 1970-1974 156 

121 Urban Worker's Family Budget, Baltimore Metropolitan Area 

and Selected U.S. Metropolitan Areas: Autumn 1974 156 

122 Food Component of Consumer Price Index, Baltimore SMSA 

and United States: Jan., 1970 - Aug., 1975 157 

123 Indicies of Average Earnings of Workers in Selected 
Occupational Groups, and Relative Advance in 30 Metropol- 
itan Areas: 1974 158 

STATE FINANCE 159 

124 Net Cash Receipts, Maryland: Fiscal Years 1974, 1973, 1968 . 160 

125 Retail Sales Tax Receipts, Maryland, Rank Order By Major 

Class of Business: Fiscal Year 1974 161 

126 Retail Sales Tax Receipts by Major Categories, By 

Political Subdivision: Fiscal Year 1974 162 

127 Retail Sales and Use Tax Receipts, By Subdivision: 

Fiscal Year 1974 163 

128 Cash Expenditures, Maryland: Fiscal Years 1974, 1973, 1^68 . 164 

viii 



Table No. Page 

129 Net Expenditure for All Programs By Source of Funds 

and By Department Fiscal Year 1974 165 

130 Percentage Distribution of Local Government Revenues 
and Current Expenses: Fiscal Year 1974, By Political 
Subdivision 166 

131 Estimated General Revenue Sharing Payments to Maryland, 
Baltimore City and All Counties: Fiscal Year 1976 168 

FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS 169 

132 All Active Banks in Maryland, Summary of Assets and 
Liabilities: 1971 and 1973 170 

133 All Active National Banks in Maryland, Summary of Assets 

and Liabilities: 1973 and 1971 171 

134 All Active State Banks and Trust Companies in Maryland, 

Summary of Assets and Liabilities: 1971 and 1973 172 

135 All Active Mutual Savings Banks in Maryland, Summary 

of Assets and Liabilities: 1971 and 1973 172 

136 Credit Unions in Maryland: 1971 and 1973 173 

137 Industrial Finance Companies in Maryland: 1971 and 1973 . . 173 

138 Combined Statement of Condition of All Building, Savings, 
and Loan Associations Domiciled in Maryland as of 

December 31, 1973 , . 174 

139 Comparative Sections of Financial Statements, Maryland 
Building, Savings and Loan Associations: December 31, 1973 

and December 31, 1972 176 

140 Comparative Sections of Financial Statements, All State 
Chartered and Federal Chartered Building, Savings and 
Loan Associations as of December 31, 1972 and December 

31, 1973 177 

LIFE INSURANCE 178 

141 Life Insurance in Force in Maryland: 1974 179 

142 Purchases of Ordinary Life Insurance, Maryland: 1967-1973 . 179 
COURTS AND LAW ENFORCEMENT 180 

143 Number of Judges, Population and Case Load Per Judge, 
Maryland Trial Courts, By Political Subdivision: 

August 1973 182 



ix 



Table No. Page 

144 Cases Filed in Trial Courts, Maryland: 1974 and 1972 .... 183 

145 Average Time Intervals, Dispositions of Appeals, Maryland 

Court of Appeals, in Months: 1962-1973 184 

146 Average Time Lapse, Criminal Cases, State of Maryland: 
1967-1974 in Months 185 

147 United States District Court for Maryland, Bankruptcy, 
Administrative, and Citizenship Matters: July 1, 1973 - 

June 30, 1974 186 

148 United States District Court for Maryland, Civil and Criminal 
Cases: July 1, 1973 - June 30, 1974 186 

149 Jurisdictions from which Committed Persons were Received: 

Fiscal Year 1974 187 

150 Age Groups of Committed Persons, All Adult Institutions: 

Fiscal Year 1974 188 

151 Lengths of Sentences of Committed Persons, All Adult 
Institutions: Fiscal Year 1974 188 

152 Disposition of Juvenile Court Cases, By Political Sub- 
division: Fiscal Year 1975 189 

153 Average Daily Population of Juvenile Institutions, By 
Institution: June 1975 and June 1974 190 

154 Capacity, Average Daily Population and Annual Per Capita 
Costs of Adult Correctional Institutions By Institution: 

Fiscal Year 1974 190 

SOCIAL SERVICES 191 

155 Payments to Individuals and Families in Maryland:- Fiscal 

Years 1971-1974 192 

156 Average Number of Individuals or Families Assisted and 
Average Payment Per Individual or Family By Program: 

1974, 1973, 1971 193 

157 Social Service Cases (Individuals & Families) Receiving 
Payments: 1971-1974 194 

158 Social Services Other than Assistance in Programs: 

Fiscal Years 1974, 1973 195 

159 Food Stamp Distribution: July 1, 1973 - June 30, 1974 .... 196 

160 Number of Applications for Assistance Received, Approved, 
and Not Approved, Number of Cases Assisted and Discontinued* 
Fiscal Year 1974 197 

x 



Table No. Page 

161 Per Cent and Source of Funds By Type of Expenditure: 

Fiscal Years 1974, 1973 and 1971 198 

ENERGY 199 

162 Retail Fuel and Utilities Component of Consumer Price 
Index, Baltimore SMSA and United States: Jan., 1970 - 

Aug. , 1975 200 

163 Gas Utility Industry, Customers and Revenues, Maryland: 
1970-1974 and 1964 201 

164 Natural Gas Consumption, In the United States, South 
Atlantic Region, Maryland and District of Columbia: 

1972, 1973, 1974 202 

165 Installed Generating Capacity and Production of Electric 
Utilities and Installed Plants By Class of Ownership and 

Type of Prime Mover, Maryland: 1972 and 1974 203 

166 Commercial and Industrial Electric Sales in Maryland: 

1965-1974 204 

167 Gross Gallons of Motor Gasoline Sold, Maryland and the 

United States: 1972, 1973, 1974 205 

168 Regular Gasoline Retail Prices Baltimore SMSA and 

United States: October 1973 - August 1975 206 

169 Premium Gasoline Retail Prices Baltimore SMSA and 

United States: October 1973 - August 1975 207 

170 Telephone System in Maryland, Selected Data: 1972 and 1974 . 208 
PORT OF BALTIMORE 209 

171 Import and Export Tonnage and Value, Port of Baltimore: 
1964-1974 210 

172 Import Trade of the Port of Baltimore Arranged by Principal 
Countries and By Trade Areas : 1974 211 

173 Export Trade of the Port of Baltimore Arranged by Principal 
Countries and By Trade Areas: 1974 212 

174 Ranking of Principal United States Seaports in Foreign 
Waterborne Trade, Import Tonnage: 1972 and 1974 213 

175 Ranking of Principal United States Seaports in Foreign 
Waterborne Trade, Import Value: 1974 and 1972 213 

176 Ranking of Principal United States Seaports in Foreign 
Waterborne Trade, Export Tonnage: 1972 and 1974 214 



XI 



Table No. 
177 

178 

179 

180 

181 

AIR TRAVEL 
182 

183 

MOTOR VEHICLES 
184 

185 

186 

187 

188 

189 
190 

AGRICULTURE 
191 
192 



Page 

Ranking of Principal United States Seaports in Foreign 

Waterborne Trade, Export Value: 1972 and 1974 214 

Value of Principal Categories of Commodities Exported 

from and Imported into the Port of Baltimore: 1974 215 

Leading Commodities in Waterborne Commerce, Baltimore 

Harbor and Channels, in Short Tons: 1973 216 

Waterborne Commerce of the Principal Waterways in 

Maryland, in Short Tons: 1964 and 1973 217 

Waterborne Commerce of the Baltimore Harbor and 

Channels, in Short Tons: 1964-1973 218 

219 

Baltimore-Washington International Airport Operations: 

1970 and 1974 220 

Commercial Airports and Heliports in the State of Maryland, 

By Political Subdivision: 1974 221 

222 

Motor Vehicle-Related Employment in Maryland and the 

United States 223 

New Motor Vehicle Registration and Number of Licensed 

Drivers in Maryland: Fiscal Years 1974 and 1975 223 

Motor Vehicle Registration in Maryland, By Type and 

Political Subdivision: 1974 and 1975 224 

Average Daily Vehicle Miles, State Maintained Roads: 

1974 and 1972 225 

Traffic Volume at Toll Facilities in Maryland, Annual 

Totals: 1964-1974 226 

Highway Mileages Between Selected Locations in Maryland . . . 227 

Total Highway Mileage By Type of System in Maryland: 

1972 and 1974 228 

229 

Cash Receipts from Farming, Maryland: 1972, 1973, 1974 ... 230 

Selected Commodities Indices, Prices Received by Farmers, 
Maryland: 1969-1974 232 



xix 



Table No. Page 

193 Number of Farms and Lands in Farms, Maryland: 1968-1975 . . 232 

194 Workers on Farms in Maryland: 1972-1974 232 

195 Livestock and Poultry in Maryland, Number on Farms: 

1972-1975 233 

196 Livestock and Poultry in Maryland, Value By Species: 

1972-1975 235 

HOUSING AND CONSTRUCTION 236 

197 Selected Characteristics of Housing in Maryland, By 

Political Subdivision: 1970 237 

198 Value of Construction Contract Awards, United States 

and Maryland: 1972-1974 and 1964 238 

199 New Building Permits for Private and Public Residential 
Dwelling Units Authorized in Maryland: 1967-1974 238 

200 Annual Value of Non-Residential and Residential Construc- 
tion Contracts Awarded in Maryland: 1965-1974 239 

201 Mobile Home Shipments into Maryland: 1960-1974 240 

REAL ESTATE 241 

202 Number of Real Properties and Real Property Assessed 

Values, By Political Subdivision: 1974 242 

203 Real Property Assessment Level Ratios, By Political 
Subdivision: 1969, 1973, 1974 243 

204 Real Property Leased to the Federal Government in 

Maryland: 1970 and 1973 244 

205 Federally Owned Real Property in Maryland: 1970 and 1974 . . 244 
FEDERAL OUTLAYS IN MARYLAND 245 

206 Relative Position of the State: 1974 246 

207 Functional Summary of Federal Outlays, Maryland: 1974 . . . 247 

208 Federal Outlays in Maryland, By Political Subdivision: 1974 . 249 

209 Political Subdivision Summary of Federal Outlays By 

Agency: 1974 250 

210 Federal Expenditures for Selected Functional Categories 

in the Appalachian Portion of Maryland, Fiscal Year: 1974 . . 256 



xm 



Table No. Page 

ELECTIONS 257 

211 Voter Registration in Maryland, By Party and Political 
Subdivision: October 1974 258 

212 Maryland General Election Returns - November 5, 1974 

For Governor of Maryland 259 

213 Maryland General Election Returns - November 7, 1974 

For President of the United States 261 

214 Maryland General Election Returns - November 5, 1974 

For United States Senator 263 

RECREATION AREAS 265 

215 Recreation Homes, By Political Subdivisions: 1970 266 

216 Open Space Land and Selected Recreation Facilities: 1972 . . 267 

STATISTICAL APPENDIX 

NOTES TO STATISTICAL APPENDIX A-l 

A-l State Rankings by Selected Demographic Characteristics . . . A-2 

A-2 Maryland Total Civilian Workforce, by Month, Unadjusted 

and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1970 - October 1975 .... A-8 

A-3 Maryland Employment, by Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally 

Adjusted: January 1970 - October 1975 A-9 

A-4 Maryland Unemployment, by Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally 

Adjusted: January 1970 - October 1975 A-10 

A-5 Maryland Unemployment Rate, by Month, Unadjusted and 

Seasonally Adjusted: January 1970 - October 1975 A-ll 

A-6 Maryland Manufacturing Employment, by Month, Unadjusted 

and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - October 1975 .... A-12 

A-7 Maryland Durable Goods Manufacturing Employment, by Month, 
Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - 
October 1975 A-13 

A-8 Maryland Nondurable Goods Manufacturing Employment, by 

Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - 
October 1975 A-14 



xiv 



Table No. Page 

A-9 Maryland Nonmanufacturing Employment, by Month, 

Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - 

October 1975 A-15 

A-10 Maryland Contract Construction Employment, by Month, 
Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - 
October 1975 A-16 

A-ll Maryland Transportation and Public Utility Employment, by 
Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - 
October 1975 A- 17 

A-12 Maryland Wholesale and Retail Trade Employment, by Month, 
Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - 
October 1975 A-18 

A- 13 Maryland Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate Employment, 
by Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: 
January 1964 - October 1975 A-i9 

A-14 Maryland Federal Government Employment, by Month, 

Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - 

October 1975 A-20 

A-15 Maryland State and Local Government Employment, by Month, 
Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - 
October 1975 A-21 

A-16 Maryland Total Government Employment, by Month, 

Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - 

October 1975 A-22 

A- 17 Maryland Service Employment, by Month, Unadjusted and 

Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - October 1975 A-23 

A-18 Maryland Average Workweek in Manufacturing, by Month, 
Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - 
October 1975 A-24 

A-19 Maryland Average Weekly Earnings in Manufacturing, by 

Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - 
October 1975 A-25 

A-20 Maryland Average Weekly Initial Unemployment Claims, by 

Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - 
September 1975 A-26 

A-21 Maryland Accession Rate in Manufacturing, by Month, 
Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - 
September 1975 A-27 



xv 



Table No. 



Page 



A-22 Maryland Layoff Rate in Manufacturing, by Month, 

Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - 

September 1975 A-28 

A-23 Number of Business Failures in Maryland, by Month, 
Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1965 - 
September 1975 A-29 

A-24 Current Liabilities of Business Failures in Maryland, by 

Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - 
September 1975 A-30 

A-25 Maryland Total Construction Contract Awards Valuation, by 
Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1965 - 
September 1975 A-31 

A-26 Maryland Total Building Construction Contract Awards 

Valuation, by Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: 

January 1966 - September 1975 A-32 

A-27 Maryland Nonresidential Building Construction Contract 
Awards Valuation, by Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally 
Adjusted: January 1966 - September 1975 A-33 

A-28 Maryland Residential Building Construction Contract Awards 
Valuation, by Month, Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: 
January 1966 - September 1975 A-34 

A-29 New Car Registrations in Maryland, by Month, Unadjusted 

and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1966 - October 1975 . . . A-35 

A-30 Estimated Retail Sales in Maryland, by Month, Unadjusted 

and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - September 1975 . . A- 36 

A-31 Maryland Bank Debits to Demand Deposit Accounts, by Month, 
Unadjusted and Seasonally Adjusted: January 1966 - 
October 1975 A-37 

A-32 Time Deposits in Maryland, by Month, Unadjusted and 

Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - November 1975 A-38 

A-33 Demand Deposits in Maryland, by Month, Unadjusted and 

Seasonally Adjusted: January 1964 - November 1975 A-39 



xvi 



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-1- 



NO. 1 
GEOGRAPHICAL REGIONS OF MARYLAND GROUPED BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



SUB-REGIONS 



Baltimore Area 

Baltimore City 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Howard 

Harford 

Carroll 

Western Maryland 

Frederick 
Washington 
Allegany 
Garrett 

Washington Suburbs 

Montgomery 
Prince George's 

Southern Maryland 

Charles 
St. Mary's 
Calvert 

Eastern Shore 

Kent 

Queen Anne's 

Talbot 

Caroline 

Dorchester 

Wicomico 

Somerset 

Worcester 

Northern Maryland 

Cecil 



Note: Planning Regions - Maryland State Planning Department 



-2- 






POPULATION AND VITAL STATISTICS 

The population of Maryland is estimated to have grown by nearly six per 
cent since 1970, according to data furnished by the Maryland Department of 
Health and Mental Hygiene. 

State estimates are available for all fifty states on a consistent basis for 
the period ending July 1, 1974 (a year earlier than the Maryland data). Using 
those estimates we find that the 4.4 per cent increase in Maryland's population 
from 1970 to that date is slightly above the percentage increase of 4.0 per cent 
nationally. 

As might be expected in an area as diverse as Maryland, there is considerable 
variance of growth among the political subdivisions of the State. Howard County 
was the fastest growing subdivision with a 55.4 per cent increase in population 
over the period from April 1, 1970 to July 1, 1975. Next were Charles (26.7 
per cent), Calvert (24.3 per cent), Carroll (16.4 per cent), and Harford (13.8 
per cent) Counties. At the opposite extreme were Somerset (-0.7 per cent), 
Dorchester (-1.7 per cent), and Allegany (-2.0 per cent) Counties. Concurrently, 
Baltimore City showed the largest loss in population, with a drop of 8.1 per 
cent indicated. 

Consistent with national growth patterns, the population shifts have been 
urban in nature. The greatest increases are to be found in metropolitan 
Baltimore, with the exception of Baltimore City, and suburban metropolitan 
Washington. As is readily seen, with the exception of Baltimore City itself, 
the political subdivisions with below average growth are predominantly rural in 
their characteristics. Approximately 84 per cent of Marylanders reside in the 
Baltimore and Washington metropolitan areas, with the greater growth coming 
from Howard and Charles Counties. 

-3- 



More detailed demographic aspects are available as of this writing. 
Baltimore City contains by far the greatest concentration of non-white citizens 
in the State. Of the 796,300 non-white Marylanders, 436,120 or 54.8 per cent 
reside in that jurisdiction. The overall percentage of non-white persons in 
the State is 19.7 while in Baltimore City, 49.5 per cent of the population is 
non -white. 

The birth rate of the general population in Maryland followed the declining 
national trend. All political subdivisions shared in this decline. The 
State's birth rate in 1972 was 14.4 per thousand population; with the white 
birth rate standing at 13.3 and the non-white at 18.9. At the same time, the 
death rate here was 8.2 per thousand, with the white death rate at that level 
and the non-white at 8.3. 

There were 49,924 marriages in Maryland during 1972. 11,520 divorces and 
annulments were granted during that year, with more than half being decreed 
on the grounds of voluntary separation. 



-4- 



NO. 2 

POPULATION, STATE OF MARYLAND AND POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS, RANK BY 1975: 

1975 AND 1970 



POLITICAL 


PROJECTION FOR 


RANK 




PER CENT CHANGE 


SUBDIVISION 


JULY 1, 1975 


1975 


1970 


APRIL 1, 1970 


1970/1975 


Maryland 


4,145,400 






3,922,399 


5.7 


Baltimore City 


832,800 


1 


1 


905,759 


-8.1 


Prince George's 


710,100 


2 


2 


660,567 


7.5 


Baltimore 


653,100 


3 


3 


621,077 


5.2 


Montgomery 


589,900 


4 


4 


522,809 


12.8 


Anne Arundel 


337,500 


5 


5 


297,539 


13.4 


Harford 


131,300 


6 


6 


115,378 


13.8 


Washington 


106,500 


7 


7 


103,829 


2.6 


Howard 


96,200 


8 


11 


61,911 


55.4 


Frederick 


94,600 


9 


8 


84,927 


11.4 


Allegany 


82,400 


10 


9 


84,044 


-2.0 


Carroll 


80,300 


11 


10 


69,006 


16.4 


Charles 


60,400 


12 


14 


47,678 


26.7 


Wicomico 


58,000 


13 


12 


54,236 


6.9 


Cecil 


54,700 


14 


13 


53,291 


2.6 


St. Mary's 


52,100 


15 


15 


47,388 


9.9 


Dorchester 


28,900 


16 


16 


29,405 


-1.7 


Worcester 


27,200 


17 


17 


24,442 


11.3 


Calvert 


25,700 


18 


20 


20,682 


24.3 


Talbot 


25,500 


19 


18 


23,682 


7.7 


Garrett 


22,500 


20 


19 


21,476 


4.8 


Caroline 


20,500 


21 


21 


19,781 


3.6 


Queen Anne's 


19,600 


22 


23 


18,422 


6.4 


Somerset 


18,800 


23 


22 


18,924 


-0.7 


Kent 


16,800 


24 


24 


16,146 


4.1 



Sources: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Maryland Center for 
Health Statistics, by report dated November 29, 1974. 
U.S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Population 1970 , Number of 
Inhabitants, Maryland, PC (1)-A22. 



-5- 



NO. 3 

POPULATION OF THE 50 STATES AND THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 
RANK BY PER CENT OF CHANGE: 1974 AND 1970 
(IN THOUSANDS) 



JURISDICTION 



JULY 1, 1974 
(PROVISIONAL) 



APRIL 1, 1970 
(CENSUS) 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1970/1974 



United States 



211,390 



203,235 



4.0 



Arizona 

Florida 

Nevada 

Colorado 

Idaho 



2,153 
8,090 

573 
2,496 

799 



1,772 
6,789 

489 
2,207 

713 



21.4 
19.2 
17.3 
13.1 
12.0 



Alaska 

Utah 

New Mexico 

Hawaii 

New Hampshire 



337 

1,173 

1,122 

847 

808 



302 
1,059 
1,016 

770 

738 



11.6 
10.8 
10.4 
10.0 
9.5 



Oregon 

Wyoming 

Texas 

South Carolina 

Arkansas 



2,266 

359 

12,050 

2,784 

2,062 



2,091 

332 

11,197 

2,591 

1,923 



8.3 
8.1 
7.6 
7.5 
7.2 



Georgia 

Oklahoma 

Montana 

Vermont 

Virginia 



4,882 

2,709 

735 

470 

4,908 



4,590 

2,559 

694 

445 

4,648 



6.4 
5.8 
5.8 
5.7 
5.6 



North Carolina 

Maine 

Tennessee 

California 

Mississippi 



5,363 
1,047 
4,129 
20,907 
2,324 



5,082 

994 

3,924 

19,953 

2,217 



5.5 
5.3 
5.2 
4.8 
4.8 



Delaware 
MARYLAND 
Kentucky 
Nebraska 
Alabama 



573 
4,094 
3,357 
1,543 
3,577 



548 
3,922 
3,219 
1,484 
3,444 



4.5 
4.4 
4.3 
4.0 
3.9 



Wisconsin 
Louisiana 
North Dakota 
Minnesota 
West Virginia 



4,566 
3,764 
637 
3,917 
1,791 



4,418 
3,643 
618 
3,805 
1,744 



3.4 
3.3 
3.2 
3.0 
2.7 



(continued on following page) 



-6- 



NO. 3 

POPULATION OF THE 50 STATES AND THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 
RANK BY PER CENT OF CHANGE: 1974 AND 1970 (Cont'd.) 

(IN THOUSANDS) 







JULY 1, 1974 




APRIL 1, 1970 


PER CENT CHANGE 


JURISDICTION 




(PROVISIONAL) 






(CENSUS) 






1970/1974 


Indiana 






5,330 






5,194 






2.6 


Michigan 






9,098 






8,875 






2.5 


South Dakota 






682 






666 






2.4 


New Jersey 






7,330 






7,168 






2.3 


Missouri 






4,777 






4,677 






2.1 


Washington 






3,476 






3,409 






2.0 


Massachusetts 






5,800 






5,689 






1.9 


Connecticut 






3,088 






3,032 






1.9 


Iowa 






2,855 






2,825 






1.0 


Kansas 






2,270 






2,249 






0.9 


Ohio 






10,737 






10,652 






0.8 


Pennsylvania 






11,835 






11,794 






0.4 


Illinois 






11,131 






11,114 






0.2 


New York 






18,111 






18,241 






-0.7 


Rhode Island 






937 






950 






-1.3 


District of C 


alumbia 




723 






757 






-4.5 


Source: U.S. 


Bureau 


of the 


Census , Census 


of 


Population 


1970, 


Numb( 


ar of 


Inhabitants 


United 


States PC 


(D- 


Al. 










Popu 


lation Estimat* 


is and Proj 


ections 


, October 1974, S 


eries 


P-25 



-7- 



NO. 4 

POPULATION; STATE OF MARYLAND AND POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS, 
RANK BY PER CENT OF CHANGE: 1975 AND 1970 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 



PROJECTION FOR 
JULY 1, 1975 



APRIL 1, 1970 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1970/1975 



Maryland 

Howard 

Charles 

Calvert 

Carroll 

Harford 

Anne Arundel 
Montgomery 
Frederick 
Worcester 
St. Mary's 

Talbot 

Prince George's 

Wicomico 

Queen Anne' s 

Baltimore 

Garrett 

Kent 

Caroline 

Washington 

Cecil 

Somerset 
Dorchester 
Allegany 
Baltimore City 



4,145,400 

96,200 
60,400 
25,700 
80,300 
131,300 

337,500 

589,900 

94,600 

27,200 

52,100 

25,500 

710,100 

58,000 

19,600 

653,100 

22,500 
16,800 
20,500 
106,500 
54,700 

18,800 

28,900 

82,400 

832,800 



3,922,399 


5.7 


61,911 


55.4 


47,678 


26.7 


20,682 


24.3 


69,006 


16.4 


115,378 


13.8 


297,539 


13.4 


522,809 


12.8 


84,927 


11.4 


24,442 


11.3 


47,388 


9.9 


23,682 


7.7 


660,567 


7.5 


54,236 


6.9 


18,422 


6.4 


621,077 


5.2 


21,476 


4.8 


16,146 


4.1 


19,781 


3.6 


103,829 


2.6 


53,291 


2.6 


18,924 


-0.7 


29,405 


-1.7 


84,044 


-2.0 


905,759 


-8.1 



Source: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Maryland Center for 
Health Statistics, by report dated November 29, 1974. 
U.S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Population 1970 , Number of 
Inhabitants, Maryland, PC (1)-A22. 



-8- 



NO. 5 



POPULATION DENSITY IN THE UNITED STATES, BY STATE: 1973 



STATE 



PERSONS PER 
SQUARE MILE 



STATE 



PERSONS PER 
SQUARE MILE 



New England 
Maine 

New Hampshire 
Vermont 
Massachusetts 
Rhode Island 
Connecticut 

Middle Atlantic 
New York 
New Jersey 
Pennsylvania 

East North Central 
Ohio 
Indiana 
Illinois 
Michigan 
Wisconsin 

West North Central 
Minnesota 
Iowa 

Missouri 
North Dakota 
South Dakota 
Nebraska 
Kansas 



33 

88 

50 

743 

928 

633 



382 
979 
265 



262 
147 
202 
159 
84 



49 
52 
69 
9 
9 
20 
28 



East South Central 
Kentucky 
Tennessee 
Alabama 
Mississippi 

West South Central 
Arkansas 
Louisiana 
Oklahoma 
Texas 

Mountain 
Montana 
Idaho 
Wyoming 
Colorado 
New Mexico 
Arizona 
Utah 
Nevada 

Pacific 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 

Alaska 

Hawaii 



84 

100 

70 

48 



39 
84 
39 
45 



5 

9 

4 

23 

9 

18 

14 

5 



52 

23 

132 

1 

129 



South Atlantic 

Delaware 291 

MARYLAND 411 
District of Columbia 12,230 

Virginia 121 

West Virginia 75 

North Carolina 108 

South Carolina 90 

Georgia 82 

Florida 142 



Source: Statistical Abstract of the U.S. 1974, Table 11. 



-9- 



NO. 6 
POPULATION DENSITY OF MARYLAND SUBDIVISIONS: RANKED BY DENSITY: JULY, 1975 





LAND 










AREA IN 


POPULATION PRO J. 


POPULATION DENSITY 


SUBDIVISION 


SQ. MI. 


FOR JULY 1, 1975 


PEOPLE/SQ. MI. 


Maryland 


9,874 




4,145,400 


419.8 


Baltimore City 


79 




832,800 


10,541.8 


Prince George's 


485 




710,100 


1,464.1 


Montgomery 


493 




589,900 


1,196.6 


Baltimore 


608 




653,100 


1,074.2 


Anne Arundel 


417 




337,500 


809.4 


Howard 


250 




96,200 


384.8 


Harford 


448 




131,300 


293.1 


Washington 


462 




106,500 


230.5 


Allegany 


426 




82,400 


193.4 


Carroll 


453 




80,300 


177.3 


Cecil 


352 




54,700 


155.4 


Wicomico 


380 




58,000 


152.6 


Frederick 


664 




94,600 


142.5 


St. Mary's 


367 




52,100 


142.0 


Charles 


458 




60,400 


131.9 


Calvert 


219 




25,700 


117.4 


Talbot 


279 




25,500 


91.4 


Caroline 


320 




20,500 


64.1 


Kent 


284 




16,800 


59.2 


Somerset 


332 




18,800 


56.6 


Worcester 


483 




27,200 


56.3 


Queen Anne's 


373 




19,600 


52.5 


Dorchester 


580 




28,900 


49.8 


Garrett 


662 




22,500 


34.0 


Sources: Land Area i 


compiled by 


the Geography Division, Bureau of the Census, U.S. 


Department 


of Commerce 


:, as reported in Maryland 


Manual, 1973-1974. 



Population projected by Maryland Department of Health and Mental 
Hygiene, Maryland Center for Health Statistics, by report dated November 
29, 1974. 



-10- 



NO. 7 

POPULATION CHANGES IN THE UNITED STATES, BY STATE AND PER CENT TERMS 

FROM 1970-1973 







PERCENTAGE 






PERCENTAGE 




STATE 


CHANGE 


RANK 


STATE 


CHANGE 


RANK 


Arizona 


16.1 


1 


North Dakota 


3.5 


27 


Florida 


13.1 


2 


Maine 


3.5 


28 


Nevada 


12.1 


3 


Wisconsin 


3.4 


29 


Colorado 


10.4 


4 


Louisiana 


3.3 


30 


Alaska 


9.3 


5 


California 


3.2 


31 


Utah 


9.2 


6 


Mississippi 


2.9 


32 


New Mexico 


8.9 


7 


West Virginia 


2.9 


33 


Hawaii 


8.1 


8 


Iowa 


2.8 


34 


Idaho 


7.9 


9 


Alabama 


2.8 


35 


New Hampshire 


7.2 


10 


New Jersey 


2.7 


36 


Oregon 


6.4 


11 


South Dakota 


2.7 


37 


Wyoming 


6.3 


12 


Rhode Island 


2.5 


38 


Arkans as 


5.9 


13 


Indiana 


2.4 


39 


Texas 


5.3 


14 


Minnesota 


2.4 


40 


South Carolina 


5.2 


15 


Massachusetts 


2.3 


41 


Tennessee 


5.2 


16 


Michigan 


1.9 


42 


Delaware 


5.0 


17 


Missouri 


1.7 


43 


Vermont 


4.4 


18 


Kansas 


1.4 


44 


Georgia 


4.3 


19 


Connecticut 


1.4 


45 


Oklahoma 


4.0 


20 


Illinois 


1.1 


46 


Nebraska 


4.0 


21 


Pennsylvania 


0.9 


47 


North Carolina 


3.8 


22 


Ohio 


0.7 


48 


Kentucky 


3.8 


23 


Washington 


0.6 


49 


MARYLAND 


3.8 


24 


New York 


0.1 


50 


Montana 


3.8 


25 


District of Col. 1.4 


51 


Virginia 


3.5 


26 








Source: Statistical Abstract 


of the United 


States 1974, Table 12. 





-11- 



NO. 8 
MARYLAND POPULATION GROWTH: 1870-1975 







INCREASE OVER 


PRECEDING 


CENSUS 


PER CENT INCREASE OF 
U.S. POPULATION OVER 


YEAR 


POPULATION 


NUMBER 


PER CENT 


PRECEDING PERIOD— 
OF THE CONTERMINOUS 
UNITED STATES ^^ 


1975(Pro; 


•) 


4,145,400 


51,400 


1.3 


0.8 


1974(Est. 


) 


4,094,000 


24,000 


0.6 


0.7 


1973(Est. 


) 


4,070,000 


22,000 


0.5 


0.8 


1972(Est. 


) 


4,048,000 


47,000 


1.2 


1.0 


1971(Est. 


) 


4,001,000 


78,601 


2.0 


1.5 


1970 




3,922,399 


821,710 


26.5 


13.3 


1960 




3,100,689 


757,688 


32.3 


18.4 


1950 




2,343,001 


521,757 


28.6 


14.5 


1940 




1,821,244 


189,718 


11.6 


7.2 


1930 




1,631,526 


181,875 


12.5 


16.1 


1920 




1,449,661 


154,315 


11.9 


14.9 


1910 




1,295,346 


107,302 


9.0 


21.0 


1900 




1,188,044 


145,654 


14.0 


20.7 


1890 




1,042,390 


107,447 


11.5 


25.5 


1880 




934,943 


154,049 


19.7 


26.0 


1870 




780,894 


93,845 


13.7 


26.6 



(1) 



All years exclude Hawaii and Alaska. 



Sources: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Maryland Center for 
Health Statistics, report dated November 29, 1974; projections for 
July 1, 1975. 

U.S. Bureau of the Census, other years. Estimates for 1971-1973 and 
provisional for 1974 from Population Estimates and Projections , 
Series P-25 No. 520, July 1974 and No. 533, October 1974. 

-12- 



NO. 9 

COMPONENTS OF POPULATION CHANGE DUE TO MIGRATION AND NATURAL INCREASE 

BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1960-1970 



SUBDIVISION 



TOTAL CHANGE 



PER CENT 



NATURAL CHANGE 



MIGRATION CHANGE 



Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Baltimore City 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 



-0.1 
44.2 
26.0 
-3.5 
30.7 

1.6 
30.7 
10.1 
46.4 
-0.9 
18.1 

5.2 
50.4 
72.6 

4.3 
53.3 
85.0 
11.2 
21.8 
-3.6 

9.8 
13.8 
10.6 

3.0 



5.9 

17.6 

13.4 

9.1 

18.8 

5.6 

10.8 

17.0 

23.4 

3.8 

11.1 

10.3 

19.8 

18.8 

6.7 

16.1 

28.9 

7.0 

27.0 

2.4 

5.0 

9.6 

8.0 

8.5 



-6.0 

26.6 

12.6 

-12.6 

11.9 

-4.0 

19.9 

-6.9 

23.0 

-4.7 

7.0 

-5.1 

30.6 

53.8 

-2.4 

37.2 

56.1 

4.2 

-5.2 

-6.0 

4.8 

4.2 

2.6 

-5.5 



STATE TOTAL 



26.5 



14.1- 



12.4 



Source 



Current Population Reports, Population Estimates and Projections , 
Series P-25, No. 461, U.S. Bureau of the Census. 



-13- 



NO. 10 

MIGRATION TO AND FROM MARYLAND: 1965-1970 
BY STATE 



STATE 



FROM MARYLAND 



TO MARYLAND 



New England 




Maine 


1,540 


New Hampshire 


1,386 


Vermont 


792 


Massachusetts 


8,387 


Rhode Island 


2,334 


Connecticut 


6,084 


Middle Atlantic 




New York 


18,258 


New Jersey 


15,244 


Pennsylvania 


31,686 


East North Central 




Ohio 


11,397 


Indiana 


4,025 


Illinois 


8,677 


Michigan 


6,226 


Wisconsin 


2,303 


West North Central 




Minnesota 


2,129 


Iowa 


1,122 


Missouri 


3,347 


North Dakota 


367 


South Dakota 


244 


Nebraska 


884 


Kansas 


2,222 


South Atlantic 




Delaware 


9,191 


MARYLAND (internal flow) 


116,600 


District of Columbia 


12,022 


Virginia 


43,293 


West Virginia 


9,891 


North Carolina 


13,020 


South Carolina 


5,678 


Georgia 


7,181 


Florida 


27,852 



2,073 
1,170 
689 
11,785 
2,548 
6,242 



35,822 
20,051 
42,881 



17,235 
5,299 

10,828 
7,599 
3,246 



3,212 
1,889 
4,121 
767 
803 
2,065 
3,149 



6,492 

71,371 
50,002 
12,605 
14,070 
5,633 
7,303 
16,748 



(continued on following page) 



-14- 



NO. 10 



MIGRATION TO AND FROM MARYLAND: 
BY STATE (Cont'd.) 



1965-1970 



STATE 



FROM MARYLAND 



TO MARYLAND 



East South Central 
Kentucky 
Tennessee 
Alabama 
Mississippi 



3,625 
4,852 
2,910 
1,122 



3,245 
5,427 
4,348 
1,760 



West South Central 
Arkansas 
Louisiana 
Oklahoma 
Texas 



1,110 

2,401 

1,947 

11,241 



1,123 

3,338 

3,189 

12,290 



Mountain 
Montana 
Idaho 
Wyoming 
Colorado 
New Mexico 
Arizona 
Utah 
Nevada 



419 

369 

240 

4,719 

1,222 

2,894 

841 

819 



552 

555 

423 

3,798 

2,400 

1,848 

1,194 

710 



Pacific 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 

Alaska 

Hawaii 



3,596 
1,294 
25,551 
1,364 
3,161 



3,253 
1,487 
24,487 
1,320 
3,596 



MARYLAND TOTAL 



332,479 



448,041 



Source: Final Report PC (2) 2E, 1970, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Table 4. 



-15- 



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-16- 



NO. 12 
ESTIMATED MARYLAND POPULATION BY RACE AND AGE GROUP: JULY 1, 1970 

AGE GROUP TOTAL WHITE NONWHITE 

Total 3,922,399 3,194,888 727,511 

Under 5 344,267 267,454 76,813 

5-9 404,492 314,447 90,045 

10-14 409,928 320,340 89,588 

15-19 356,139 281,915 74,224 

20-24 325,455 265,470 59,985 

25-29 286,425 235,353 51,072 

30-34 238,005 192,969 45,036 

35-39 227,724 185,087 42,637 

40-44 244,163 203,048 41,115 

45-54 463,893 394,462 69,431 

55-64 322,226 275,240 46,986 

65-74 191,994 164,321 27,673 

75 and Over 107,688 94,782 12,906 

Source: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Maryland Center for 
Health Statistics, Annual Vital Statistics Report , 1972. 



-17- 



NO. 13 

COMPARATIVE POPULATION ESTIMATES AND VITAL STATISTICS DATA, BY RACE 

FOR MARYLAND REGIONS: 1972 



RACE AND REGION 



INFANT 
POPULATION INFANT BIRTH DEATH MORTALITY 

1972 BIRTHS DEATHS DEATHS RATE^ 1 ) RATE^D RATE^ 2 ) 



Total 


4,048,480 


58,310 


33,396 


959 


14.4 


8.2 


16.4 


Northwest Area 


299,320 


4,287 


2,950 


68 


14.3 


9.9 


15.9 


Baltimore Metro Area 


2,107,000 


29,594 


19,743 


494 


14.0 


9.3 


16.7 


National Capital Area 


1,252,760 


18,299 


6,754 


274 


14.6 


5.4 


15.0 


Southern Area 


127,140 


2,423 


849 


52 


19.1 


6.7 


21.5 


Eastern Shore Area 


262,260 


3,707 


3,100 


71 


14.1 


11.8 


19.2 


White 


3,252,180 


43,289 


26,755 


614 


13.3 


8.2 


14.2 


Northwest Area 


288,070 


4,083 


2,857 


67 


14.2 


9.9 


16.4 


Baltimore Metro Area 


1,588,950 


20,112 


14,815 


267 


12.7 


9.3 


13.3 


National Capital Area 


1,073,760 


14,601 


6,051 


206 


13.6 


5.6 


14.8 


Southern Area 


96,330 


1,757 


608 


32 


18.2 


6.3 


18.2 


Eastern Shore Area 


205,070 


2,736 


2,424 


42 


13.3 


11.8 


15.4 


Nonwhite 


796,300 


15,021 


6,641 


345 


18.9 


8.3 


23.0 


Northwest Area 


11,250 


204 


93 


1 


18.1 


8.3 


4.9* 


Baltimore Metro Area 


518,050 


9,482 


4,928 


227 


18.3 


9.5 


23.9 


National Capital Area 


179,000 


3,698 


703 


68 


20.7 


3.9 


18.4 


Southern Area 


30,810 


666 


241 


20 


21.6 


7.8 


30.0 


Eastern Shore Area 


57,190 


971 


676 


29 


17.0 


11.8 


29.9 



(^Per 1,000 population. 



(2) 



Per 1,000 live births. 



*Indicates rates based on a frequency of less than 10. 



Note: The geographic regions of the State and the political subdivisions they 
include are: 



Northwest 
Area 



Southern 
Area 



Baltimore Metro 
Area 



National Capital 
Area 



Eastern 
Shore Area 



Garrett 
Allegany 
Washington 
Frederick 



Calvert 
Charles 
St. Mary's 



Montgomery 
Prince George's 



Cecil 
Kent 

Queen Anne's 
Caroline 
Talbot 
Dorchester 
Wicomico 
Somerset 
Worcester 
Source: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Maryland Center for 
Health Statistics, Annual Vital Statistics Report, 



Baltimore City 

Baltimore 

Anne Arundel 

Carroll 

Howard 

Harford 



1972. 



-18- 



NO. 14 



ESTIMATED WHITE POPULATION. 
POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 



BY AGE GROUP AND 
JULY 1, 1972 









WHITE POPULATION BY AGE 




REGION AND 




























POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 


ALL AGES 


UNDER 1 


1-4 


5-17 


18-44 


45-64 


65+ 


Maryland 


3,252,180 


45,330 


202,620 


798,990 


1,238,930 


691,350 


274,960 


Allegany 


82,760 


1,140 


4,890 


18,990 


27,400 


19,990 


10,350 


Anne Arundel 


276,730 


4,160 


18,850 


75,020 


110,360 


52,510 


15,830 


Baltimore City 


445,520 


5,550 


21,500 


83,590 


151,260 


111,190 


72,430 


Baltimore 


614,590 


7,550 


34,670 


151,110 


221,920 


146,140 


47,200 


Calvert 


15,110 


230 


1,130 


3,850 


5,060 


3,200 


1,640 


Caroline 


16,120 


220 


1,020 


4,180 


4,950 


3,520 


2,230 


Carroll 


70,920 


980 


4,610 


17,820 


26,220 


14,250 


7,040 


Cecil 


50,670 


900 


3,940 


13,790 


19,030 


9,100 


3,910 


Charles 


39,450 


710 


3,350 


11,590 


15,880 


5,960 


1,960 


Dorchester 


19,840 


230 


990 


4,220 


6,140 


4,990 


3,270 


Frederick 


82,030 


1,240 


5,730 


21,210 


30,270 


16,060 


7,520 


Garrett 


21,880 


380 


1,630 


6,150 


6,910 


4,210 


2,600 


Harford 


112,750 


1,850 


8,470 


31,650 


44,840 


19,770 


6,170 


Howard 


68,440 


930 


4,670 


19,190 


28,110 


12,080 


3,460 


Kent 


12,650 


160 


730 


2,890 


4,530 


2,570 


1,770 


Montgomery 


519,250 


6,180 


30,760 


135,950 


195,800 


116,640 


33,920 


Prince George's 


554,510 


9,240 


40,040 


137,900 


243,430 


97,230 


26,670 


Queen Anne' s 


14,700 


190 


830 


3,700 


4,740 


3,410 


1,830 


St. Mary's 


41,770 


890 


3,390 


10,490 


19,600 


5,330 


2,070 


Somerset 


11,540 


160 


510 


2,460 


3,490 


2,950 


1,970 


Talbot 


18,690 


190 


900 


4,120 


5,790 


4,720 


2,970 


Washington 


101,400 


1,480 


6,660 


25,030 


35,740 


21,850 


10,640 


Wicomico 


43,930 


570 


2,400 


10,320 


15,910 


9,750 


4,980 


Worcester 


16,930 


200 


950 


3,770 


5,550 


3,930 


2,530 


Source: Maryland Dep 


artment of Health and 


Mental Hygiene, Maryland Center for Health 


Statistics, , 


\nnual Vital 


Statistics Report 


, 1972. 









-19- 



NO. 15 

ESTIMATED MARYLAND NONWHITE POPULATION, BY AGE GROUP AND 
POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: JULY 1, 1972 





ALL AGES 








NONWHITE POPULATION BY 


AGE 




POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 


UNDER 1 


1- 


-4 


5-17 


18-44 


45-64 


65+ 


Maryland 


796,300 


15 


,290 


66 


,210 


241,460 


307,470 


121,980 


43,890 


Allegany 


1,280 




30 




100 


310 


480 


220 


140 


Anne Arundel 


35,050 




620 


2 


,470 


10,860 


13,260 


5,340 


2,500 


Baltimore City 


436,120 


8 


,360 


34 


,350 


132,960 


159,540 


75,160 


25,750 


Baltimore 


25,680 




460 


1 


,840 


7,010 


10,050 


4,440 


1,880 


Calvert 


7,760 




180 




730 


2,950 


2,430 


1,020 


450 


Caroline 


3,930 




60 




320 


1,180 


1,210 


780 


380 


Carroll 


2,960 




40 




220 


780 


1,140 


500 


280 


Cecil 


3,050 




60 




260 


850 


1,100 


510 


270 


Charles 


14,140 




290 


1 


,410 


5,610 


4,380 


1,800 


650 


Dorchester 


9,240 




190 




770 


2,690 


2,830 


1,910 


850 


Frederick 


6,260 




120 




530 


2,130 


2,070 


910 


500 


Garrett 


70 




- 




- 


50 


20 


- 


- 


Harford 


10,500 




230 




930 


3,170 


4,100 


1,450 


620 


Howard 


7,740 




100 




640 


2,420 


3,170 


1,070 


340 


Kent 


3,990 




50 




280 


1,190 


1,360 


680 


430 


Montgomery 


39,200 




770 


3 


,660 


10,550 


17,670 


5,160 


1,390 


Prince George's 


139,800 


2 


,830 


14 


,050 


41,430 


65,660 


12,770 


3,060 


Queen Anne' s 


4,350 




60 




260 


1,270 


1,380 


840 


540 


St. Mary's 


8,910 




190 




820 


3,300 


3,000 


1,120 


480 


Somerset 


7,290 




120 




530 


2,080 


2,550 


1,220 


790 


Talbot 


5,770 




90 




390 


1,570 


1,810 


1,210 


700 


Washington 


3,640 




60 




190 


790 


2,010 


380 


210 


Wicomico 


11,740 




240 




860 


3,670 


3,810 


2,150 


1,010 


Worcester 


7,830 




140 




600 


2,640 


2,440 


1,340 


670 


Source: Maryland Depar 


tment of Health and 


Mental 


Hygiene, Center for 


Health 




Statistics, Annual Vital- 


Statistics 1 


Report, 1972. 









-20- 



NO. 16 



MARRIAGE BY RESIDENT STATUS AND TYPE OF CEREMONY . 
SUBDIVISION OF OCCURRENCE: 1972 



BY POLITICAL 







MARRIAGE 


BY 


RESIDENCE (!) 




TYPE 


OF CEREMONY 




POLITICAL SUB- 




















DIVISION OF 


TOTAL 


MARYLAND 
RESIDENTS ( 2 ) 


NON-RESIDENTS^ 
NUMBER PER CENT 


RELIGIOUS 


CIVIL 




OCCURRENCE 


NUMBER PER CENT 


Maryland 


49,924 


36,179 


13 


,745 


27.5 


34 


,479 


15,445 


30.9 


Allegany 


1,941 


904 


1 


,037 


53.4 


1 


,249 


692 


35.7 


Anne Arundel 


3,003 


2,716 




287 


9.6 


2 


,400 


603 


20.1 


Baltimore City 


8,795 


8,304 




491 


5.6 


6 


,950 


1,845 


21.0 


Baltimore 


5,839 


5,418 




421 


7.2 


4 


,925 


914 


15.7 


Calvert 


202 


193 




9 


4.5 




185 


17 


8.4 


Caroline 


511 


252 




259 


50.7 




458 


53 


10.4 


Carroll 


844 


634 




210 


24.9 




605 


239 


28.3 


Cecil 


6,214 


844 


5 


,370 


86.4 


1 


,999 


4,215 


67.8 


Charles 


566 


430 




136 


24.0 




366 


200 


35.3 


Dorchester 


291 


271 




20 


6.9 




268 


23 


7.9 


Frederick 


1,090 


905 




185 


17.0 




895 


195 


17.9 


Garrett 


1,392 


288 


1 


,104 


79.3 




935 


457 


32.8 


Harford 


1,432 


1,079 




353 


24.7 




969 


463 


32.3 


Howard 


885 


829 




56 


6.3 




618 


267 


30.2 


Kent 


205 


169 




36 


17.6 




167 


38 


18.5 


Montgomery 


5,611 


4,507 


1 


,104 


19.7 


3 


,636 


1,975 


35.2 


Prince George's 


6,205 


5,344 




861 


13.9 


4 


,253 


1,952 


31.5 


Queen Anne ' s 


154 


126 




28 


18.2 




132 


22 


14.3 


St. Mary's 


467 


449 




18 


3.9 




335 


132 


28.3 


Somerset 


212 


181 




31 


14.6 




189 


23 


10.8 


Talbot 


284 


259 




25 


8.8 




251 


33 


11.6 


Washington 


2,350 


1,066 


1 


,284 


54.6 


1 


,472 


878 


37.4 


Wicomico 


903 


680 




223 


24.7 




764 


139 


15.1 


Worcester 


528 


331 




197 


37.3 




458 


70 


13.3 



(1) 



(2) 
(3) 



Marriages refer to the number of ceremonies performed, not the number of persons 
married. 

One or both partners residents of Maryland. 



Both partners non-residents of Maryland. 



Source: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Maryland Center for 
Health Statistics, Annual Vital Statistics Report, 1972. 



-21- 



NO. 17 

BIRTHS AND BIRTH RATES BY RACE FOR MARYLAND AND POLITICAL 

SUBDIVISIONS: 1972 







NUMBER OF 


BIRTHS 






BIRTH RATES t 1 ) 




POLITICAL 
















SUBDIVISION 


TOTAL 


WHITE 


NONWHITE 


TOTAL 


WHITE 


NONWHITE 


Maryland 


58,310 


43,289 


15 


,021 


14.4 


13.3 


18.9 


Allegany 


1,104 


1,074 




30 


13.1 


13.0 


23.4 


Anne Arundel 


4,702 


4,062 




640 


15.1 


14.7 


18.3 


Baltimore City 


13,265 


5,220 


8 


,045 


15.0 


11.7 


18.4 


Baltimore 


7,579 


7,138 




441 


11.8 


11.6 


17.2 


Calvert 


410 


222 




188 


17.9 


14.7 


24.2 


Caroline 


259 


187 




72 


12.9 


11.6 


18.3 


Carroll 


971 


939 




32 


13.1 


13.2 


10.8 


Cecil 


923 


872 




51 


17.2 


17.2 


16.7 


Charles 


987 


695 




292 


18.4 


17.6 


20.7 


Dorchester 


404 


233 




171 


13.9 


11.7 


18.5 


Frederick 


1,303 


1,190 




113 


14.8 


14.5 


18.1 


Garrett 


399 


399 




- 


18.2 


18.2 


- 


Harford 


2,003 


1,795 




208 


16.3 


15.9 


19.8 


Howard 


1,074 


958 




116 


14.1 


14.0 


15.0 


Kent 


203 


149 




54 


12.2 


11.8 


13.5 


Montgomery 


6,890 


6,056 




834 


12.3 


11.7 


21.3 


Prince George's 


11,409 


8,545 


2 


,864 


16.4 


15.4 


20.5 


Queen Anne's 


233 


175 




58 


12.2 


11.9 


13.3 


St. Mary's 


1,026 


840 




186 


20.2 


20.1 


20.9 


Somerset 


277 


163 




114 


14.7 


14.1 


15.6 


Talbot 


287 


204 




83 


11.7 


10.9 


14.4 


Washington 


1,481 


1,420 




61 


14.1 


14.0 


16.8 


Wicomico 


789 


559 




230 


14.2 


12.7 


19.6 


Worcester 


332 


194 




138 


13.4 


11.5 


17.6 



CD 



Per 1,000 population, 



Source: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Maryland Center for 
Health Statistics, Annual Vital Statistics Report , 1972, page 19. 



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-23- 



NO. 19 

SELECTED MORTALITY DATA BY RACE, MARYLAND AND THE UNITED STATES 

1969-1972 



DEATH RATES 



(1) 



TOTAL 



WHITE 



NONWHITE 



YEAR MARYLAND UNITED STATES MARYLAND UNITED STATES MARYLAND UNITED STATES 



1972 


8.2 


9.4 


8.2 


9.4 


8.3 


9.3 


1971 


8.1 


9.3 


8.0 


9.3 


8.5 


9.1 


1970 


8.3 


9.5 


8.2 


9.5 


8.8 


9.5 


1969 


8.4 


9.5 


8.2 


9.5 


9.1 


9.6 



INFANT DEATH RATES PER 1,000 LIVE BIRTHS ( 2 ) 



1972 


16.4 


18.5 


14.2 


16.3 


23.0 


29.0 


1971 


18.2 


19.2 


14.8 


16.8 


28.4 


30.2 


1970 


19.1 


19.8 


16.0 


17.4 


28.9 


31.4 


1969 


19.7 


20.7 


16.3 


18.4 


30.9 


31.6 



NEONATAL DEATH RATES PER 1,000 LIVE BIRTHS 



(3) 



1972 


12.0 


13.7 


10.6 


12.3 


16.1 


20.6 


1971 


13.5 


14.3 


11.3 


12.9 


20.0 


20.8 


1970 


14.0 


14.9 


12.1 


13.5 


20.1 


21.6 


1969 


14.7 


15.4 


12.7 


14.1 


21.3 


21.6 



P - Preliminary 

'-'-'Death Rates are per 1,000 population. 

'^Death occurring to a person under one year. 

'-'-'Death occurring to a person under 28 days. 

Source: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Maryland Center for 
Health Statistics, Annual Vital Statistics Report , 1972. 

U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Census, Statistical Abstract of 
the United States, 1974. 



-24- 



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NO. 21 

DEATHS AND DEATH RATES BY RACE FOR MARYLAND AND POLITICAL 

SUBDIVISIONS: 1972 



T1 /"\T T rr>T O A T 




NUMBER 


OF DEATHS 






DEATH RATES t 1 ) 




POLITICAL 


















SUBDIVISION 


TOTAL 


WHITE 


NONWHITE 


TOTAL 


WHITE 


NONWHITE 


Maryland 


33 


,396 


26 


,755 


6,641 


8.2 


8.2 


8.3 


Allegany 




970 




952 


18 


11.5 


11.5 


14.1 


Anne Arundel 


1 


,965 


1 


,684 


281 


6.3 


6.7 


8.0 


Baltimore City 


11 


,081 


6 


,771 


4,310 


12.6 


15.2 


9.9 


Baltimore 


4 


,935 


4 


,730 


205 


7.7 


7.7 


8.0 


Calvert 




203 




153 


50 


8.9 


10.1 


6.4 


Caroline 




273 




218 


55 


13.6 


13.5 


14.0 


Carroll 




603 




589 


14 


8.2 


8.3 


4.7 


Cecil 




478 




439 


39 


8.9 


8.7 


12.8 


Charles 




348 




237 


111 


6.5 


6.0 


7.9 


Dorchester 




401 




265 


136 


13.8 


13.4 


14.7 


Frederick 




769 




708 


61 


8.7 


8.6 


9.7 


Garrett 




222 




222 


- 


10.1 


10.1 


- 


Harford 




737 




660 


77 


6.0 


5.9 


7.3 


Howard 




422 




381 


41 


5.5 


5.6 


5.3 


Kent 




216 




177 


39 


13.0 


14.0 


9.8 


Montgomery 


3 


,263 


3 


,077 


186 


5.8 


5.9 


4.7 


Prince George's 


3 


,491 


2 


,974 


517 


5.0 


5.4 


3.7 


Queen Anne's 




229 




189 


40 


12.0 


12.9 


9.2 


St. Mary's 




298 




218 


80 


5.9 


5.2 


9.0 


Somerset 




285 




202 


83 


15.1 


17.5 


11.4 


Talbot 




307 




223 


84 


12.6 


11.9 


14.6 


Washington 




989 




975 


14 


9.4 


9.6 


3.8 


Wicomico 




603 




490 


113 


10.8 


11.2 


9.6 


Worcester 




308 




221 


87 


12.4 


13.1 


11.1 



(1) 



Per 1,000 population. 



Source: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Maryland Center for Health 
Statistics, Annual Vital Statistics Report , 1972. 



-26- 



EDUCATION 

Education has been standing in the spotlight of publicity throughout the 
Seventies. Nearly 900,000 people were enrolled in public schools throughout 
Maryland in 1974. Following the national trend, elementary school enrollment 
has been declining due to decreases in the population of persons of elementary 
school age. Despite the decreases in births, nursery school attendance has been 
climbing. While most formal education takes place in the public school environ- 
ment, approximately three-fourths of nursery school enrollment is in private 
schools. 

On a statewide basis, the cost per pupil has risen to $1,117, and the 
number of pupils per teacher and administrator has declined to 19.8. 

Public high schools in Maryland graduated More than 54,000 students in 1974, 
a figure more than 21 per cent higher than the one recorded five years earlier. 
And, 42 per cent of these graduates continued into higher education. 

Nearly 26,000 full time students were enrolled for the Fall 1974 term in 
the 19 two year colleges here. If one includes part time students, the figure 
rises to more than 66,000. The 34 four year colleges and universities compiled 
a full time undergraduate enrollment in excess of 68,000 students. Added to 
this figure are the more than 25,000 part time students and the 26,000 graduate 
students, bringing the total to over 186,000 students enrolled in institutions 
of higher education in Maryland. 



-27- 



I 



NO. 22 

NUMBER OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN MARYLAND, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 

SEPTEMBER 30, 1974 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 



TOTAL 



ELEMENTARY 



SECONDARY 



COMBINED (D 



Maryland 


1,339 


Allegany 


37 


Anne Arundel 


101 


Baltimore City 


205 


Baltimore 


161 


Calvert 


11 


Caroline 


9 


Carroll 


28 


Cecil 


25 


Charles 


26 


Dorchester 


19 


Frederick 


34 


Garrett 


17 


Harford 


38 


Howard 


40 


Kent 


8 


Montgomery 


202 


Prince George's 


233 


Queen Anne's 


10 


St. Mary's 


24 


Somerset 


16 


Talbot 


13 


Washington 


44 


Wicomico 


24 


Worcester 


14 



932 

26 

75 

148 

111 

7 

5 
16 
16 
16 
13 

24 
13 
26 
23 
4 

147 
172 

6 
17 

9 

8 
27 
16 

7 



314 

8 
21 
49 
44 

2 

4 
5 
6 
4 
6 

6 
2 
8 
7 
1 

52 

61 

2 

3 

3 

3 

7 
6 
4 



93 

3 

5 
8 
6 
2 



4 
2 
4 
10 
3 



2 

4 
4 

2 

10 

2 

3 



(1) 



Includes middle and other schools. 



Source: Maryland State Department of Education, Division of Research, Evaluation, 

and Information Systems, Number of Maryland Public Schools by Organization , 
Enrollment, and Staff September 30, 1974 , April 1975 report. 



-28- 



NO. 23 

ENROLLMENT IN PUBLIC AND NONPUBLIC SCHOOLS, MARYLAND: 
1974, 1972 AND 1961^ 







1974 


1972 


1967 


PER 


CENT CHANGE 


TYPE OF SCHOOL 


1972/1974 


1967/1974 


Total Public and Nonpublic 


1,020,251 


1,032,193 


963,906 


-1.2 


5.8 


Public 


894,314 


920,896 


825,892 


-2.9 


8.3 


Kindergarten and Pre- 


62,287 


60,180 


42,391 


3.5 


46.9 


Kindergarten 












Elementary (1-8) 


412,265 


445,483 


437,367 


-7.5 


-5.7 


Secondary 


419,762 


412,923 


346,134 


1.7 


21.3 


Nonpublic 


125,937 


111,297 


138,014 


13.2 


-8.8 


Kindergarten and Pre- 


19,978 


4,991 


7,759 


300.3 


157.5 


Kindergarten 












Elementary (1-8) 


72,328 


75,118 


99,636 


-3.7 


-27.4 


Secondary 


33,631 


31,188 


30,619 


7.8 


9.8 


Four Year Institutions 


120,026 


80,432 


61,688 


49.2 


94.6 


Junior Colleges 


66,792 


53,523 


21,186 


24.8 


215.3 


Public 


65,058 


52,264 


20,374 


24.5 


219.3 


Private 


1,734 


1,259 


812 


37.7 


113.5 



(1) 



Fall of each year stated. 



Source: Maryland State Department of Education, State-Accredited Maryland 
Colleges and Universities for 1974 and 1975. 



Maryland State Department of Education, Division of Research, Evalua- 
tion, and Information Systems, Public School Enrollment September 30. 
1974 (May 1975); Nonpublic School Enrollment September 30, 1974 
(February 1975). 



-29- 



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-30- 



NO. 25 

AVERAGE NUMBER OF PUPILS BELONGING PER TEACHER AND PRINCIPAL, 
MARYLAND PUBLIC SCHOOLS, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1974-1975 SCHOOL YEAR 



POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



TOTAL 



ELEMENTARY 



SECONDARY 



Maryland 



19.8 



20.6 



19.0 



Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore 
Calvert 



20.1 
20.6 
21.0 
19.1 
20.7 



21.3 
21.6 
19.2 
20.3 
23.0 



19.0 
19.5 
21.8 
18.1 
18.3 



Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 



20.1 
19.5 
22.0 
21.3 
18.3 



20.9 
23.6 
22.5 
25.4 
18.8 



19.3 
16.3 
21.4 
17.6 
17.9 



Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 



20.5 
19.3 
19.4 
19.7 
17.8 



20.7 
18.6 
21.2 
20.4 
17.2 



20.3 
20.3 
17.5 
18.9 
18.5 



Montgomery 
Prince George's 
Queen Anne's 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 



18.8 
19.8 
19.5 
20.4 
19.7 



19.9 
20.1 
19.6 
25.1 
22.4 



17.7 
19.5 
19.3 
16.1 
17.4 



Talbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 



16.5 
20.1 
19.1 

17.7 



18.3 
22.8 
19.8 
18.0 



15.0 
17.8 
18.3 
17.3 



Source: Unpublished data furnished by Maryland State Department of Education. 



-31- 



NO. 26 

ELEMENTARY AND HIGH SCHOOL TEACHERS AND 
PRINCIPALS IN MARYLAND PUBLIC SCHOOLS, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 

FALL 1974 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 



1974 



1967 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1974/1967 



Maryland 



45,094 



37,931 



18.9 



Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore 
Calvert 



815 
3,787 
8,267 
6,589 

331 



743 
2,919 
8,026 
5,775 

242 



9.7 
29.7 

3.0 
14.1 
36.7 



Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 



264 
959 
614 
789 
338 



245 
694 
519 
502 
281 



7.6 
38.2 
18.3 
57.2 
20.2 



Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 



1,076 

297 

1,722 

1,174 

205 



873 
222 
1,188 
608 
179 



23.2 
33.8 
45.0 
93.2 
14.2 



Montgomery 
Prince George's 
Queen Anne's 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 



6,627 

7,636 

239 

592 

224 



5,571 

6,378 

230 

414 

197 



19.0 
19.7 
3.7 
43.0 
13.7 



Talbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 



291 
167 
722 
369 



216 

1,011 

581 

317 



34.7 
15.4 
24.3 
16.4 



Source: Maryland State Department of Education, Division of Research, Evaluation, 
and Information Systems, Staff Employed at School and Central Office 
Levels 1974-75 , February 1975 report. 



-32- 



NO. 27 

COST PER PUPIL BELONGING, CURRENT EXPENSES, MARYLAND PUBLIC DAY SCHOOLS, 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1973-1974 SCHOOL YEAR 



POLITICAL PER CENT RECEIVED 

SUBDIVISION TOTAL FROM STATE 



Maryland $1,117 34.8 

Montgomery 1,504 22.6 

Baltimore 1,220 28.4 

Prince George's 1,162 31.4 

Howard 1,124 28.0 

Talbot 1,104 30.4 

Dorchester 1,083 40.1 

Calvert 1,049 40.4 

Anne Arundel 1,030 38.4 

Worcester 1,027 31.1 

Kent 1,027 41.7 

Charles 1,012 38.0 

Washington 1,005 41.1 

Allegany 993 41.9 

Frederick 992 35.5 

Harford 985 39.6 

Carroll 972 40.9 

Baltimore City 951 48.1 

Queen Anne's 939 41.7 

Wicomico 914 45.5 

St. Mary's 897 45.0 

Somerset 888 51.0 

Cecil 880 47.3 

Caroline 873 55.2 

Garrett 798 56.7 



Source: Maryland State Department of Education, Facts About Maryland Public 
Education, 1974-1975. 



-33- 



NO. 28 

AVERAGE SALARY ( 1 ) PER TEACHER AND PRINCIPAL, MARYLAND PUBLIC SCHOOLS, 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1973-1974 SCHOOL YEAR 







ALL PUBLIC SCHOOLS 


ELEMENTARY 




SECONDARY 




POLITICAL 




PRIN- 


TEA- 




PRIN- 


TEA- 




PRIN- 


TEA- 


SUBDIVISION 


TOTAL 


CIPALS ( 2 ) 


CHERS 


TOTAL 


CIPALS ( 2 ) 


CHERS 


TOTAL 


CIPALS (2) 


CHERS 


Maryland 


$12,004 


$19,988 


$11,602 


$11,751 


$20,157 


$11,252 


$13,335 


$19,759 


$11,944 


Allegany 


10,957 


16,147 


10,674 


10,758 


15,552 


10,434 


11,130 


16,930 


10,877 


Anne Arundel 


11,721 


18,665 


11,436 


11,617 


18,336 


11,237 


11,823 


19,357 


11,628 


Baltimore City 


10,325 


17,372 


10,044 


10,469 


18,978 


10,042 


10,179 


14,685 


10,045 


Baltimore 


12,837 


22,415 


12,303 


12,510 


18,261 


11,800 


13,123 


22,611 


12,729 


Calvert 


10,586 


17,297 


10,070 


10,460 


16,449 


9,868 


10,636 


18,485 


10,178 


Caroline 


9,255 


14,599 


8,987 


9,083 


14,933 


8,832 


9,426 


14,347 


9,144 


Carroll 


10,673 


17,620 


10,328 


10,546 


17,217 


10,142 


10,770 


18,057 


10,456 


Cecil 


10,578 


17,275 


10,200 


10,299 


17,327 


9,917 


10,844 


17,228 


10,471 


Charles 


11,835 


19,143 


11,409 


11,396 


17,908 


11,009 


12,202 


20,209 


11,742 


Dorchester 


10,567 


15,263 


10,286 


10,557 


15,113 


10,309 


10,576 


15,384 


10,265 


Frederick 


12,412 


18,199 


12,032 


11,633 


19,548 


11,042 


13,503 


15,565 


13,414 


Garrett 


9,481 


15,163 


9,237 


9,248 


14,850 


8,998 


9,783 


15,600 


9,544 


Harford 


11,745 


18,111 


11,428 


11,576 


16,932 


11,235 


11,909 


20,076 


11,612 


Howard 


11,734 


19,119 


11,314 


11,573 


20,953 


11,142 


11,866 


18,052 


11,458 


Kent 


10,384 


16,285 


10,106 


10,301 


13,025 


10,132 


10,572 


21,176 


10,075 


Montgomery 


14,543 


23,841 


14,067 


13,907 


24,130 


13,316 


15,099 


23,523 


14,715 


Prince George's 


12,627 


22,234 


12,140 


12,416 


22,084 


11,874 


12,861 


22,441 


12,433 


Queen Anne's 


9,526 


16,922 


9,145 


7,643 


16,621 


7,164 


11,577 


17,274 


11,294 


St. Mary's 


10,104 


15,717 


9,773 


10,066 


16,567 


9,670 


10,139 


14,891 


9,867 


Somerset 


9,368 


11,839 


9,077 


9,686 


11,560 


9,366 


9,132 


12,202 


8,853 


Talbot 


10,413 


15,757 


10,138 


10,092 


16,325 


9,838 


10,704 


15,140 


10,416 


Washington 


11,390 


17,598 


11,033 


10,659 


16,758 


10,247 


12,017 


18,573 


11,695 


Wicomico 


10,334 


14,480 


10,031 


10,640 


14,838 


10,262 


10,113 


13,920 


9,897 


Worcester 


10,447 


17,335 


10,119 


9,942 


16,838 


9,652 


10,947 


17,728 


10,586 



*■ 'Excludes aides. 

^ 'Includes principals and vice principals classified according to time spent in 
teaching and administrative responsibilities. 

Source: Maryland State Department of Education, Division of Research, Evaluation, 
and Information Systems, Selected Financial Data, Maryland Public Schools 
1973-74 Part III (April 1975). 



-34- 



NO. 29 

HOLDING POWER OF PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOLS IN MARYLAND, 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1974 



1974 
SUBDIVISION PER CENT 



Allegany 90.9 

Anne Arundel 84.9 

Baltimore City 63.9 

Baltimore 84.8 

Calvert 64.8 

Caroline 76.9 

Carroll 88.6 

Cecil 71.0 

Charles 72.8 

Dorchester 73.7 

Frederick 91.3 

Garrett 83.9 

Harford 73.6 

Howard 93.6 

Kent 83.0 

Montgomery 99.0 

Prince George's 74.4 

Queen Anne's 71.2 

St. Mary's 64.1 

Somerset 73.1 

Talbot 75.4 

Washington 76.2 

Wicomico 73.7 

Worcester 77.9 

MARYLAND 79.8 

Holding power refers to the number of graduates as percentage of ninth grade 
enrollment four years earlier. 

Source: Maryland Department of Education, Facts About Maryland Public 
Education , 1974-75, (Linthicum Heights , annual). 



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-36- 



NO. 31 

SOURCE OF CURRENT FUNDS AND DISBURSEMENTS, MARYLAND 
PUBLIC SCHOOLS: SCHOOL YEAR 1973-1974 



INCOME SOURCE OR 
DISBURSEMENT 



AMOUNT 
($) 



PER CENT OF 
TOTAL 



Income Source 

Federal Funds 

State Funds 

Local Funds 
Disburs ements 

Instruction 

Maintenance and Operation 

Other CD 

Pupil Transportation 

Administration 



$ 78,363,243 
375,837,024 
623,417,932 

698,474,275 

128,485,523 

156,806,448 

44,904,742 

25,005,132 



7.3 
34.9 
57.8 

66.3 

12.2 

14.9 

4.2 

2.4 



(1) 



Includes fixed charges, outgoing transfers, pupil personnel services, health 
services, food services, student body activities, community services, food 
service programs, teachers retirement and Social Security. 



Source: Maryland State Department of Education, Facts About Maryland Public 
Education, 1973-1974. 



-37- 



NO. 32 

CAPITAL EXPENDITURES, MARYLAND PUBLIC SCHOOLS, BY 
POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1973-1974 SCHOOL YEAR 



POLITICAL 








ADMINISTRATION 


SUBDIVISION 


TOTAL 


ELEMENTARY 


HIGH 


BUILDINGS 


Maryland 


$161,451,564 


$66,409,246 


$87,796,577 


$7 


,245,741 


Allegany 


3,713,835 


2,723,744 


255,429 




734,662 


Anne Arundel 


25,496,192 


3,046,171 


18,051,795 


4 


,398,226 


Baltimore City 


19,423,333 


15,329,820 


4,073,146 




20,367 


Baltimore 


11,702,462 


5,107,122 


6,307,335 




288,005 


Calvert 


654,857 


282,441 


318,324 




54,092 


Caroline 


2,822,378 


1,562,939 


1,259,439 




— 


Carroll 


7,813,804 


1,902,152 


5,694,265 




217,387 


Cecil 


1,778,772 


527,040 


1,246,789 




4,943 


Charles 


3,680,424 


3,115,832 


523,204 




41,388 


Dorchester 


2,511,482 


1,577,466 


933,436 




580 


Frederick 


7,838,771 


4,617,189 


3,176,441 




45,141 


Garrett 


300,707 


130,758 


162,103 




7,846 


Harford 


5,464,363 


2,577,508 


2,879,443 




7,412 


Howard 


13,525,736 


3,783,169 


9,741,501 




1,066 


Kent 


1,464,394 


787,846 


669,513 




7,035 


Montgomery 


23,217,453 


8,089,893 


14,564,958 




562,602 


Prince George's 


22,022,165 


7,650,001 


13,525,158 




847,006 


Queen Anne's 


311,140 


121,826 


189,314 




- 


St. Mary's 


3,227,969 


534,448 


2,691,860 




1,661 


Somerset 


73,502 


2,140 


71,362 




— 


Talbot 


149,832 


19,396 


130,436 




- 


Washington 


2,399,785 


1,446,772 


953,013 




- 


Wicomico 


1,710,820 


1,401,822 


304,825 




4,173 


Worcester 


147,388 


71,751 


73,488 




2,149 


Source : Maryland 


State Department 


of Education, Division of Resean 


:h, Evaluation, 


and Info: 


rmation Systems, 
Part II (January 


Selected Financial 


Data, Maryland 


Public 


Schools 


1973-74, 


1975). 









-38- 



NO. 33 
ENROLLMENT IN STATE ACCREDITED TWO YEAR COLLEGES: OCTOBER 1974 



COLLEGE 





FULL TIME 


PART TIME 


TOTAL 


TOTAL 


TOTAL (3) 


1,299 


851 


448 


4,716 


1,877 


2,839 


1,002 


869 


133 


8,560 


2,474 


6,086 


1,012 


279 


733 


1,457 


447 


1,010 


652 


292 


360 


8,309 


2,571 


5,738 


1,364 


358 


1,006 


7,248 


2,687 


4,561 


1,441 


515 


926 


313 


145 


168 


355 


355 





1,744 


794 


950 


2,818 


1,027 


1,791 


1,459 


429 


1,030 


12,629 


5,804 


6,825 


9,660 


3,687 


5,973 


377 


238 


139 



Allegany Community College '-■-' 
Anne Arundel Community College' 1 ' 
Bay College of Maryland (2) 
Catonsville Community College' 1 ' 
Cecil Community College (*-' 

Charles County Community College v 1 ' 
Chesapeake College 
Community College of Baltimore' 1 ' 
Dundalk Community College' - 1 -' 
Essex Community College' 1 ' 

Frederick Community College (!) 
Garrett Community College (1) 
Hagerstown Business College (2) 
Hagerstown Junior CollegeC 1 ) 
Harford Community College (1) 

Howard Community College v 1 ) 
Montgomery College (1) 
Prince George's Community CollegeC 1 ) 
Villa Julie College(2) 



(^Public. 

'^'Private. 

Source: Maryland State Department of Education, State Accredited Maryland Colleges 
and Universities , January 1975. 



-39- 



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-41- 



NO. 35 

FOUR YEAR STATE ACCREDITED COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES IN MARYLAND: 1975 



COLLEGE OR UNIVERSITY 



PUBLIC MEN (M) 

OR WOMEN (W) 

PRIVATE COED (C) 



NUMBER 
DEGREES 


EARNED DEGREES 
TYPE^ 1 ) 
OFFERED 


81 


B, 


M 


22 


B, 


M 


430 


B, 


M 


56 


A, 


B 


159 


B 




182 


A, 


B 


444 


A, 


B, M 


644 


B, 


M 


256 


B, 


M 


174 


B, 


M 


2,218 


B, 


M, D, P 


720 


B, 


M 


241 


B, 


M 


979 


B, 


M 


325 


B, 


M 


48 


M, 


D, Rabbi 


80 


B, 


M, D 


63 


B, 


M 


203 


B 




138 


B, 


M, D, L 


430 


B, 


M 



Antioch College 

Baltimore Hebrew College 

Bowie State College 

Capitol Institute of Technology 

College of Notre Dame of Maryland 

Columbia Union College 

Coppin State College 

Frostburg State College 

Goucher College 

Hood College 

Johns Hopkins University 

Loyola College 

The Maryland Institute 

Morgan State College 

Mount St. Mary's College 

Ner Israel Rabbinical College 

Peabody Institute of the City 
of Baltimore 

St. John's College 

St. Mary's College of Maryland 

St. Mary's Seminary & University 

Salisbury State College 



Private 


C 


Private 


C 


Public 


C 


Private 


C 


Private 


W 


Private 


C 


Public 


c 


Public 


c 


Private 


W<2) 


Private 


w 


Private 


c 


Private 


c 


Private 


c 


Public 


c 


Private 


c 


Private 


M 


Private 


C 


Private 


C 


Public 


C 


Private 


M(3) 


Public 


c 



(continued on following page) 



-42- 



NO. 35 
FOUR YEAR STATE ACCREDITED COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES IN MARYLAND: 1975 (Cont'd.) 



COLLEGE OR UNIVERSITY 



PUBLIC MEN (M) 

OR WOMEN (W) 

PRIVATE COED (C) 



NUMBER 
DEGREES 


earned degrees 
typeC 1 ) 

OFFERED 


1,906 


B, 


M 


1,052 


A, 


B, M, D 


11,581 


A, 


B, M, D, P 


45 


B, 


M 


182 


B, 


M 


360 


B, 


M 



Towson State College 
University of Baltimore 
University of Maryland 
Washington Bible College 
Washington College 
Western Maryland College 



Public 


C 


Private 


C 


Public 


C 


Private 


C 


Private 


C 


Private 


C 



A-Associate 
B-Bachelor 's 
D-Doctor's 
L-Licentiate 
P-Professional School 
M-Master's 

^ ■'Graduate School is coeducational. 

(3) 

Evening classes are coeducational. 

Source: Maryland State Department of Education: State-Accredited Maryland Colleges 
and Universities , January 1975. 
Maryland Council on Higher Education, July 1, 1973 - June 30, 1974. 



-43- 



HEALTH SERVICES 

During the 1974 Fiscal Year Maryland's hospitals for the mentally ill 
treated over 20,600 patients, an increase of some 10 per cent over the number 
of patients treated roughly a decade ago. About 18,700 patients were treated 
at these facilities during fiscal 1963. However, due to shortened periods of 
hospitalization of new admissions and the gradual continuing decrease in the 
number of long term patients, the average daily size of the patient population 
declined 34.9 per cent during this time period, from 8,218 to 5,352. 

It is generally believed that the rate of occurrence of most mental 
illnesses has not changed appreciably and that these expanding figures reflect 
the growing acceptance and usage of psychiatric hospitals and clinics for 
the short term intensive treatment of alcoholism and acute psychoneurotic and 
personality disturbances. 

This section of the Abstract is expanded from earlier editions to include 
general health care as well as mental health care. Overall there were more 
than 24,500 hospital beds in the State as of May 31, 1975, and there were 
nearly 22,800 additional beds in other types of health care facilities here. 
And, according to the most recent data available (1972), there were, 
on a State-wide average, 754 Marylanders per physician providing 
direct patient care. As one might expect, there is considerable 
variation among the political subdivisions of the State. 



-44- 



NO. 36 

DISTRIBUTION OF PHYSICIANS, AND NUMBER OF BEDS 
IN HOSPITALS IN MARYLAND, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 





NUMBER OF 




BEDS(l) 


POLITICAL 




IN 


SUBDIVISION 


HOSPITALS 


Allegany 




671 


Anne Arundel 


1 


,516 


Baltimore City 


8 


,121 


Baltimore 


5 


,981 


Calvert 




78 


Caroline 







Carroll 


2 


,274 


Cecil 




109 


Charles 




56 


Dorchester 




561 


Frederick 




197 


Garrett 




72 


Harford 




434 


Howard 




483 


Kent 




80 


Montgomery 


1 


,361 


Prince George's 


1 


,066 


Queen Anne's 







St. Mary's 




78 


Somerset 




36 


Talbot 




196 


Washington 




586 


Wicomico 




603 


Worcester 








NUMBER OF 


PERSONS PER 


BEDS(l) IN 


PHYSICIAN PRO- 


LICENSED 


VIDING DIRECT 


INSTITUTIONS ( 3 ) 


PATIENT CARE^ 2 ) 


283 


977 


786 


1,213 


5,633 


591 


6,497 


816 


91 


3,267 


69 


3,342 


825 


1,137 


136 


1,194 





2,552 


191 


1,003 


397 


1,261 


199 


3,136 


295 


1,284 


16 


1,524 


32 


1,109 


3,313 


403 


1,700 


1,519 


23 


3,810 


46 


1,491 


64 


2,092 


430 


499 


1,143 


1,010 


565 


592 


48 


2,063 



MARYLAND 



24,559 



22,782 



754 



(1) 



As of May 31, 1975. 



( 2 )For the year 1972. 

{■*) Includes Nursing Homes, Intermediate Care Facilities, Domiciliary Care, and 
Residential Treatment Centers for Emotionally Disturbed Children and/or 
Adolescents. 



Sources: Maryland State Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Division of 

Licensing and Certification, Directory of Acute General Hospitals and 
Special Hospitals . 

Maryland State Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Division of 
Licensing and Certification, Directory of Licensed Institutions . 

A Health Services Policy Plan for the State of Maryland, Volume 1: 
Report of the Multidisciplinary Health Planning Group of the Johns 
Hopkins University, June 1974. 

-45- 



NO. 37 

PATIENT POPULATION, STATE HOSPITALS FOR THE 
MENTALLY ILL: FISCAL YEARS 1974, 1973, 1971, 1969, 1967, 1963 



AVERAGE SIZE OF TOTAL NUMBER TOTAL 

FISCAL YEAR PATIENT POPULATION TREATED ADMISSIONS SEPARATIONS 



1974 




5,352 


1973 




5,675 


1971 




6,647 


1969 




7,451 


1967 




8,006 


1963 




8,218 


PER CENT 


CHANGES 




1974/1973 


-5.7 


1974/1963 


-34.9 



20,660 


12,512 


13,499 


21,987 


13,079 


13,900 


27,558 


16,322 


17,605 


25,541 


14,085 


14,130 


22,899 


11,091 


11,298 


18,726 


7,257 


7,173 



-6.0 -4.3 -2.9 
10.3 72.4 88.2 



Source: Maryland Department of Mental Hygiene, statistical reports for various 
fiscal years. 



-46- 



CLIMATE OF MARYLAND 

Maryland lies in the region midway between the rigorous climates of the 
North and the mild climates of the South. Since it is located in the middle 
latitudes where the general atmospheric flow is from West to East across 
North America, it has a continental type of climate with its marked temperature 
contrast between summer and winter; however, two important bodies of water, 
the Chesapeake Bay and the Atlantic Ocean have an important modifying control 
on the climate, especially by moderating extreme temperatures of adjacent areas. 

The average annual temperature ranges from 48° F in the Garrett County area 
to 58 F in the lower Chesapeake Bay area. The highest temperature on record 
is 109 recorded at several places in Allegany and Frederick Counties while 
the lowest is -40° F at Oakland, Garrett County. Based on the 1931 - 1960 
period, the average annual precipitation ranges from as much as 46 to 49 
inches at opposite ends of the State, Allegany Plateau and Southern Eastern 
Shore, to as little as 36 inches in the Cumberland area located in the "rain 
shadow" just to the east of the Allegany Plateau. Elsewhere over the State, 
the annual precipitation ranges monthly between 40 to 44 inches. Monthly 
distribution is quite uniform, averaging between 2 and 4 inches each month 
and reaching a maximum between 4 and 5 1/2 inches in July or August. Annual 
snowfall ranges from a minimum of 8 to 10 inches along the coastal areas of 
southern Eastern Shore to a maximum of near 100 inches in parts of Garrett 
County. 

Prevailing winds are mostly from the west-northwest to northwest 
except during the months of May through September when they become more southerly. 
Damaging or dangerous storms, such as tornadoes, hurricanes, and blizzards, 
are infrequent. 



-47- 



The climate of Maryland is a dependable natural resource which provides 
an excellent setting for the agricultural, industrial, commercial and recreational 
activities of its citizens. 

Included within this section is a rather detailed table showing cloud cover 
conditions in Maryland. It is indeed interesting to note the variations in the 
amount of cloud cover from region to region. These conditions determine the 
feasibility of many horticultural projects. 



-48- 



NO. 38 

LOCATION OF MARYLAND WEATHER STATIONS FOR WHICH 
CLIMATOLOGICAL DATA ARE PRESENTED 



STATION 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 



LATITUDE 
(NORTH) 



LONGTITUDE 
(WEST) 



ELEVATION 
(FEET) 



Annapolis (U. S. Naval 
Academy) 

Baltimore Weather Bureau 
(City Office Customs 
House) 

Baltimore Weather Bureau 
(Baltimore-Washington 
International Airport) 

Boyds (2 miles northwest) 

Cambridge 

Centreville 

Chestertown 

Clarksville (3 miles 
north-northeast) 

College Park 

Conowingo Dam 

Crisfield Dam 

Cumberland 

Denton 

Easton 

Elkton 

Frederick 

Frostburg 

Hagerstown 

Hancock 

la Plata 



Anne Arundel 



Baltimore City 



Orn» 



38 u 59 



39°17' 



O on i 



76 u 29 



76°37' 



40 



14 



Anne Arundel 


39°11' 


76°40' 


148 


Montgomery 


30°12' 


77°20' 


580 


Dorchester 


38°34' 


76°09' 


5 


Queen Anne' s 


39°03' 


76°03' 


46 


Kent 


39°13' 


76°04' 


35 


Howard 


39°15' 


76°56' 


365 


Prince George's 


38°59' 


76°56' 


70 


Harford 


39°39' 


76°10' 


40 


Somerset 


37°59' 


75°52' 


7 


Allegany 


39°39' 


78°45' 


945 


Caroline 


38°54' 


75°51' 


40 


Talbot 


38°45' 


76°04' 


40 


Cecil 


39°30' 


75°50' 


28 


Frederick 


39°25' 


71°28' 


435 


Allegany 


39°39' 


78°56' 


2,035 


Washington 


39°38' 


77°41' 


560 


Washington 


39°42' 


78°11' 


428 


Charles 


38°32' 


77°00' 


140 



(continued on following page) 



-49- 



NO. 38 

LOCATION OF MARYLAND WEATHER STATIONS FOR WHICH 
CLIMATOLOGICAL DATA ARE PRESENTED (Cont'd.) 





STATION 


POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 


LATITUDE 
(NORTH) 


LONGTITUDE 
(WEST) 


ELEVATION 
(FEET) 


Leonardtown 


St. Mary's 


38°19' 


76°40' 


40 


Millington 


Kent 


39°16' 


75°51' 


30 


Oakland 


Garrett 


39°24' 


o 
79 24' 


2,420 


Ocean City 


Worcester 


38°20' 


75°05' 


17 


Owings Ferry Landing 


Calvert 


38°42' 


76°41' 


120 


Princess Anne 


Somerset 


38°13' 


75°41' 


20 


Salisbury 


Wicomico 


38°22' 


75°35' 


10 


Snow Hill 


Worcester 


38°11' 


75°24' 


14 


Solomons 


Calvert 


38°19' 


o 
76 27' 


12 


Towson 


Baltimore 


39°24' 


76°37' 


410 


Washington 

(National Airport) 


District of 
Columbia 


38°51' 


77°02' 


10 


Westminster 


Carroll 


39°35' 


o 
77 oo' 


770 


Woodstock 


Baltimore 


39°20' 


^6°52' 


415 



-50- 



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-65- 



NATURAL RESOURCES 

Maryland's 2,882,000 acres of forest land represent nearly 47 per cent of the 
total land area of the State.. As one might expect, however, there Is considerable 
variance among the political subdivisions. The vast majority of commercial forest 
land is held in private lands (approximately 93.4 per cent) while public owner- 
ship accounts for the remainder. 

Over 80 per cent of the timber in Maryland is of the hardwood varieties, and 
an estimated 188.6 million board feet of lumber were cut during the fiscal year 
ended June 30, 1973. Forest fires are always a threat, and in the 1974 fiscal 
year, 823 such blazes burned a total area of 2,327 acres. All counties suffered 
from these fires, and the causes were primarily carelessness in nature. 

Nearly $132 million worth of minerals were extracted during 1973. The leading 
commodity once again was stone, accounting for 35 per cent of the total. Sand 
and gravel were next as these items accounted for another 22 per cent of the value 
extracted. With the exceptions of Baltimore City and Queen Anne's County, all 
of the political subdivisions shared in mineral production. Major producing 
areas were Baltimore, Frederick, Prince George's, Garrett, and Carroll Counties. 

Maryland touches both the Atlantic Ocean and the Chesapeake Bay. Seafood, 
therefore, becomes a vital resource. As impressive as the data reported herein 
appears to be, the user must be cautioned that there is a substantial under- 
count, what with the large number of sport fishermen active in our waters. 

Data indicate a Maryland catch in 1973 with a dockside value of nearly 
$24 million. The major share of this catch is credited to shellfish which account 
for more than $21 million of the total. Oysters led that year (nearly $13.6 
million), crabs (approximately $3.5 million), and clams (more than $1.7 million). 
Leading finfish catches by value were striped bass (rockf ish) , and menhaden. 



-66- 



NO. 42 

COMMERCIAL FOREST LAND AREA BY STAND-SIZE CLASS 
IN MARYLAND AND NEIGHBORING STATES 
AND THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES: 1970 



STAND-SIZE 
CLASS 



UNITED 




PENNSYL- 






WEST 


STATES 


MARYLAND 


VANIA 


DELAWARE 


VIRGINIA 


VIRGINIA 


499,697 


2,882 


17,478 


390 


15,859 


12,092 


100.00 


0.58 


3.50 


0.08 


3.17 


2,42 


215,867 


1,791 


7,665 


210 


5,308 


5,951 


126,693 


753 


6,081 


128 


5,981 


3,297 


131,368 


297 


3,399 


45 


4,472 


2,596 


20,721 


40 


333 


6 


96 


248 



Total 1,000 Acres 

Per cent of U.S. Total 

Saw timber 
1,000 Acres 

Pole timber 
1,000 Acres 

Seedling & Sapling 
1,000 Acres 

Not Stocked 
1,000 Acres 



Source: U.S. Forest Service, The Outlook for Timber in the United States , pp. 231-232, 
July 1974. 

NO. 43 

FOREST LAND AREA IN MARYLAND AND NEIGHBORING STATES 
AND THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES: 1970 





UNITED 






PENNSYL- 






WEST 




STATES 


MARYLAND 


VANIA 


DELAWARE 


VIRGINIA 


VIRGINIA 




1,000 


1,000 




1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


TYPE 


ACRES 


ACRES 




ACRES 


ACRES 


ACRES 


ACRES 


Total Land Area 


2,270,050 


6,369 




28,816 


1,268 


25,496 


15,413 


Forest Land Area 


753,549 


2,960 




17,832 


391 


16,389 


12,172 


% of all forest land 


33.2 


46.5 




61.9 


30.8 


64.3 


79.0 


Commercial Forest Land 


499,697 


2,882 




17,478 


390 


15,859 


12,092 


% of all forest land 


66.3 


97.4 




98.0 


99.7 


96.8 


99.3 


Non-Commercial Forest 


253,852 


78 




354 


1 


530 


80 


Land 
















% of all forest land 


33.7 


2.6 




2.0 


0.3 


3.2 


0.7 


Reserved forest land 


17,246 


35 




194 


1 


313 


46 


Source: U.S. Forest Service, The Outlook for 


Timber in the 


U.S. , July 


1974. 





-67- 



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-69- 



NO. 46 

NET VOLUME OF LIVE SAWTIMBER IN SAWTIMBER STANDS 

ON COMMERCIAL FOREST LAND IN MARYLAND AND NEIGHBORING STATES 

AND THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES: 1970 



STAND-SIZE 
CLASS 



WEST 
UNITED STATES MARYLAND PENNSYLVANIA DELAWARE VIRGINIA VIRGINIA 



Sawtimber Million 


2,420,766 


6,962 


29,616 


Bd. Ft. 










Per Cent 


of U.S. 


100.00 


0.29 


1.22 


Total 










Softwood 




1,905,289 


1,281 


3,434 


Per Cent 


of U.S. 


100.00 


0.07 


0.18 


Total 










Hardwood 




515,477 


5,681 


26,182 


Per Cent 


of U.S. 


100.00 


1.10 


5.08 


Total 











1,361 39,227 35,686 



0.06 



1.62 



1.47 



460 11,885 1,836 

0.02 0.62 0.10 

901 27,343 33,850 

0.17 5.30 6.57 



Source: U.S. Forest Service, The Outlook for Timber in the United States, July 1974. 



-70- 



NO. 47 

NET VOLUME OF SAWTIMBER ON COMMERCIAL TIMBERLAND IN MARYLAND, BY 

SPECIES AS OF JANUARY 1, 1970 



SPECIES 



SAWTIMBER 






GROWING STOCK 


MILLION BD. FT 






MILLION CU. FT 


1,281 


Eastern Softwoods, Total 




531 


798 


Shortleaf & Loblolly 


Pines 


308 


432 


Other Yellow Pines 






192 


21 


Eastern Hemlock 






20 


30 


Other Eastern Softwoods 




11 


5,681 


Eastern Hardwoods, Total 


12 


,543 


755 


Select White Oaks 






341 


508 


Select Red Oaks 






191 


391 


Other White Oaks 






200 


1,008 


Other Red Oaks 






435 


240 


Hickory 






109 


21 


Hard Maple 






21 


132 


Soft Maple 






148 


173 


Beech 






75 


461 


Sweetgum 






229 


236 


Tupelo and Blackgum 






112 


72 


Ash 






56 


12 


Cottonwood and Aspen 






17 


1,319 


Yellow Poplar 






407 


59 


Black Walnut 






27 


294 


Other 






175 



Total Softwoods 

Shortleaf & Loblolly Pine 
Other Yellow Pine 
Eastern Hemlock 
Other Eastern Softwoods 

Total Hardwoods 
Select White Oaks 
Select Red Oaks 
Other White Oaks 
Other Red Oaks 
Hickory 
Hard Maple 
Soft Maple 
Beech 
Sweetgum 

Tupelo and Blackgum 
Ash 

Cottonwood and Aspen 
Yellow Poplar 
Black Walnut 
Other Eastern Hardwoods 



Source: U.S. Forest Service, The Outlook for Timber in the United States , July 1974, 
Appendix I, Table 17, Table 19. 



-71- 



NO. 48 

ANNUAL CUT AND NET ANNUAL GROWTH OF GROWING STOCK ON 
COMMERCIAL FOREST LAND, MARYLAND, BY SPECIES GROUP: 1970 



ANNUAL CUT NET GROWTH 

CUBIC FEET CUBIC FEET 

SPECIES GROUP (1,000) (1,000) 



All Species 75,572 106,499 

Softwoods 30,774 16,576 

Hardwoods 44,798 89,923 



Source: U.S. Forest Service, Outlook for Timber in the United States , July 1974, 
Table 25. 



NO. 49 

ANNUAL CUT AND NET ANNUAL GROWTH OF LIVE SAWTIMBER ON 
COMMERCIAL FOREST LAND, MARYLAND, BY SPECIES GROUP: 1970 



ANNUAL CUT NET GROWTH 

BOARD FEET BOARD FEET 

SPECIES GROUP (1,000) (1,000) 



All Species 320,585 268,053 

Softwoods 126,837 43,019 

Hardwoods 193,748 225,034 



Source: U.S. Forest Service, Outlook for Timber in the United States , July 1974, 
Table 26. 



-72- 



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-73- 



NO. 51 

NUMBER OF FOREST FIRES AND AREA BURNED IN MARYLAND. 
POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: YEARS 1974 AND 1967 



BY 







NUMBER OF 


AREA BURNED 


NUMBER OF 


AREA BURNED 


POLITICAL 


FIRES 


1974 (D 


FIRES 


1967< 2 ) 


SUBDIVISION 


1974 


(ACRES) 


1967 


(ACRES) 


Maryland 


823< 3) 


2,327 


631 


1,358 


Allegany 


28 


135 


35 


195 


Anne Arundel 


55 


883 


17 


73 


Baltimore 


120 


65 


69 


71 


Calvert 


7 


19 


6 


18 


Caroline 


29 


13 


13 


23 


Carroll 


12 


14 


20 


28 


Cecil 


44 


98 


22 


80 


Charles 


33 


39 


18 


56 


Dorchester 


35 


114 


38 


113 


Frederick 


49 


28 


32 


42 


Garrett 


18 


25 


21 


93 


Harford 


49 


32 


69 


69 


Howard 


22 


40 


13 


61 


Kent 


5 


72 


4 


4 


Montgomery 


41 


62 


16 


37 


Prince George's 


56 


81 


32 


102 


Queen Anne's 


13 


14 


14 


41 


Somerset 


54 


215 


45 


92 


St. Mary's 


11 


67 


2 


11 


Talbot 


47 


21 


10 


21 


Washington 


16 


25 


20 


34 


Wicomico 


56 


181 


82 


61 


Worcester 


23 


84 


33 


34 



' 'Fiscal Year ending June 30, 1974. 

'^Fiscal Year ending June 30, 1967. 
'■^Woodland endangered not included. 

Source: State of Maryland, 1974 Fall Forest Fire Report . 

State of Maryland, 1974 Spring Forest Fire Report , 



-74- 



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-75- 



NO. 53 

NUMBER OF COMMERCIAL FISHERMEN AND GEAR IN MARYLAND; 
1972, 1970, 1960, AND 1950 






ITEM 



1972 



1970 



1960 



1950 



Total Fishermen 



13,381 



11,668 



9,096 



8,607 



Vessels - Motor 

Vessels - Sail 

Boats 

Haul Seines 

Gill Nets: Anchor, Stake or Set 

Drift Gill Nets 
Hand Lines 
Crab Trot Lines 
Pound Nets 

Fyke and Hoop Nets 
Dip Nets 
Crab Pots 
Eel Traps 
Fish Pots 

Turtle Pots 
Scrapes 
Clam Dredges 
Crab Dredges 
Oyster Dredges 

Oyster Tongs 
Other Tongs 
Rakes 
Otter Trawls 



866 


721 


389 


23 


35 


39 


61 


113 


8,743 


8,836 


5,798 


6,011 


88 


97 


113 


279 


2,978 


1,961 


1,759 


593 


332 


393 


431 


335 


75 


434 


452 


235 


7,984 


5,583 


1,983 


1,131 


194 


219 


316 


592 


1,218 


306 


1,488 


373 


155 


110 


252 


711 


94,795 


86,160 


58,000 


24,030 


9,750 


9,386 


6,796 


20,293 


2,607 


2,309 


600 


510 


80 


75 


249 


133 


315 


86 


462 


408 


183 


277 


199 


4 


- 


- 


11 


N/A 


132 


122 


216 


306 


3,798 


4,263 


4,698 


4,008 


2 


61 


145 


60 


6 


- 


6 


98 


10 


23 


33 


13 



Source: U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Chesapeake 
Fisheries , for years reported. 



-76- 



NO. 54 
FISH CATCH IN MARYLAND, BY QUANTITY: 1973, 1972 AND 1971 



SPECIES 



1971 
(1,000 POUNDS) 



1972 
(1,000 POUNDS) 



1973 
(1,000 POUNDS) 



Total, All Species 



75,113 



69,987 



69,856 



Finfish 




16,180 


16 


,254 


20 


,308 


Alewives 




2,810 


1 


,690 


2 


,030 


Bluef ish 




141 




58 




277 


Butterfish 




19 




5 




7 


Carp 




203 




159 




150 


Catfish and Bullheads 


415 




465 




295 


Cod 




4 




5 




7 


Crappie 




14 




4 




3 


Drum, Black 




1 




1 




1 


Eels, Common 




234 




230 




180 


Flounder 




314 




280 




500 


Gizzard Shad 




15 




20 




79 


Hake, Red 




19 




35 




15 


Herring, Sea 




1 




3 




15 


Hickory Shad 




11 




23 




27 


Mackerel, Bost 


on 


10 




7 




20 


Menhaden 




5,958 


7 


,104 


9 


,687 


Pike or Pickerel 


- 




- 




- 


Scup (Porgy) 




27 




1 




1 


Sea Bass 




140 




227 




207 


Sea Robin 




- 




- 




- 


Sea Trout 




480 




313 




539 


Shad 




953 




957 




597 


Sharks 




33 




78 




71 


Spanish Macker 


el 


1 




.4 




.1 


Spot 




22 




74 




27 


Striped Bass 




2,743 


3 


,229 


4 


,702 


Sturgeon 




3 




3 




8 


Sunf ish 




7 




3 




6 


Swellfish 




61 




7 




- 


Tuna, Bluef in 




- 




- 




- 


White Perch 




1,508 


1 


,127 




764 


Whiting 




6 




8 




4 


Yellow Perch 




87 




101 




55 


Unclassified: 


For Food 


5 




6 




5 


Unclassified: 


For Bait, Reduction 


and 1 




2 




- 


Animal Food 














Other Species (1) 


8 




24 




47 



(continued on following page) 



-77- 



NO. 54 
FISH CATCH IN MARYLAND, BY QUANTITY: 1973, 1972 AND 1971 (Cont'd.) 



SPECIES 



1971 
(1,000 POUNDS) 



1972 
(1,000 POUNDS) 



1973 
(1,000 POUNDS) 



Shellfish 

Crabs, Blue 

Hard 

Soft and Peeler 
Lobsters 
Clam Meats 

Hard 

Soft 

Surf 
Oyster Meats, Market 
Other Species (2) 



58,931 



53,732 



49,548 



27,605 


25,481 


20,723 


26,075 


23,482 


19,218 


1,530 


1,575 


1,505 


28 


21 


24 


14,069 


9,468 


8,185 


332 


188 


68 


5,986 


1,959 


669 


7,751 


7,331 


7,448 


17,116 


19,053 


20,422 


113 


134 


194 



Note: In addition 2,968,949 bushels of oysters were landed in 1973. A Maryland Oyster 
Bushel contains 2,800.7 cubic inches. 



(1) 



(2) 



Include Croaker, Hogchoker, King Whiting, Mullet, 1 Suckers, and Tautog. 
Include Conch Meats, Squid, Diamond-Back Terrapin, and Snapper Turtles, 



Source: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in conjunction 
with Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Maryland Landings, 1973 . 
National Marine Fisheries Service unpublished data June, 1975. 



-78- 



NO. 55 
FISH CATCH IN MARYLAND, BY VAIDE: 1973 AND 1972 



1973 


1972 


($) 


($) 


23,752,188 


21,030,088 


2,414,692 


1,762,817 


38,358 


33,772 


23,103 


5,723 


1,367 


744 


3,195 


3,388 


31,194 


47,469 


366 


955 


642 


535 


135 


67 


44,376 


33,120 


152,340 


103,658 


1,562 


400 


592 


1,320 


415 


53 


3,215 


1,624 


3,513 


1,419 


216,708 


142,468 


64 


46 


66,191 


63,286 


74,839 


34,072 


105,695 


118,213 


3,626 


3,862 


31 


83 


5,233 


11,838 


1,459,034 


929,290 


909 


467 


528 


270 


- 


844 


162,844 


207,933 


570 


994 


7,105 


13,325 


572 


595 


- 


50 



Total, All Species 

Finfish 
Alewives 
Bluefish 
Butterf ish 
Carp 

Catfish and Bullheads 
Cod 

Crappie 
Drum, Black 
Eels , Common 
Flounder 
Gizzard Shad 
Hake, Red 
Herring, Sea 
Hickory Shad 
Mackerel, Atlantic 
Menhaden 
Pike or Pickerel 
Scup (Porgy) 
Sea Bass 
Sea Robin 
Sea Trout 
Shad 
Sharks 

Spanish Mackerel 
Spot 

Striped Bass 
Sturgeon 
Sunf ish 
Swellfish 
Tuna, Bluefin 
White Perch 
Whiting 
Yellow Perch 
Unclassified: 
Unclassified: 
Animal Food 
Other Species (-*-' 



For Food 

For Bait, Reduction & 



Shellfish 
Crabs, Blue 
Hard 
Soft and Peeler 



6,370 

21,337,496 

3,484,057 

2,724,450 

759,607 



934 

19,267,271 

3,114,209 

2,362,412 

751,797 



(continued on following page) 



-79- 



NO. 55 
FISH CATCH IN MARYLAND, BY VALUE: 1973 AND 1972 (Cont'd.) 



SPECIES 



1973 




1972 


($) 




($) 


32,895 




26,425 


1,762,828 


2 


,261,151 


38,405 




95,872 


557,240 


1 


,014,782 


1,167,183 


1 


,150,497 


13,586,912 


12 


,075,629 


56,112 




27,040 



Lobsters 
Clam Meats 

Hard 

Soft 

Surf 
Oyster Meats, Market 
Other Species (2) 



Include Croaker, Hogchoker, King Whiting, Mullet, Suckers, and Tautog. 

' 2 ) Include Conch Meats, Squid, Diamond-Back Terrapin, and Snapper Turtles. 

Source: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in conjunction 
with Maryland Department of Natural Resources. 



-80- 



NO. 56 
SEAFOOD PROCESSED PRODUCTS, MARYLAND: 1974, 1973, AND 1970 



ITEM 



1974 



1973 



1970 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1973/1974 1970/1974 



Value (In thousands) 

Wholesale and 
Manufacturing 



$83,344 $80,162 $58,206 



184 



Number of Establishments 
Persons Employed 

Average Per Season'-'--' 4,215 
Average Per Year 3,346 



180 

4,035 
3,080 



205 

4,812 
3,790 



4.0 



2.2 

4.5 
8.6 



37.7 



-12.2 

-16.1 
-18.7 



^ ■'Derived from dividing the number of employees reported by the number of months of 
operation. 

Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 
National Marine Fisheries Service, Fishery Statistics of the United States , 
Chesapeake Fisheries , 1970, 1973 annuals, 1974 unpublished data. 



-81- 



NO. 57 

HUNTING AND FISHING LICENSE SALES, MARYLAND: 

YEARS 1970-1974 



FISCAL 



TYPE OF LICENSE 


1974 


1973 


1 972 


1971 


1970 


Hunting 


276,680 


266,612 


279,893 


277,852 


262,093 


County Residents 


ABOLISHED 


7-1-72 


37,983 


41,504 


44,234 


Statewide 


148,225 


146,083 


120,871 


119,677 


111,947 


Junior Statewide 


23,520 


22,902 


22,442 


22,395 


20,875 


Non-resident 


10,684 


10,168 


10,460 


9,760 


9,221 


Regulated Shooting Area 


292 


353 


457 


528 


527 


Duck Blind 


3,192 


3,305 


3,242 


3,325 


3,006 


Pusher 


1 


1 


3 


2 


3 


Sneak Boat 


145 


148 


165 


146 


117 


Deer - Turkey Stamps 


90,621 


83,652 


84,270 


80,515 


72,163 



Fishing 

Total of All Types 
Resident Statewide 
Non-resident 
Seven Day Tourist 
Potomac River' 1 ' 
Trout Stamps 



157,287 


145,949 


152,054 


150,910 


142,275 


122,831 


112,344 


116,237 


114,550 


108,098 


5,729 


5,256 


5,757 


6,305 


6,309 


3,960 


3,230 


4,822 


4,641 


4,623 


204 


409 


911 


1,214 


1,202 


24,563 


24,710 


24,327 


24,200 


22,043 



^Virginia, West Virginia, and Potomac grouped together. 

Source: State of Maryland, Department of Natural Resources, Licensing Division. 



-82- 



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-83- 



NO. 59 

VALUE OF MINERAL PRODUCTION IN MARYLAND, BY POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION: ( 1 ) 1973, 1972 AND 1970 



POLITICAL 1973 1972 1970 

SUBDIVISION ($1,000) ($1,000) ($1,000) 

Maryland $131,907 $115,501 $88,216 

Allegany 4,440 

Anne Arundel 2,836 

Baltimore 26,528 

Calvert 19 

Caroline W 

Carroll 21,991 

Cecil 7,277 

Charles W 

Dorchester 290 

Frederick 17,973 

Garrett 11,554 

Harford 993 

Howard W 

Kent W 

Montgomery W 

Prince George's 13,621 

St. Mary's W 

Somerset - 

Talbot 

Washington W 

Wicomico W 

Worcester 27 

Undistributed ^ 2) 24,357 28,393 35,802 

Data may not add to totals shown because of independent rounding. 

W = Withheld to avoid disclosing individual company confidential data. 

'Baltimore City and Queen Anne's are not listed because no production was 
reported. 

(2) 

v ' Includes some sand and gravel that cannot be assigned to specific counties, gem 

stones, and values indicated by symbol W. 

Source: Maryland Geological Survey, The Mineral Industry of Maryland , for the 
stated years. 

-84- 



3,885 


W 


2,846 


3,312 


21,550 


15,407 


5 


W 


W 


25 


w 


W 


6,332 


6,774 


W 


W 


189 


91 


15,057 


9,043 


6,660 


6,657 


1,471 


2,302 


1,206 


W 


16 


W 


W 


W 


13,061 


8,790 


W 


W 


w 


w 


- 


w 


14,819 


w 


w 


w 


13 


13 



LABOR FORCE, EMPLOYMENT, AND UNEMPLOYMENT 

More than 1.7 million Maryland residents were employed in 1974 as both 
the civilian labor force and the working members of that labor force continued 
to grow. On an annual average basis, the unemployment rate in Maryland was 
4.7 per cent for 1974, although there was a great variation among the political 
subdivisions of the State. 

The non-manufacturing sector of employment was again the growth leader, 
with larger gains being reported in trade, government and services employment. 
In fact, all major areas of employment showed gains between 1972 and 1974, with 
the exceptions of non-durable goods manufacturing and mining. 

The role of federal government civilian employment in Maryland should not 
be overlooked. More than 130,000 Marylanders were employed by various federal 
agencies at the end of 1974, and this figure places Maryland fifth among all of 
the jurisdictions of the Nation in terms of resident population in relation to 
federal employment. An additional 54,000 civilian and military employees work 
for the Department of Defense. 

Included in this section are tables showing commutation patterns of workers. 
Both interstate and intrastate destinations are shown. It is interesting to note 
that nearly 40 per cent of our labor force works outside its subdivision of 
residence. 

Labor relations have continued good in Maryland. In conformity with historical 
trends, the per cent of estimated work time lost by stoppages in Maryland was again 
far lower than corresponding national figures. 



-85- 



NO. 60 

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE, TOTAL EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT 
IN MARYLAND BY REGION AND POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1974 

BY PLACE OF RESIDENCE 









CIVILIAN LABOR 










POPULATION 
ESTIMATE 


FORCE 




TOTAL 
EMPLOY- 


UNEMPLO' 






AS 


PER CENT 
OF 








iMENT 




(JULY 1) 


NUMBER POPULATION 


MENT 


NUMBER 


RATE 


Maryland 


4,109,400 


1,793,000 


43.6 


1,709,000 


84,000 


4.7 


Western Maryland 














Allegany 


82,800 


33,315 


40.2 


31,225 


2,090 


6.3 


Garrett 


22,300 


9,545 


42.8 


8,880 


665 


7.0 


Washington 


106,200 


46,260 


43.6 


44,265 


1,995 


4.3 


Frederick 


92,900 


40,130 


43.2 


38,600 


1,530 


3.8 


Baltimore SMSA*^ 1 ) 


2,122,700 


897,000 


42.3 


851,000 


46,000 


5.1 


Washington SMSA 














Montgomery 


577,900 


269,304 


46.6 


259,619 


9,685 


3.6 


Prince George's 


702,500 


338,700 


48.2 


324,576 


14,124 


4.2 


Southern Maryland 














Calvert 


24,800 


11,120 


44.8 


10,635 


485 


4.4. 


Charles 


58,000 


20,361 


35.1 


19,269 


1,092 


5.4 


St. Mary's 


51,400 


13,905 


27.1 


13,435 


470 


3.4 


Eastern Shore 














Cecil 


54,500 


20,570 


37.7 


19,345 


1,225 


6.0 


Kent 


16,700 


6,845 


41.0 


6,485 


360 


5.3 


Queen Anne ' s 


19,400 


7,430 


38.3 


7,085 


345 


4.6 


Caroline 


20,400 


7,290 


35.7 


6,920 


370 


5.1 


Talbot 


25,100 


12,320 


49.1 


11,985 


335 


2.7 


Dorchester 


29,000 


14,550 


50.2 


13,960 


590 


4.1 


Wicomico 


57,300 


24,480 


42.7 


23,395 


1,085 


4.4 


Worcester 


26,700 


12,405 


46.5 


11,545 


860 


6.9 


Somerset 


18,800 


7,460 


39.7 


6,770 


690 


9.2 



'-•■'Includes Baltimore City, Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Carroll, Harford, and Howard 
Counties. 

Source: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, November, 1974 (population 
estimate) . 
Maryland Department of Human Resources. 



-86- 



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-88- 



NO. 63 

PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF NONAGRI CULTURAL WAGE AND SALARY EMPLOYMENT 

IN MARYLAND: 1974, 1973, AND 1972 
BY PLACE OF WORK 



TYPE OF EMPLOYMENT 



1974 



1973 



1972 



NONAGRICULTURAL WAGE AND 
SALARY EMPLOYMENT 



100.0% 



100.0% 



100.0% 



Manufacturing 
Durable goods 
Non-durable goods 

Nonmanuf acturing 
Mining 

Contract construction 
Transportation and utilities 
Wholesale trade 
Retail trade 

Finance, insurance and real estate 
Services and miscellaneous 
Federal government 
State and local government 



17.1 
9.4 
7.6 

82.9 
0.1 
6.9 
5.4 
4.7 

18.4 
5.3 

18.6 
8.9 

14.5 



17.4 


17.5 


9.5 


9.2 


8.0 


8.3 


82.6 


82.5 


0.1 


0.1 


7.1 


6.9 


5.4 


5.5 


4.7 


4.7 


18.7 


18.7 


5.3 


5.2 


18.4 


18.3 


8.6 


8.8 


14.1 


14.2 



Totals may not add due to rounding. 

Sources: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Research and Analysis Division, 
Nonagricultural Wage and Salary Employment . 

U.S. Civil Service Commission, Distribution of Federal Civilian 
Employment in the U.S. (Federal government employment in Montgomery and 
Prince George's Counties). 



-89- 






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-90- 



NO. 65 

PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION (1) IN MAJOR CATEGORIES OF 
NONAGRICULTURAL WAGE AND SALARY EMPLOYMENT 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION AND THE BALTIMORE SMSA: 1973 

BY PLACE OF WORK 



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H 

< 

H co 

Pi w 

O H 

Ph H 

CO M 

55 .-J 

<2 H 

Pi H 

H 53 



►J 
i-i 

H 



W 

< 
CO 

w w 
o -2 



o 

< w 

M H 

53 <J 

CO H 

55 CO 

W < 



2: P 

M fe5 



H 
55 



Pi 
W 
> 



W 

o 

M 

W 
CO 



Baltimore SMSA^ 1 ) 



21.5 



5.7 



6.5 



22.5 



5.5 



38.2 



D.C. Area 
Charles 

Montgomery 
Prince George's 



5.6 


0.6 


7.1 


6.0 


28.3 


2.7 


49.7 


4.2 


* 


9.5 


2.1 


22.4 


7.6 


54.1 


5.1 


0.3 


9.9 


3.2 


30.7 


3.9 


46.9 



Frederick 



Western Maryland 
Allegany 
Garrett 
Washington 

Southern Maryland 
Calvert 
St. Mary's 

Eastern Shore 
Cecil 
Kent 

Queen Anne' s 
Caroline 
Talbot 
Dorchester 
Wicomico 
Worcester 
Somerset 



37.0 


0.4 


5.4 


9.2 


18.9 


2.7 


26.3 


18.8 


3.1 


10.5 


3.3 


21.4 


3.2 


39.7 


33.2 


0.3 


6.1 


7.3 


20.4 


2.7 


30.1 


3.8 


0.1 


47.8 


1.9 


14.9 


4.7 


26.8 


2.4 


0.1 


7.6 


5.2 


21.6 


3.1 


60.1 


24.1 


1.0 


3.8 


6.1 


16.2 


1.7 


47.1 


19.4 


0.0 


8.1 


8.2 


22.8 


3.8 


37.8 


20.1 


0.9 


12.2 


5.8 


27.4 


2.0 


31.7 


29.5 


0.0 


4.9 


17.7 


20.0 


2.5 


25.5 


23.3 


0.0 


7.6 


5.8 


28.8 


2.9 


31.7 


45.0 


0.0 


6.3 


5.9 


14.6 


1.5 


26.7 


30.0 


0.0 


7.5 


6.6 


28.2 


3.4 


24.3 


22.8 


0.0 


10.2 


2.4 


32.8 


4.4 


27.3 


47.1 


0.0 


2.9 


3.5 


17.0 


2.3 


27.3 



Totals may not add to 100.0% due to rounding. 

(^Baltimore SMSA includes Baltimore City, Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Carroll, 
Harford, and Howard Counties. 

* Less than 0.1%. 
Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources. 



-91- 



NO. 66 

PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF MAJOR CATEGORIES 
OF SELECTED NONMANUFAC TURING EMPLOYMENT: 1973 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 





ESTIMATED 


PERCENTAGE 


DISTRIBUTION OF 


ESTIMATED EMPLOYMENT 




NUMBER 
EMPLOYED IN 


IN 


SELECTED NONMANUFACTURING CATEGORIES 






TRANSPORTATION 


WHOLESALE 


FINANCE , 






SELECTED 


AND OTHER 


PUB- 


AND RETAIL 


INSURANCE & 




SUBDIVISION 


CATEGORIES 


LIC UTILITIES 


TRADE 


REAL ESTATE 


SERVICES 


Allegany 


11,512 


12.3 




45.4 


7.5 


34.7 


Anne Arundel 


34,747 


10.1 




54.8 


7.1 


28.0 


Baltimore City 


251,318 


12.9 




37.5 


13.6 


36.0 


Baltimore 


80,177 


. 7.5 




55.0 


8.0 


29.6 


Calvert 


1,899 


10.2 




45.6 


15.1 


29.1 


Caroline 


(D) 


(1) 




(2) 


(D) 


(3) 


Carroll 


6,839 


8.3 




55.3 


7.6 


28.8 


Cecil 


4,143 


12.5 




51.6 


10.0 


25.9 


Charles 


5,716 


13.1 




57.0 


6.2 


23.7 


Dorchester 


3,277 


17.5 




49.7 


6.1 


26.7 


Frederick 


12,622 


8.9 




47.6 


11.8 


31.6 


Garrett 


2,684 


5.7 




65.7 


6.1 


22.5 


Harford 


12,342 


11.3 




54.1 


7.3 


27.4 


Howard 


10,976 


12.8 




43.9 


5.4 


37.9 


Kent 


2,342 


12.0 




46.8 


8.5 


32.7 


Montgomery 


114,607 


4.1 




42.0 


14.6 


39.3 


Prince George's 


89,789 


6.2 




59.7 


8.4 


25.7 


Queen Anne's 


1,694 


6.0 




61.3 


14.3 


18.4 


St. Mary's 


3,949 


14.0 




49.9 


9.7 


26.5 


Somerset 


1,373 


7.8 




60.9 


6.6 


24.7 


Talbot 


5,008 


8.2 




46.2 


6.7 


38.8 


Washington 


15,665 


13.9 




49.3 


6.6 


30.3 


Wicomico 


11,338 


12.0 




51.6 


8.5 


27.9 


Worcester 


4,079 


3.8 




51.8 


13.5 


31.0 



*Percents may not add to 100.0 due to rounding. 

' D ' Figures withheld to avoid disclosure of operations of individual reporting units. 
(1' Estimated number employed = 523. 

'^Estimated number employed = 1,023. 

(3) 

v ' Estimated number employed = 371. 

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, County Business Patterns 1973, Table 2. 



-92- 



NO. 67 

FEDERAL CIVILIAN EMPLOYMENT BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 

DECEMBER 31, 1974 



NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES 



TOTAL STATE 130,527 

Allegany 323 

Anne Arundel 8,714 

Baltimore City 17,360 

Baltimore 20,289 

Calvert 270 

Caroline 95 

Carroll 196 

Cecil 2,137 

Charles 2,374 

Dorchester 141 

Frederick 1,365 

Garrett 100 

Harford 8,740 

Howard 248 

Kent 84 

Montgomery 40,045 

Prince George's 23,011 

Queen Anne's 68 

St. Mary's 2,885 

Somerset 72 

Talbot 178 

Washington 1,284 

Wicomico 357 

Worcester 191 



Source: U.S. Civil Service Commission, Distribution of Federal Civilian Employment 
in the United States , December 31, 1974. 



-93- 



NO. 68 
RESIDENT POPULATION IN RELATION TO FEDERAL EMPLOYMENT: 1973 





PERSONS PER 




PERSONS PER 




FEDERAL CIVILIAN 




FEDERAL CIVILIAN 


STATE 


EMPLOYEES 


STATE 


EMPLOYEES 


Washington, D 


.C. 3.9 


Pennsylvania 


88.1 


Alaska 


23.8 


Oregon 


89.8 


Utah 


31.5 


Kentucky 


92.6 


Hawaii 


32.2 


South Carolina 


93.6 


MARYLAND 


32.4 


Massachusetts 


95.2 


Virginia 


34.8 


Nebraska 


96.1 


New Mexico 


41.5 


New Hampshire 


96.9 


Oklahoma 


50.6 


Kansas 


100.9 


Colorado 


53.7 


Mississippi 


100.9 


Montana 


62.8 


Florida 


102.7 


Wyoming 


63.1 


New York 


104.9 


Washington 


63.4 


Illinois 


106.1 


Alabama 


63.4 


New Jersey 


108.5 


Nevada 


63.6 


Delaware 


111.2 


Georgia 


64.6 


Vermont 


112.2 


Arizona 


67.6 


Ohio 


113.2 


South Dakota 


68.1 


Arkansas 


114.5 


California 


70.3 


West Virginia 


121.9 


Missouri 


72.1 


Indiana 


126.7 


North Dakota 


72.3 


North Carolina 


129.1 


Rhode Island 


75.8 


Minnesota 


130.9 


USA 


78.2 


Louisiana 


132.2 


Texas 


79.1 


Connecticut 


147.6 


Idaho 


83.4 


Iowa 


152.0 


Maine 


83.5 


Michigan 


167.5 


Tennessee 


83.8 


Wisconsin 


188.5 


Source: U.S. 


Civil Service Commission, 
^ographic Area, 1973. 


Annual Report of Fed 


eral Civilian Employment 


by G< 







-94- 



NO. 69 

PROPORTION OF LABOR FORCE WORKING OUTSIDE 
COUNTY OF RESIDENCE: 1960 AND 1970 



SUBDIVISION 



Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore City 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 

Queen Anne' s 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

STATE OF MARYLAND 32.4 39.6 



Sources: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Population 1970 , General Social 
and Economic Characteristics , Final Report PC (1) C22, Maryland. 
U.S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Population 1960 , General Social 
and Economic Characteristics, Final Report PC (1) 22C, Maryland. 



1960 


1970 


PER CENT 


PER CENT 


9.7 


6.7 


34.9 


38.6 


13.0 


25.3 


52.1 


51.7 


24.5 


39.7 


25.3 


34.6 


28.1 


37.1 


25.6 


30.0 


22.5 


41.0 


13.3 


13.3 


15.3 


23.7 


18.5 


24.9 


15.3 


31.7 


62.0 


66.6 


11.0 


18.0 


54.2 


46.5 


62.4 


57.4 


22.5 


34.0 


3.6 


10.3 


20.2 


25.8 


6.0 


10.5 


8.6 


12.0 


9.4 


11.4 


14.2 


20.4 



-95- 



NO. 70 
DESTINATION OF COMMUTERS, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 19 70 



(BALTIMORE SMSA) 

FROM ANNE ARUNDEL 
Places of Work 
Baltimore City - CBD 
B. City - remainder 
Baltimore Co. 
Anne Arundel Co. 
Carroll Co. 
Harford Co. 
Howard Co. 
Washington, D.C. 
Prince George's Co. 
Montgomery Co. 
D.C. SMSA - Va. part 
Calvert Co. 
Charles Co. 
Frederick Co. 
York, Pa. 

York Co. - remainder 
St. Mary's Co. 
Talbot Co. 
Queen Anne's Co. 

FROM BALTIMORE CO. 



(BALTIMORE SMSA) 



Places of Work 






Baltimore City - CBD 




15,536 


B. City - remainder 




89,666 


Baltimore Co. 




117,412 


Anne Arundel Co. 




7,991 


Carroll Co. 




1,602 


Harford Co. 




1,741 


Howard Co. 




3,199 


Washington, D.C. 




1,385 


Montgomery Co. 




727 


Prince George's Co. 




1,004 


D.C. SMSA - Va. part 




23 


York, Pa. 




78 


York Co. - remainder 




259 


Adams Co . 




16 


Frederick Co. 




153 


Calvert Co. 




30 


Wilmington, Del. 




63 


New Castle Co., Del. - 


■ remainder 


47 


Cecil Co. 




72 


Lancaster Co. , Pa. 




40 





FROM CARROLL 


Commuters 


Places of Work 


2,691 


Baltimore City - CBD 


18,299 


B. City - remainder 


7,725 


Baltimore Co. 


69,480 


Anne Arundel Co. 


77 


Carroll Co. 


153 


Harford Co. 


1,410 


Howard Co. 


4,622 


Washington, D.C. 


5,261 


Montgomery Co. 


1,165 


Prince George's Co. 


545 


D.C. SMSA - Va. part 


151 


York, Pa. 


180 


York Co. - remainder 


87 


Adams Co. , Pa. 


21 


Frederick Co. 


32 


Washington Co. 


40 


New Castle Co. , Del. 


36 
5 


Lancaster Co. , Pa. 


FROM HARFORD 




Places of Work 



Baltimore City - CBD 

B. City - remainder 

Baltimore Co. 

Anne Arundel Co. 

Carroll Co. 

Harford Co. 

Howard Co. 

York, Pa. 

York Co. - remainder 

Frederick Co. 

Lancaster, Pa. 

Lancaster Co., Pa. - remainder 

Wilmington, Del. 

New Castle Co. , Del. - remainder 

Cecil Co. 

Washington, D.C. 

D.C. SMSA - Md. 

Philadelphia, Pa. SMSA - 

Pa. part 
Philadelphia, Pa. SMSA - 

N.J. part 



Commuters 

194 

1,976 

3,921 

514 

16,096 

66 

513 

231 

690 

53 

12 

20 

116 

415 

505 

23 

6 

11 



439 

3,712 

6,493 

394 

70 

30,257 

119 

23 

456 

7 

5 

43 

42 

176 

1,323 

103 

98 

76 



(continued on following page) 



-96- 



NO. 70 
DESTINATION OF COMMUTERS, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1970 (Cont'd.) 



(BALTIMORE SMSA) 

FROM HOWARD 
Places of Work 
Baltimore City - CBD 
B. City - remainder 
Baltimore Co. 
Anne Arundel Co. 
Carroll Co. 
Harford Co. 
Howard Co. 
Washington, D.C. 
Montgomery Co. 
Prince George's 
D.C. SMSA - remainder 
Frederick Co. 
Washington Co. 
Charles Co. 
York, Pa. 

York Co. - remainder 
Lancaster Co. , Pa. 

FROM BALTIMORE CITY 
Places of Work 
Baltimore City - CBD 
B. City - remainder 
Baltimore Co. 
Anne Arundel Co. 
Carroll Co. 
Harford Co. 
Howard Co. 
Washington, D.C. 
Montgomery Co. 
Prince George's Co. 
D.C. SMSA - remainder 
York, Pa. 

York Co. - remainder 
Frederick Co. 
Calvert Co. 
Wilmington, Del. 

New Castle Co., Del. - remainder 
Cecil Co. 
Charles Co. 



(FREDERICK COUNTY) 





FROM 


Commuters 


Places of Work 


391 


Washington, D.C. 


3,404 


Montgomery Co. 


3,048 


Prince George's Co. 


2,272 


Loudon and Pr. William's 


406 


Cos. , Va. 


116 


D.C. SMSA - remainder (Va.) 


7,386 


Baltimore City 


824 


Baltimore Co. 


1,572 


Carroll Co. 


2,113 


Howard Co . 


178 


Anne Arundel Co. 


98 


Harford Co. , Pa. 


11 


York Co. , Pa. 


17 


Adams Co. , Pa. 


6 


Frederick Co. 


8 


Washington Co. 


6 


Franklin Co., Pa. 



26,199 

205,040 

60,306 

8,709 

384 

1,019 

2,295 

1,628 

576 

1,167 

216 

42 

67 

150 

7 

121 

43 

55 

39 



Jefferson Co., W. Va. 
Harrisburg, Pa. SMSA 

(WESTERN MARYLAND) 

FROM ALLEGANY 
Places of Work 
Somerset Co., Pa. 
Allegany Co. 
Bedford Co. , Pa. 
Fulton Co. , Pa. 
Washington Co. 
Morgan Co. , W. Va. 
Hampshire Co. , W. Va. 
Mineral Co. , W. Va. 
Garrett Co. 
Grant Co. , W. Va. 
Pittsburgh Pa. SMSA 
Franklin Co. , Pa. 



Commuters 

546 

3,992 

147 

75 



122 

141 

200 

760 

196 

38 

62 

16 

95 

24,671 

705 

116 

34 

20 



35 

24,836 

33 

5 

177 

29 

45 

866 

100 

17 

27 

7 



(continued on following page) 



-97- 



NO. 70 

DESTINATION OF COMMUTERS, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 19 70 (Cont'd.) 



(WESTERN MARYLAND) 

FROM GARRETT 
Places of Work 
Johnstown City, Pa. 
Somerset Co. , Pa. 
Garrett Co. 
Preston Co. , W. Va. 
Tucker Co. , W. Va. 
Grant Co. , W. Va. 
Mineral Co., W. Va. 
Allegany Co. 
Fayette Co. , Pa. 
Monongalia Co. , W. Va. 

FROM WASHINGTON 
Places of Work 



(SOUTHERN MARYLAND) 



(SOUTHERN MARYLAND) 



FROM CALVERT 
Places of Work 
Washington, D.C. 
Prince George's Co. 
Montgomery Co. 
D.C. SMSA - Va. part 
Baltimore City 





FROM CALVERT (Cont'd.) 


Commuters 


Places of Work 


6 


Anne Arundel Co. 


112 


Baltimore Co. 


4,338 


Carroll Co. 


117 


Howard Co. 


38 


Calvert Co. 


110 


Charles Co. 


84 


St. Mary's Co. 


712 


Dorchester Co. 


72 




26 


FROM CHARLES 




Places of Work 



Baltimore City 


141 


Baltimore Co. 


74 


Balto. SMSA - remainder 


140 


Washington, D.C. 


193 


Loudoun Co. , Va. 


15 


Prince William Co. , Va. 


7 


D.C. SMSA - Va. part 


74 


D.C. SMSA - Md. part 


298 


York, Pa. SMSA 


71 


Harrisburg, Pa. SMSA 


25 


Washington Co. 


32,234 


Frederick Co. 


917 


Franklin Co. , Pa. 


1,056 


Fulton Co. , Pa. 


50 


Allegany Co. 


43 


Morgan Co. , W. Va. 


141 


Berkeley Co. , W. Va. 


531 


Jefferson Co. , W. Va. 


125 


Bedford Co. , Pa. 


7 



599 

1,009 

107 

129 

21 



Washington, D.C. 
Prince George's Co. 
Montgomery Co. 
Fairfax Co>. 

Prince William Co., Va. 
Arlington Co. , Va. 
Alexandria, Va. 
Falls Church, Va. 
Charles Co. 
St. Mary's Co. 
Calvert Co. 
King George Co., Va. 
Baltimore SMSA 
Culpeper Co. , Va. 

FROM ST. MARY'S 
Places of Work 
Washington, D.C. 
Prince George's Co. 
Alexandria, Va. 
Arlington Co. , Va. 
Montgomery Co. 
St. Mary's Co. 
Charles Co. 
Calvert Co. 
Baltimore City 
Balto. SMSA - remainder 



Commuters 

291 

39 

6 

6 

3,799 

153 

93 

5 



2,789 

2,333 

191 

121 

8 

134 

189 

15 

9,156 

191 

115 

51 

123 

6 



274 

198 

28 

26 

26 

14,763 

534 

218 

207 

32 



(continued on following page) 



-98- 



NO. 70 
DESTINATION OF COMMUTERS, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1970 (Cont'd.) 



(EASTERN SHORE) 






(EASTERN SHORE) 




FROM CECIL 






FROM QUEEN ANNE'S 




Places of Work < 


Commuters 


Places of Work 


Commuters 


Wilmington, Del. - CBD 




72 


Baltimore City 


41 


Wilmington - remainder 




797 


Anne Arundel Co. 


496 


New Castle Co., Del. - remainder 


2 


,521 


Baltimore Co. 


149 


Cecil Co. 


13 


,926 


Balto. SMSA - remainder 


29 


Salem Co. , N.J. 




22 


Wilmington, Del. 


24 


Baltimore City 




79 


New Castle Co. , Del - 


107 


Baltimore Co. 




141 


remainder 




Harford Co. 


1 


,320 


Queen Anne's Co. 


4,469 


Balto. SMSA - remainder 




4 


Kent Co. 


769 


Philadelphia, Pa. 




48 


Kent Co. , Del. 


170 


Chester Co. , Pa. 




181 


Caroline Co. 


94 


Delaware Co., Pa. 




63 


Talbot Co. 


212 


Phila. SMSA - remainder 




123 


Sussex Co. 


7 


Pa. part 






Dorchester Co. 


28 


Phila. SMSA - remainder 




44 


Washington, D.C. 


54 


N.J. part 






D.C. SMSA - remainder - 


71 


Lancaster, Pa. 




18 


Md. part 




Lancaster - remainder 




79 


D.C. SMSA - remainder - 


14 


York, Pa. 




54 


Va. part 




Kent Co. 




56 






Kent Co. , Del. 




64 


FROM TALBOT 
Places of Work 




FROM KENT 






Baltimore City 


55 


Places of Work 






Baltimore Co. 


26 


Wilmington, Del. 




163 


Anne Arundel Co. 


28 


New Castle Co. , Del. - remainder 




274 


Balto. SMSA - remainder 


29 


Cecil Co. 




120 


Washington, D.C. 


19 


Baltimore City 




45 


Wilmington, Del. 


20 


Anne Arundel Co. 




12 


Talbot Co. 


8,182 


Baltimore Co. 




7 


Queen Anne's Co. 


138 


Harford Co. 




16 


Caroline Co. 


188 


Kent Co. 


4 


,862 


Dorchester Co. 


227 


Queen Anne's Co. 




165 


Kent Co. , Del. 


6 


Kent Co. , Del. 




112 


Sussex Co. , Del. 


46 


Caroline Co. 




22 


Wicomico Co. 


42 


Talbot Co. 




13 


Kent Co. 


49 


Sussex Co. , Del. 




6 






Dorchester Co. 




13 






D.C. SMSA - Md. part 




7 







(continued on following page) 



-99- 



NO. 70 
DESTINATION OF COMMUTERS, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1970 (Cont'd.) 






(EASTERN SHORE) 



FROM CAROLINE 




Places of Work 


Commuters 


Baltimore Co. 


33 


Balto. SMSA - remainder 


80 


Caroline Co. 


4,574 


Queen Anne's Co. 


87 


Talbot Co. 


533 


Dorchester Co. 


221 


Sussex Co. , Del. 


480 


Kent Co. , Del. 


686 


Wicomico Co. 


23 


Wilmington, Del. 


5 


New Castle Co. , Del. - 


remainder 60 


Cecil Co. 


7 


Kent Co. 


104 


Prince George's Co. 


17 


Montgomery Co. 


42 


Somerset Co. 


10 


FROM DORCHESTER 




Places of Work 





Dorchester Co. 
Talbot Co. 
Caroline Co. 
Sussex Co. , Del. 
Wicomico Co. 
Somerset Co. 
Worcester Co. 
Accomack Co. , Va. 
Queen Anne's Co. 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore Co. 
Anne Arundel Co. 
Balto. SMSA - remainder 
Washington, D.C. 
Prince George's Co. 

FROM WICOMICO 
Places of Work 
Wicomico Co. 
Dorchester Co. 
Sussex Co. , Del. 
Worcester Co. 
Somerset Co. 



9,790 

245 

301 

456 

230 

6 

13 

4 

51 

6 

28 

72 

16 

24 

6 



17,521 
155 
821 
660 
168 



(EASTERN SHORE) 

FROM WICOMICO (Cont'd.) 
Places of Work 
Caroline Co. 
Talbot Co. 
Accomack Co. , Va. 
Kent Co. , Del. 
Queen Anne's Co. 
Anne Arundel Co. 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore Co. 
Balto. SMSA - remainder 
Washington, D.C. 
Prince George's Co. 
Montgomery Co. 

FROM SOMERSET 
Places of Work 
Somerset Co. 
Wicomico Co. 
Worcester Co. 
Accomack Co., Va. 
Sussex Co. , Del. 
Talbot Co. 
Caroline Co. 
Queen Anne's Co. 
Kent Co. 

Anne Arundel Co. 
Baltimore Co. 
Balto. SMSA - remainder 
Washington, D.C. 

FROM WORCESTER 
Places of Work 
Worcester Co. 
Sussex Co. , Del. 
Accomack Co., Va. 
Somerset Co. 
Wicomico Co. 
Dorchester Co. 
Caroline Co. 
Wilmington, Del. 
Cecil Co. 



Commuters 
22 
34 
13 
45 
16 

6 
34 
48 

7 
29 
11 
50 



4,527 

995 

210 

53 

61 

12 

7 

5 

9 

25 

16 

20 

5 



6,746 

303 

235 

135 

678 

22 

6 

17 

226 



(continued on following page) 



-100- 



NO. 70 
DESTINATION OF COMMUTERS, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1970 (Cont'd.) 



(WASHINGTON, D.C. SMSA) 



FROM PRINCE GEORGE'S 




Places of Work 


Commuters 


Washington, D.C. - CBD 


23,384 


D.C. - remainder 


74,567 


Montgomery Co. 


21,418 


Prince George's Co. 


111,239 


Arlington Co., Va. 


7,917 


Alexandria, Va. 


2,182 


Fairfax, Va. 


304 


Falls Church, Va. 


274 


Fairfax Co. , Va. 


3,561 


Loudoun Co. , Va. 


52 


Prince William Co. , Va. 


147 


Baltimore City 


1,362 


Baltimore Co. 


1,258 


Anne Arundel Co. 


8,438 


Howard Co. 


1,087 


Balto. SMSA - remainder 


27 


Charles Co. 


1,627 


Calvert Co. 


145 


St. Mary's Co. 


121 



(WASHINGTON, D.C. SMSA) 

FROM MONTGOMERY 
Places of Work 
Washington, D.C. - CBD 
D.C. - remainder 
Montgomery Co. 
Prince George's Co. 
Arlington Co. , Va. 
Alexandria, Va. 
Fairfax, Va. 
Falls Church, Va. 
Fairfax Co. , Va. 
Loudoun Co. , Va. 
Prince William Co. , Va. 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore Co. 
Anne Arundel Co. 
Howard Co. 

Balto. SMSA - remainder 
Frederick Co. 
Fauquier Co. , Va. 
Washington Co. 



Commuters 

20,240 

47,665 

110,587 

12,668 

5,259 

806 

240 

291 

2,861 

113 

109 

438 

413 

1,454 

743 

55 

335 

22 

27 



Source: Maryland Department of State Planning. 



-101- 



NO. 71 
ARMED SERVICES PERSONNEL IN MARYLAND AND UNITED STATES: JUNE 30, 1974 



JURISDICTION 



MILITARY 



CIVILIAN 



TOTAL MILITARY 
AND CIVILIAN 



Maryland 

Army 
Navy(l) 
Air Force 

Total Department 
of Defense 

United States 

Army 
Navy^ 1 ) 
Air Force 

Total Department 
of Defense 



15,959 

12,149 

2,156 

30,264 



531,687 
371,407 
489,427 

1,392,521 



15,189 

7,358 

379 

23,795^) 



341,546 
296,296 
256,197 

969,566(2) 



31,148 

19,507 

2,535 

54,059 



873,233 
667,703 
745,624 

2,362,087 



(1) Includes Navy and Marine Corps. 

*■ ■'Civilian column will not add due to employment by other defense activities, e.; 
Defense Supply Agency and Office of the Secretary. 

Source: Department of Defense, Distribution of Personnel by State and by 
Installation. 



-102- 



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-105- 



NO. 75 

DISTRIBUTION OF MARYLAND STATE EMPLOYEES , (1) BY POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION: MAY 1975 



POLITICAL 


NUMBER OF 


POLITICAL 


NUMBER OF 


POLITICAL 


NUMBER OF 


SUBDIVISION 


EMPLOYEES 


SUBDIVISION 


EMPLOYEES 


SUBDIVISION 


EMPLOYEES 


Maryland 


41,670 










Allegany 


1,057 


Frederick 


747 


Talbot 


255 


Anne Arundel 


5,564 


Garrett 


223 


Washington 


1,270 


Baltimore City 


11,937 


Harford 


719 


Wicomico 


1,170 


Baltimore 


5,994 


Howard 


983 


Worcester 


290 


Calvert 


154 


Kent 


157 






Caroline 


190 


Montgomery 


1,105 


Other 


2,989 


Carroll 


1,914 


Prince George' 


's 2,458 






Cecil 


319 


Queen Anne' s 


384 






Charles 


255 


St. Mary's 


431 






Dorchester 


849 


Somerset 


256 







'-'-'Does not include employees of the State Roads Commission or employees of the 

University of Maryland. 
Source: Unpublished data furnished by the Central Payroll Bureau, May 1975. 



-106- 



NO. 76 

DISTRIBUTION OF MARYLAND STATE ROADS COMMISSION 
EMPLOYEES, BY WORKING LOCATIONS: JUNE 1975 



LOCATION NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES 

Maryland 4,273 

Total Districts 1,926 

District l^ 1 ) 154 

District 2< 2 ) 327 

District 3^ 314 

District 4< 4 > 285 

District 5^ 417 

District 6^ 227 

District 7< 7 ) 202 

Toll Facilities ( 8 ) 680 

' 'Includes Dorchester, Somerset, Wicomico, and Worcester Counties. 
( 2 ) Includes Caroline, Cecil, Kent, Queen Anne's, and Talbot Counties. 
(3) Includes Montgomery and Prince George's Counties. 
(^) Includes Baltimore and Harford Counties. 

(^Includes Anne Arundel, Calvert, Charles, and St. Mary's Counties. 
(6) Includes Allegany, Garrett, and Washington Counties. 
( 7 ) Includes Carroll, Frederick, and Howard Counties. 

( 8 ) Includes all personnel at the Chesapeake Bay, J. F. Kennedy, Potomac River, 
and Susquehanna River Bridges and the Baltimore Harbor Tunnel. 

Source: Department of Transportation. 



-107- 



NO. 77 
WORK STOPPAGES IN MARYLAND AND UNITED STATES: 1969-1973 





JURISDICTION 


STOPPAGES BEGINNING 
IN YEAR 


MAN DAYS 


IDLE DURING YEAR 


YEAR 


NUMBER 






WORKERS 

INVOLVED 


NUMBER 


PER CENT OF 
ESTIMATED TOTAL 

WORKING TIME^ 1 ) 


1973 


United States (2) 
Maryland 


5,353 
69 






2,250,700 
19,800 


27,948,400 
250,100 


.16 
.09 


1972 


United States (2) 
Maryland 


5,010 
65 






1,714,000 
21,000 


27,066,000 
289,100 


.17 

N/A 


1971 


United States ( 2 ) 
Maryland 


5,138 
79 






3,280,000 
46,300 


47,589,000 
558,400 


.32 

N/A 


1970 


United States ( 2 ) 
Maryland 


5,716 
91 






3,305,000 
43,100 


66,414,000 
782,000 


.44 
.28 


1969 


United States^ 2 ) 
Maryland 


5,700 
81 






2,481,000 
38,200 


42,869,000 
594,600 


.28 
.22 



N/A Not available. 

^ 'Private nonfarm. 

(2) 

Stoppages extending across state lines have been counted separately in each 

state affected; workers involved and man days idle were allocated among the 
states. 

Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Analysis of Work 
Stoppages , for years stated. 



-108- 



MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT AND PAYROLLS 

While the primary cause of economic, growth has been in the non-manufacturing 
sector, certainly manufacturing represents a major factor in Maryland's economy, 
with almost 18 per cent of the non-agricultural wage and salary employment. 
Annual average employment in manufacturing was 255,400 employees in 1974, or 
approximately 14.9 per cent of the total employment in Maryland. 

Despite a declining manufacturing employment level, payrolls increased 
significantly in the period from 1970 to 1973. Manufacturing payrolls increased 
by 16.1 per cent during this period, a figure attributable primarily to wage and 
salary increases. The largest manufacturing payrolls in Maryland during 1974 
were in the primary metals industries, transportation equipment, and food and 
kindred products. 

Average weekly earnings for all manufacturing in the State rose 35.2 per 
cent during the five year time period, from $136.34 to $184.34, with average 
hourly earnings rising over 35 per cent from $3.40 to $4.62. 

Value added (1) figures for 1972 were led by the food and kindred products, 
primary metals, electrical machinery, transportation equipment and chemicals 
and allied products industries. While ranking somewhat below certain other mid 
eastern states in value added, Maryland experienced a percentage growth of more 
than 24 per cent over the 1967 to 1972 time period. 

Historically, Baltimore City has been the dominant location for manufacturing 
firms in Maryland. In 1974 that political subdivision had virtually 40 per cent 
of the firms in the State. Next in order, in terms of number of firms, but far 
behind, are Baltimore (254), Montgomery (188), Prince George's (183), Anne 
Arundel (101), and Washington (95) Counties. 



^The difference between the value of goods and the cost of materials or 

supplies that are used in producing them. Value Added is derived by subtracting 

the cost of raw materials, parts, supplies, fuel, goods purchased for resale, 
electric energy, and contract work from the value of shipments. 

-109- 



NO. 78 

CHANGE IN NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES IN MANUFACTURING, 
MARYLAND AND SELECTED OTHER AREAS: 1958 - 1972 



YEAR 



IN THOUSANDS 



USA SOUTH ATLANTIC (1) MARYLAND 



BALTIMORE SMSA 



WASHINGTON SMSA 



1972 


19,028.8 


1971 


17,426.3 


1970 


18,289.5 


1969 


19,155.6 


1968 


18,681.0 


1967 


18,492.0 


1966 


18,200.3 


1965 


17,250.5 


1964 


16,485.7 


1963 


16,231.9 


1962 


16,154.7 


1961 


15,729.6 


1960 


16,149.9 


1959 


16,062.9 


1958 


15,423.1 



2,719.5 
2,580.2 
2,618.0 
2,673.3 

N/A 
2,501.5 
2,415.5 
2,285.2 
2,182.0 
2,124.8 
2,029.2 
1,956.0 
1,981.4 
1,959.0 
1,884.9 



253.9 


179.7 


254.4 


178.5 


272.4 


194.8 


289.4 


208.0 


N/A 


N/A 


287.6 


209.7 


288.6 


206.5 


270.7 


193.7 


263.0 


190.2 


263.7 


190.5 


252.2 


185.8 


254.3 


191.8 


257.2 


194.0 


257.0 


194.5 


259.1 


197.8 



54.9 

52.8 

55.2 

57.3 

N/A 

55.5 

55.1 

53.1 

52.5 

50.1 

40.4 

40.2 

39.2 

37.6 
34.7 



Source: Annual Survey of Manufactures 1971, M71 (AS) 6.5. 

U.S. Department of Commerce, 1972 Census of Manufactures , Area Series for 
the states included, 1972, Table 5. 



' ■*•' Includes: 
Maryland 
Delaware 
West Virginia 
Virginia 

District of Columbia 
North Carolina 
South Carolina 
Georgia 
Florida 



-110- 



NO. 79 

MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT IN MARYLAND BY STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION, BY 
PLACE OF WORK, ANNUAL AVERAGES: 1970 AND 1974 



SIC 



INDUSTRY 



NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES PER CENT CHANGE 
1974 1970 1970/1974 



All Manufacturing Total 
Durable Goods Total 

24 Lumber & Wood Products 

25 Furniture & Fixtures 

32 Stone, Clay & Glass Products 

33 Primary Metal Industries 

34 Fabricated Metal Products 

35 Machinery, Excluding Electrical 

36 Electrical Equipment 

37 Transportation Equipment 

39 Other Durable Goods (Scientific Instru- 
ments & Miscellaneous Manufacturing) 

Non-durable Goods Total 

20 Food & Kindred Products 

22 Textile Mill Products 

23 Apparel & Related Products 

26 Paper & Allied Products 

27 Printing & Publishing 

28 Chemicals & Allied Products 

30 Rubber & Miscellaneous Plastic Products 

31 Leather & Leather Products 

29 Petroleum & Coal Products 



255,400 


271,100 


-5.8 


141,100 


145,300 


-2.9 


3,900 


3,700 


5.4 


5,500 


5,400 


1.9 


11,500 


11,000 


4.5 


36,100 


42,300 


-14.7 


13,600 


13,200 


3.0 


15,900 


15,400 


3.2 


18,200 


17,200 


5.8 


23,600 


24,600 


-4.1 


12,800 


12,500 


2.4 


114,300 


125,800 


-9.1 


34,100 


38,800 


-12.1 


1,500 


2,300 


-34.8 


18,700 


22,400 


-16.5 


10,400 


10,200 


2.0 


20,300 


20,200 


0.5 


15,800 


17,400 


-9.2 


10,200 


11,100 


-8.1 


2,100 


2,500 


-16.0 


1,200 


900 


33.3 



Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Non-agricultural Wage and Salary 
Employment . 



-Ill- 



NO. 80 

MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT IN PRINCIPAL INDUSTRIES IN MARYLAND, BY PLACE OF WORK, 
RANK BY PERCENTAGE OF CHANGE: ANNUAL AVERAGES 1970 AND 1974 



SIC 



INDUSTRY 



1974 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1970 1970/1974 



All Manufacturing Total 
Durable Goods Total 
Non-durable Goods Total 

29 Petroleum & Coal Products 

36 Electrical Machinery 

24 Lumber & Wood Products 

32 Stone, Clay, & Glass Products 
35 Machinery, Excluding Electrical 
34 Fabricated Metal Products 

39 Other Durable Goods 

26 Paper and Allied Products 

25 Furniture & Fixtures 

27 Printing & Publishing 

37 Transportation Equipment 

30 Rubber & Miscellaneous Products 

28 Chemicals & Allied Products 
20 Food & Kindred Products 

33 Primary Metal Industries 

31 Leather & Leather Products 
23 Apparel & Related Products 
22 Textile Mill Products 



255,400 


271,100 


141,100 


145,300 


114,300 


125,800 


1,200 


900 


18,200 


17,200 


3,900 


3,700 


11,500 


11,000 


15,900 


15,400 


13,600 


13,200 


12,800 


12,500 


10,400 


10,200 


5,500 


5,400 


20,300 


20,200 


23,600 


24,600 


10,200 


11,100 


15,800 


17,400 


34,100 


38,800 


36,100 


42,300 


2,100 


2,500 


18,700 


22,400 


1,500 


2,300 



-5.8 

-2.9 

-9.1 

33.3 

5.8 

5.4 

4.5 

3.2 

3.0 

2.4 

2.0 

1.9 

0.5 

-4.1 

-8.1 

-9.2 

-12.1 

-14.7 

-16.0 

-16.5 

-34.8 



Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Non-agricultural Wage and Salary 
Employment . 



-112- 



NO. 81 

MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT IN THE BALTIMORE SMSA BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 
ANNUAL AVERAGES: 1970, 1972, 1974 



SIC 



INDUSTRY 



NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES 
(IN THOUSANDS) 



1974 



1972 



1970 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1974/1972 1972/1970 



All Manufacturing Total 
Durable Goods Total 

24 Lumber & Wood Products 

25 Furniture & Fixtures 

32 Stone, Clay & Glass Products 

33 Primary Metal Industries 

34 Fabricated Metal Products 

35 Machinery, Excluding Electrical 

36 Electrical Equipment 

37 Transportation Equipment 

39 Other Durable Goods (Scientific Instru- 
ments; Miscellaneous) 

Non-durable Goods Total 

20 Food & Kindred Products 

22 Textile Mill Products 

23 Apparel & Related Products 

26 Paper & Allied Products 

27 Printing & Publishing 

28 Chemicals & Allied Products 

30 Rubber & Miscellaneous Plastic Products 

31 Leather & Leather Products 

29 Petroleum & Coal Products 



Source: 



Employment . 



179.6 


178.0 


195.8 


0.9 


-9.1 


109.6 


104.2 


117.0 


5.2 


-10.9 


2.1 


2.0 


1.9 


5.0 


5.3 


4.4 


4.3 


4.5 


2.3 


-4.4 


7.6 


6.8 


7.4 


11.8 


-8.1 


34.8 


33.5 


41.3 


3.9 


-18.9 


10.4 


10.1 


10.1 


3.0 


0.0 


13.0 


12.1 


12.2 


7.4 


-0.8 


11.7 


10.9 


12.1 


7.3 


-9.9 


16.0 


15.5 


17.4 


3.2 


-10.9 


9.6 


9.0 


10.1 


6.7 


-10.9 


70.0 


73.8 


78.8 


-5.1 


-6.3 


17.7 


19.8 


21.1 


-10.6 


-6.2 


.9 


1.0 


1.4 


-10.0 


-28.6 


11.9 


13.5 


15.2 


-11.9 


-11.2 


7.7 


6.9 


6.5 


11.6 


-8.0 


12.0 


12.6 


12.9 


-4.8 


-2.3 


11.7 


11.6 


11.7 


0.9 


-0.9 


6.2 


6.3 


7.1 


-1.6 


-11.3 


1.1 


1.1 


1.2 


0.0 


-8.3 


.8 


1.0 


.7 


-20.0 


42.9 


Non-agr 


icultura] 


. Wage 


and Salary 





-113- 



NO. 82 

MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT IN PRINCIPAL INDUSTRIES IN THE BALTIMORE SMSA, 

ANNUAL AVERAGES: 1974 AND 1972 
RANK BY PERCENTAGE CHANGE 1972 TO 1974 



SIC 



INDUSTRY 



EMPLOYMENT 
(IN THOUSANDS) 


1974 


1972 


179.6 


178.0 


109.6 


104.2 


70.0 


73.8 


7.6 


6.8 


7.7 


6.9 


13.0 


12.1 


11.7 


10.9 


9.6 


9.0 


2.1 


2.0 


34.8 


33.5 


16.0 


15.5 


10.4 


10.1 


4.4 


4.3 


11.7 


11.6 


1.1 


1.1 


6.2 


6.3 


12.0 


12.6 


.9 


1.0 


17.7 


19.8 


11.9 


13.5 


.8 


1.0 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1972/1974 1970/1972 



All Manufacturing Total 
Durable Goods Total 
Non-durable Goods Total 

32 Stone, Clay & Glass Products 

26 Paper & Allied Products 

35 Machinery, Excluding Electrical 

36 Electrical Equipment 
39 Other Durable Goods 

24 Lumber & Wood Products 

33 Primary Metal Industries 

37 Transportation Equipment 

34 Fabricated Metal Products 

25 Furniture & Fixtures 

28 Chemicals & Allied Products 

31 Leather & Leather Products 

30 Rubber & Miscellaneous Plastic 
Products 

27 Printing & Publishing 

22 Textile Mill Products 

20 Food & Kindred Products 

23 Apparel & Related Products 

29 Petroleum & Coal Products 



0.9 

5.2 

-5.1 

11.8 

11.6 

7.4 

7.3 

6.7 

5.0 

3.9 

3.2 

3.0 

2.3 

0.9 

0.0 

-1.6 

-4.8 
-10.0 

-10.6 
-11.9 
-20.0 



-9.1 

-10.9 
-6.3 
-8.1 
-8.0 
-0.8 
-9.9 

-10.9 
5.3 

-18.9 

-10.9 

0.0 

-4.4 

-0.9 

-8.3 

-11.3 

-2.3 

-28.6 

-6.2 
-11.2 

42.9 



Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Employment Security, Non-agricultural 
Wage and Salary Employment . 

-114- 



NO. 83 

RATE OF INDUSTRY GROWTH, MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT IN MARYLAND, 
BY PLACE OF WORK, RANK BY GROWTH RATE: 1970/1974 AND 1964/1974 



PER CENT CHANGE 
SIC INDUSTRY 1970/1974 



29 Petroleum and Coal Products 33.3 

36 Electrical Machinery 5.8 

24 Lumber and Wood Products 5.4 

32 Stone, Clay, and Glass Products 4.6 
35 Machinery, Excluding Electrical 3.2 
34 Fabricated Metal Products 3.0 
39 Other Durable Goods 2.4 

26 Paper and Allied Products 2.0 

25 Furniture and Fixtures 1.9 

27 Printing and Publishing 0.5 

37 Transportation Equipment -4.1 

30 Rubber and Miscellaneous Plastic Products -8.1 

28 Chemicals and Allied Products -9.2 
20 Food and Kindred Products -12.1 

33 Primary Metal Industries -14.7 

31 Leather and Leather Products -16.0 
23 Apparel and Related Products -16.5 
22 Textile Mill Products -34.8 



PER CENT CHANGE 
SIC INDUSTRY 1964/1974 



39 Other Durable Goods 96.9 

27 Printing and Publishing 28.5 
37 Transportation Equipment 24.9 

35 Machinery, Excluding Electrical 23.3 
26 Paper and Allied Products 18.2 

36 Electrical Equipment 17.4 

29 Petroleum and Coal Products 9.1 

32 Stone, Clay, and Glass Products 7.5 
31 Leather and Leather Products 0.0 
25 Furniture and Fixtures -1.8 

30 Rubber and Miscellaneous Plastic Products -4.7 
24 Lumber and Wood Products -4.9 

28 Chemicals and Allied Products -6.0 
20 Food and Kindred Products -8.6 

33 Primary Metals Industries -13.4 
23 Apparel and Related Products -18.7 
22 Textile Mill Products -42.3 

34 Fabricated Metal Products -43.1 

Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Non-Agricultural Wage and Salary 
Employment . 

-115- 



NO. 84 

RATE OF INDUSTRY GROWTH, MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT IN MARYLAND, AND 
METROPOLITAN BALTIMORE ( 1 ) , BY PLAGE OF WORK, RANK BY GROWTH RATE: 1950/1974 



MARYLAND 



(2) 



PER CENT CHANGE 
SIC INDUSTRY 1950/1974 



36 Electrical Equipment 175.8 
39 Other Durable Goods 113.3 

26 Paper and Allied Products 103.9 

27 Printing and Publishing 95.2 
35 Machinery, Excluding Electrical 67.4 

32 Stone, Clay, and Glass Products 49.4 
25 Furniture and Fixtures 19.6 

33 Primary Metal Industries 5.6 

28 Chemicals and Allied Products -6.0 
20 Food and Kindred Products -12.1 

34 Fabricated Metal Products -13.9 

37 Transportation Equipment -15.4 

23 Apparel and Related Products -26.7 
31 Leather and Leather Products -34.4 

24 Lumber and Wood Products -37.1 
22 Textile Mill Products -68.8 
30 Rubber and Miscellaneous Products N/A 

29 Other Non-durable Goods N/A 



METROPOLITAN BALTIMORE (3) 



PER CENT CHANGE 
SIC INDUSTRY 1950/1974 



Other Durable Goods 152.6 

26 Paper and Allied Products 133.3 

36 Electrical Machinery 95.0 
35 Machinery, Excluding Electrical 64.6 

30 Rubber and Miscellaneous Products 44.2 

27 Printing and Publishing 31.9 

32 Stone, Clay, and Glass Products 24.6 

28 Chemicals and Allied Products 13.6 
25 Furniture and Fixtures 7.3 

33 Primary Metal Industries 2.7 
24 Lumber and Wood Products 0.0 

37 Transportation Equipment -27.3 

34 Fabricated Metal Products -28.8 
20 Food and Kindred Products -30.3 
23 Apparel and Related Products -41.1 

31 Leather and Leather Products -45.0 
22 Textile Mill Products -67.9 

Other Non-durable Goods N/A 



^ 'Includes Baltimore City, Baltimore, Anne Arundel, Carroll, Harford, and Howard Countie 

(2)The per cent change of manufacturing employment in Maryland from 1950 to 1974 was 9.7% 

(3) 

The per cent change of manufacturing employment in Metropolital Baltimore from 1950 

to 1974 was -0.4%. 

Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Non-Agricultural Wage and Salary 

Employment . 

-116- 



NO. 85 

MANUFACTURING AND NON-MANUFACTURING PAYROLLS IN MARYLAND: 1973 AND 1969 



TYPE OF PAYROLL 



1973 
($1,000,000) 



1969 
($1,000,000) 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1969/1973 



Total 

Manufacturing 
Non-Manuf ac tur ing 
Government 

Federal Civilian 

Federal Military 

State and Local 
Wholesale and Retail Trade 
Services 

Contract Construction 
Transportation 

Finance, Insurance and Real Estate 
Communications and Public Utilities 
Mining 



15,887 



11,732 



2,840 


2,243 


3,047 


9,489 


4,171 


3,863 


1,707 


2,042 


574 


531 


1,889 


1,291 


2,721 


1,789 


2,703 


1,540 


1,287 


707 


957 


758 


766 


499 


421 


318 


21 


15 



35.4 

26.6 
37.5 

8.0 
■16.4 

8.1 
46.3 
52.1 
75.5 
82.0 
26.2 
53.5 
37.4 
40.0 



Sources: U.S. Department of Commerce, Office of Business Economics, Survey of 

Current Business , August 1970, Vol. 50, No. 8, p. 36. 

U.S. Department of Commerce, Office of Business Economics, Survey of 

Current Business , August 1974, Vol. 54, No. 8, p. 35. 



-117- 



NO. 86 

MANUFACTURING PAYROLLS IN MARYLAND, RANK BY 
DOLLAR VALUE IN 1973: 1973 AND 1970 



SIC 



INDUSTRY 



1973 



1970 



PER CENT 

CHANGE 
1970/1973 



All Manufacturing Total 
Durable Goods Total 
Nondurable Goods Total 

33 Primary Metal Industries 
37 Transportation Equipment 
20 Food and Kindred Products 

27 Printing and Publishing 

28 Chemicals and Allied Products 

35 Machinery, except Electrical 

36 Electrical Equipment and Supplies 

34 Fabricated Metal Products 

23 Apparel and Related Products 

32 Stone, Clay, and Glass Products 

30 Rubber and Plastics Products, N.E.C, 

26 Paper and Allied Products 

25 Furniture and Fixtures 

24 Lumber and Wood Products 
22 Textile Mill Products 

All Other Durable Goods 
All Other Nondurable Goods 



$2,521,456,380 

1,534,170,794 

987,285,586 

454,886,954 

276,842,761 

269,113,063 

199,351,340 

174,246,709 

165,549,118 

143,478,427 

131,358,736 

128,381,160 

117,153,802 

90,787,975 

89,969,086 

37,557,370 

29,331,784 

10,941,229 

178,011,842 
24,495,024 



$3,171,044,585 

1,295,672,416 

875,372,169 



395, 

230, 

252, 

162, 

148, 

134, 

125, 

110, 

117, 

91, 

82, 

77, 

33, 

22, 

13, 



308,868 
591,339 
892,545 
479,220 
816,646 
091,190 
249,583 
334,632 
345,593 
779,931 
109,603 
224,188 
249,764 
818,531 
992,383 



152,248,578 
20,511,991 



16.1 
18.4 
12.8 

15.1 
20.0 

6.4 
22.7 
17.1 
23.5 
14.6 
19.0 

9.4 
27.6 
10.6 
16.5 
13.0 
28.5 
-21.8 

16.9 
19.4 



Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Employment and Payrolls Covered by 
the Unemployment Insurance Law of Maryland , for years stated. 



-118- 



NO. 87 

NUMBER OF MANUFACTURING FIRMS IN MARYLAND, BY POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION: 1974, 1970, 1960, 1950 



POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



1974 



1970 



1960 



1950 



Maryland 



2,471 



2,641 



3,217 



3,088 



Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore 
Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 
Prince George's 
Queen Anne's 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 

Talbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 



53 


56 


81 


67 


101 


99 


104 


59 


948 


1,100 


1,513 


1,738 


254 


244 


208 


130 


61 


17 


20 


7 


33 


33 


49 


52 


62 


67 


89 


83 


42 


52 


64 


57 


21 


22 


30 


18 


58 


65 


82 


67 


65 


67 


83 


78 


22 


23 


36 


33 


49 


47 


71 


54 


42 


29 


24 


18 


17 


20 


26 


21 


188 


168 


131 


79 


183 


178 


145 


71 


24 


21 


24 


9 


21 


23 


39 


20 


41 


41 


61 


50 


43 


51 


58 


44 


95 


103 


114 


124 


59 


77 


102 


112 


24 


38 


55 


70 



Nondistributable 



N/A 



N/A 



18 



27 



Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Employment and Payrolls Covered 
by the Unemployment Insurance Law of Maryland , first quarter issue for 
the stated years. 



-119- 



NO. 88 

MANUFACTURING PAYROLLS, MARYLAND AND SELECTED EASTERN STATES, REGIONALLY 
RANKED BY RATE OF GROWTH: 1972 AND 1967 



1972 


1967 


PER CENT CHANGE 


($1,000,000) 


($1,000,000) 


1967/1972 


$174,205 


$132,242 


31.7 


754 


588 


28.2 


8,090 


6,325 


27.9 


12,794 


10,350 


23.6 


2,370 


1,956 


21.2 


16,236 


13,852 


17.2 


4,932 


3,066 


60.9 


2,154 


1,352 


59.3 


2,346 


1,502 


56.2 


3,355 


2,190 


53.2 


2,397 


1,603 


49.5 


3,326 


2,231 


49.1 


2,825 


1,905 


48.3 


1,097 


832 


31.9 



REGION AND STATE 

United States 

Mideast 
Delaware 
New Jersey 
Pennsylvania 
MARYLAND 
New York 

Southeast 

North Carolina 
Kentucky 
South Carolina 
Tennessee 
Alabama 
Georgia 
Virginia 
West Virginia 



Sources: U.S. Bureau of the Census, U.S. Census of Manufacturers: 1967 , 

Preliminary Report, General Statistics for States, Series MC 67(P)-2. 
U.S. Department of Commerce, 1972 Census of Manufacturers , Area Series 
for the states included, 1972, Table 5. 






-120- 



NO. 89 

NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES ENGAGED IN MANUFACTURING, MARYLAND AND SELECTED 
EASTERN STATES, REGIONALLY RANKED BY RATE OF GROWTH IN TOTAL EMPLOYEES 

1972 AND 1967 



REGION AND STATE 



TOTAL EMPLOYEES 



PRODUCTION WORKERS PER CENT GROWTH 



1972 



(1,000) 



1967 



1972 



(1,000) 



(1,000) 



1967 TOTAL EMPLOYEES 
(1,000) 1967/1972 



United States 



19,029 



19,389 



13,528 



13,975 



-1.9 



Mideast 


















Delaware 




69 


71 






38 


39 


-2.8 


New Jersey 




835 


881 






547 


604 


-5.2 


Pennsylvania 




1,417 


1,550 






1,015 


1,136 


-8.6 


MARYLAND 




254 


288 






175 


206 


-11.8 


New York 




1,681 


1,929 






1,078 


1,285 


-12.9 


Southeast 


















North Carolina 


744 


643 






604 


538 


15.7 


Kentucky 




258 


225 






201 


176 


14.7 


South Carolina 


345 


304 






283 


254 


13.5 


Tennessee 




468 


418 






367 


334 


12.0 


Alabama 




323 


289 






262 


235 


11.8 


Georgia 




467 


423 






369 


339 


10.4 


Virginia 




375 


340 






293 


268 


10.3 


West Virginia 


121 


124 






93 


97 


-2.4 


Sources: U.S. 


Bureau 


of the 


Census, U. 


S. 


Ci 


2nsus of 


Manufacturers : 


1967, 


Preliminary Report 


, General Statistics for States, Series 


MC 67(P)-2. 


U.S. 


Department of 


Commerce, 


1972 


Census < 


}f Manufacturers 


, Area Series 



for the states included, 1972, Table 5. 



-121- 



NO. 90 

VALUE ADDED BY MANUFACTURE, MARYLAND AND SELECTED EASTERN STATES, 
REGIONALLY RANKED BY RATE OF GROWTH: 1972 AND 1967 



VALUE ADDED 

($1,000,000) PER CENT CHANGE 

REGION AND STATE 1972 1967 1967/1972 



United States $353,994 $259,301 36.5 

Mideast 

34.9 
28.8 
24.2 
21.9 
20.5 



North Carolina 11,010 6,607 66.6 

South Carolina 4,967 3,030 63.9 

Georgia 7,386 4,684 57.7 

Kentucky 5,692 3,636 56.5 

Tennessee 7,669 4,921 55.8 

Virginia 6,179 4,068 51.9 

Alabama 5,064 3,526 43.6 

West Virginia 2,644 2,170 21.8 



Sources: U.S. Bureau of the Census, U.S. Census of Manufacturers: 1967 , 

General Statistics for Geographic Divisions and States, Preliminary 
Report, MC 63(P)-2. 

U.S. Department of Commerce, 1972 Census of Manufacturers, Area Series 
for the states included, Table 5. 



Delaware 


1,292 


958 


New Jersey 


16,407 


12,738 


MARYLAND 


4,697 


3,781 


Pennsylvania 


23,494 


19,277 


New York 


30,424 


25,247 


Southeast 







-122- 



NO. 91 
VALUE ADDED BY PRINCIPAL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES IN MARYLAND, RANK 

BY DOLLAR VOLUME: 1972 AND 1967 



SIC 



INDUSTRY 



1972 1967 PER CENT CHANGE 
($1,000,000) ($1,000,000) 1967/1972 



All Industries 

20 Food and Kindred Products 

33 Primary Metals Products 

36 Electrical Machinery 

37 Transportation Equipment 

28 Chemicals and Allied Products 

35 Machinery, Excluding Electrical 

27 Printing and Publishing 

34 Fabricated Metal Products 

32 Stone, Clay and Glass Products 

23 Apparel and Related Products 
26 Paper and Allied Products 

30 Rubber and Plastic Products, N.E.C, 

24 Lumber and Wood Products 

38 Instruments and Related Products 

25 Furniture and Fixtures 
22 Textile Mill Products 



$4,697.4 



$3,781.3 



24.2 



677.5 


525.6 


28.9 


626.5 


524.6 


19.4 


508.2 


367.2 


38.4 


440.8 


460.5 


-4.3 


415.0 


422.5 


-1.8 


396.1 


202.3 


95.8 


345.2 


209.9 


64.5 


254.0 


211.3 


20.2 


228.7 


160.7 


42.3 


216.5 


193.7 


11.8 


159.3 


133.6 


19.2 


140.8 


113.2 


24.4 


74.5 


36.7 


103.0 


51.4 


29.5 


74.2 


40.4 


38.8 


4.1 


19.2 


22.1 


-13.1 



Sources: U.S. Bureau of the Census, U.S. Census of Manufacturers: 1967 , Preliminary 
Report, Area Series, Maryland, Series MC 67 (P) - 21. 

U.S. Department of Commerce, 1972 Census of Manufacturers , Area Series, 
Maryland, 1972, Table 5. 



-123- 



NO. 92 

VALUE ADDED BY PRINCIPAL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES IN MARYLAND, RANK BY 

PER CENT CHANGE: 1972 AND 1967 



PER CENT CHANGE 
SIC INDUSTRY 1967/1972 

All Industries 24.2 

24 Lumber and Wood Products 103.0 

35 Machinery, Excluding Electrical 95.8 
38 Instruments and Related Products 74.2 

27 Printing and Publishing 64.5 

32 Stone, Clay and Glass Products 42.3 

36 Electrical Machinery 38.4 
20 Food and Kindred Products 28.9 
30 Rubber and Plastics Products, N.E.C. 24.4 
34 Fabricated Metal Products 20.2 

33 Primary Metals Products 19.4 
26 Paper and Allied Products 19.2 
23 Apparel and Related Products 11.8 

25 Furniture and Fixtures 4.1 

28 Chemicals and Allied Products -1.8 

37 Transportation Equipment -4.3 
22 Textile Mill Products -13.1 



Sources: U.S. Bureau of the Census, U.S. Census of Manufacturers: 1967 , 

Preliminary Report, Area Series, Maryland, Series MC 67 (P) - 21. 
U.S. Department of Commerce, 1972 Census of Manufacturers , Area 
Series, Maryland, 1972, Table 5. 



-124- 



NO. 93 

AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS IN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES 
IN MARYLAND BY PLACE OF WORK: 1974 AND 1970, 
RANK BY DOLLAR VALUE IN 1974 



SIC 



INDUSTRY 



1974 



1970 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1970/1974 



All Manufacturing Average 
Durable Goods Average 
Non-durable Goods Average 

33 Primary Metals Industries 
37 Transportation Equipment 

32 Stone, Clay, and Glass Products 

27 Printing and Publishing 

35 Machinery, Except Electrical 

28 Chemicals and Allied Products 

34 Fabricated Metal Products 
20 Food and Kindred Products 
26 Paper and Allied Products 

36 Electrical Equipment 

22 Textile Mill Products 

23 Apparel and Related Products 
31 Leather and Leather Products 



184.34 


$136.34 


206.35 


150.63 


157.53 


119.69 


249.08 


166.46 


234.60 


167.58 


206.83 


153.36 


197.49 


146.61 


196.24 


143.68 


189.28 


140.49 


184.73 


144.94 


156.42 


118.89 


152.02 


121.13 


151.22 


126.72 


119.11 


92.28 


108.18 


89.36 


104.40 


89.67 



35.2 
37.0 
31.6 

49.6 
40.0 
34.9 
34.7 
36.6 
34.7 
27.4 
31.6 
25.5 
19.3 
29.1 
21.1 
16.4 



Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Non-Agricultural Wage and Salary 
Employment . 



-125- 



NO. 94 

AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS IN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES 
IN MARYLAND BY PLACE OF WORK, RANK BY DOLLAR VALUE IN 1974: 

1974 AND 1970 






SIC 



INDUSTRY 



1974 





PER CENT CHANGE 


1970 


1970/1974 


$3.40 


35.9 


3.71 


36.7 


3.03 


34.0 


4.06 


50.0 


4.20 


36.9 


3.74 


36.1 


3.55 


39.7 


3.61 


31.3 


3.41 


33.4 


3.57 


27.4 


2.95 


33.6 


2.94 


29.6 


3.16 


19.9 


2.51 


27.9 


2.36 


31.8 


2.27 


17.6 



All Manufacturing Average 
Durable Goods Average 
Non-durable Goods Average 

33 Primary Metal Industries 
37 Transportation Equipment 

27 Printing and Publishing 

32 Stone, Clay, and Glass Products 

35 Machinery, Except Electrical 

28 Chemicals and Allied Products 

34 Fabricated Metal Products 
20 Food and Kindred Products 
26 Paper and Allied Products 

36 Electrical Equipment and Supplies 
23 Apparel and Related Products 

22 Textile Mill Products 

31 Leather and Leather Products 



$4. 


62 


5. 


07 


4. 


06 


6. 


,09 


5. 


75 


5. 


.09 


4. 


,96 


4. 


,74 


4. 


,55 


4. 


,55 


3. 


,94 


3. 


,81 


3. 


,79 


3. 


,21 


3. 


,11 


2, 


.67 



Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Non-Agricultural Wage and Salary 
Employment . 



-126- 



TRADE 

Trade activity encompasses retail trade, wholesale trade, and selected 
services. Figures .developed by the United States Bureau of the Census in its 
business censuses are quite interesting. 

More than 31,000 retail establishments were situate in Maryland in 1972, 
and their aggregate sales were approximately $9.5 billion. These figures 
represent a 25.3 per cent increase in the number of establishments and a 63.3 
per cent increase in dollar volume from the data reported five years earlier. 
Eating and drinking places, food stores, and gasoline service stations were 
the more frequently reported types of establishments of those categorized, while 
food stores, automotive dealers, and general merchandise group stores reported 
the higher dollar volumes. 

The number of wholesale trade establishments grew by more than 20 per cent 
over the same period, and a 71.4 per cent dollar volume increase was shown. 
Establishments dealing in machinery, groceries, and motor vehicles and automotive 
equipment were the more frequently reported, and dollar volume rankings showed 
motor vehicle and automotive equipment, groceries, and machinery establishments 
leading the list. 

The reader is cautioned to read the note on page 135 before comparing the 
data concerning selected service industries activity reported for earlier years. 
Nearly 64 per cent more in terms of numbers of establishments were reported 
in 1972 than in 1967, and their receipts were up nearly 96 per cent over the period. 



-127- 



NO. 95 
TRADE ACTIVITY IN MARYLAND, ESTABLISHMENTS WITH PAYROLL ONLY: 1972 



TYPE OF ACTIVITY 



SALES OR 
NUMBER OF RECEIPTS 
ESTABLISHMENTS 1972 ($1,000) 



APPROXIMATE PER 

CENT CHANGE 

1967/1972 

SALES PAYROLL 

OR ENTIRE 

RECEIPTS YEAR 



Retail Trade 
Building Materials, Hardware, Garden 

Supply and Mobil Home Dealers 
General Merchandise 
Food Stores 
Automotive Dealers 
Gasoline Service Stations 
Apparel and Accessory Stores 
Furniture, Home Furnishings, and Equipment 
Eating and Drinking Places 
Drug and Proprietary Stores 
Miscellaneous Retail Stores 

Wholesale Trade 
Durable Goods 
Motor Vehicles and Automotive Parts and 

Supplies 
Furniture and Home Furnishings 
Sporting, Recreational, Photographs and 

Hobby Goods, Toys and Supplies 
Metals and Minerals, except Petroleum 
Nondurable Goods 
Apparel, Piece Goods 
Groceries and Related Products 
Farm Product Raw Materials 
Petroleum and Petroleum Products 

Selected Services 
Hotels, Motels, etc. 
Personal Services 
Business Services 
Automotive Repair and Services 
Miscellaneous Repair Services 
Amusement and Recreation Services 
Dental Laboratories 
Legal Services 

Architectural, Engineering, and Land- 
Surveying Services 



9,431 


$9,049,817 


61 


69 


709 


314,759 


51 


47 


627 


1,479,083 


55 


50 


2,891 


1,964,487 


53 


79 


1,223 


1,758,179 


72 


83 


2,622 


650,938 


78 


96 


1,694 


495,343 


70 


79 


1,225 


442,925 


93 


81 


4,376 


693,316 


65 


75 


742 


383,188 


58 


49 


3,322 


867,599 


92 


125 


4,746 


10,212,246 


71 


72 


2,912 


6,090,804 


N/A 


N/A 


522 


2,135,508 


142 


87 


151 


186,623 


95 


92 


92 


112,877 


89 


92 


82 


497,872 


-5 


-5 


1,834 


4,121,442 


N/A 


N/A 


111 


152,308 


56 


100 


550 


1,370,225 


45 


46 


75 


228,298 


81 


30 


224 


865,503 


41 


30 


1,085 


2,058,343 


91 


119 


462 


118,853 


77 


79 


3,254 


231,789 


23 


21 


2,272 


809,967 


87 


99 


1,292 


206,181 





102 


792 


110,326 


96 


81 


1,095 


198,332 


89 


78 


85 


12,054 


N/A 


N/A 


1,291 


150,790 


N/A 


N/A 


542 


220,051 


N/A 


N/A 



N/A - Not available. 

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Area Statistics, Maryland, 1972 Census of Retail Trade , 
RC 72-A21. U.S. Bureau of the Census, Area Statistics, Maryland, 1972 Census of 
Wholesale Trade, WC 72-A-21. U.S. Bureau of the Census, Area Statistics, Maryland, 
1972 Census of Selected Service Industries , SC 72-A21. U.S. Bureau of the Census, 
Census of Business , 1967, Retail Trade: Maryland, BC 67-RA22 (Revised). U.S. 
Bureau of the Census, Census of Business , 1967, Wholesale Trade: Maryland, BC 67-WA22, 
U.S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Business , 1967, Selected Services; Maryland, 
RC 67-SA22. 

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NC. 97 
MARYLAND RETAIL TRADE, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 



1972 







ALL 


ESTABLISHMENTS 




ESTABLISHMENTS WITH PAYROLL 


















PAYROLL 




POLITICAL 


NUMBER 


SALES 


NUMBER 


SALES 


ENTIRE YEAR 


PAID 


SUBDIVISION 






($1,000) 






($1,000) 


($1,000) 


EMPLOYEES M 


Maryland 


31 


,235 


9,480,043 


19 


,431 


9,049,817 


1,186,746 


228,243 


Allegany 




818 


192,364 




510 


178,383 


20,429 


4,257 


Anne Arundel 


2 


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742,245 


1 


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710,003 


90,079 


17,533 


Baltimore City 


7 


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1,811,264 


4 


,744 


1,719,471 


261,800 


52,393 


Baltimore 


4 


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1,621,012 


2 


,952 


1,551,125 


195,677 


39,854 


Calvert 




188 


37,733 




124 


35,069 


3,765 


724 


Caroline 




206 


29,398 




108 


25,053 


2,587 


542 


Carroll 




740 


130,541 




356 


117,007 


13,920 


2,784 


Cecil 




451 


90,984 




289 


82,227 


8,749 


1,630 


Charles 




505 


124,091 




296 


117,299 


14,159 


2,816 


Dorchester 




321 


61,640 




208 


55,923 


7,084 


1,359 


Frederick 




877 


206,868 




564 


196,190 


25,064 


4,750 


Garrett 




206 


44,625 




128 


40,860 


4,468 


914 


Harford 




940 


232,929 




568 


220,925 


26,109 


5,152 


Howard 




583 


138,526 




338 


120,869 


18,757 


4,039 


Kent 




198 


35,100 




116 


31,162 


3,535 


749 


Montgomery 


3 


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1,513,142 


2 


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1,469,025 


192,565 


33,756 


Prince George's 


4 


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1,727,757 


2 


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1,681,003 


213,577 


38,797 


Queen Anne's 




218 


32,931 




121 


28,140 


3,295 


741 


St. Mary's 




457 


81,625 




267 


76,002 


8,836 


1,840 


Somerset 




206 


25,000 




103 


19,541 


2,033 


447 


Talbot 




349 


77,073 




203 


70,593 


8,906 


1,664 


Washington 




991 


238,715 




604 


224,951 


2,510 


54,597 


Wicomico 




618 


192,532 




396 


183,043 


22,771 


4,245 


Worcester 




522 


91,948 




397 


88,953 


10,689 


1,789 



(1) 



For week including March 12, 1970, 



Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Area Statistics, Maryland, 1972 Census of Retail Trade , 
RC 72-A-21. 



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NO. 99 
MARYLAND WHOLESALE TRADE, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1972 









PAYROLL ENTIRE 




POLITICAL 


NUMBER OF 


SALES 


YEAR 


PAID 


SUBDIVISION 


ESTABLISHMENTS 


($1,000) 


($1,000) 


EMPLOYEES ( 1 ) 


Maryland 


4,746 


$10,212,246 


$580,399 


62,923 


Allegany 


109 


101,918 


6,774 


818 


Anne Arundel 


194 


585,853 


22,809 


2,367 


Baltimore City 


1,400 


3,497,791 


220,906 


23,892 


Baltimore 


704 


1,639,332 


91,343 


8,980 


Calvert 


8 


10,549 


664 


109 


Caroline 


36 


39,491 


1,720 


252 


Carroll 


80 


56,818 


4,180 


600 


Cecil 


43 


28,429 


2,271 


360 


Charles 


50 


53,947 


3,248 


484 


Dorchester 


46 


25,493 


1,835 


304 


Frederick 


107 


102,183 


9,883 


1,182 


Garrett 


32 


16,841 


1,306 


231 


Harford 


79 


90,398 


7,511 


942 


Howard 


106 


423,282 


15,364 


1,453 


Kent 


36 


23,181 


1,444 


261 


Montgomery 


604 


1,376,178 


64,148 


5,657 


Prince George's 


567 


1,643,922 


81,383 


9,006 


Queen Anne's 


27 


25,342 


1,880 


433 


St. Mary's 


28 


32,599 


2,500 


307 


Somerset 


38 


16,163 


1,483 


333 


Talbot 


57 


84,659 


7,241 


1,188 


Washington 


171 


147,713 


15,141 


1,794 


Wicomico 


157 


157,363 


12,781 


1,618 


Worcester 


67 


53,143 


2,577 


407 



(1) 



For week including March 12, 1972. 



Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Area Statistics, Maryland, 1972 Census of 
Wholesale Trade, WC72-A-21. 



-133- 



NO. 100 
MARYLAND WHOLESALE TRADE, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1967 











PAYROLL ENTIRE 






POLITICAL 


NUMBER OF 


SALES 


YEAR 


PAID 


SUBDIVISION 


ESTABLISHMENTS 


($1,000) 


($1,000) 


EMPLOYEES^) 


Maryland 


3,943 


$5,957,830 


$338,410 


50 


,889 


Allegany 


107 


55,799 


3,860 




701 


Anne Arundel 


120 


288,851 


10,716 


1 


,589 


Baltimore City 


1,700 


2,823,661 


171,274 


25 


,484 


Baltimore 


441 


897,924 


43,492 


5 


,935 


Calvert 


5 


2,203 


203 




53 


Caroline 


28 


33,223 


1,020 




203 


Carroll 


47 


31,409 


2,040 




400 


Cecil 


24 


13,036 


932 




198 


Charles 


37 


41,928 


2,350 




425 


Dorchester 


42 


23,963 


1,255 




312 


Frederick 


71 


61,259 


4,874 




822 


Garrett 


22 


10,017 


526 




130 


Harford 


43 


24,556 


1,739 




313 


Howard 


33 


40,191 


1,817 




311 


Kent 


22 


9,485 


614 




120 


Montgomery 


400 


738,393 


27,467 


3 


,832 


Prince George's 


348 


558,707 


38,947 


5 


,634 


Queen Anne's 


20 


9,716 


1,003 




200 


St. Mary's 


17 


10,978 


1,129 




184 


Somerset 


33 


15,391 


1,381 




326 


Talbot 


54 


32,862 


1,998 




405 


Washington 


151 


102,515 


9,998 


1 


,517 


Wicomico 


137 


110,924 


8,273 


1 


,469 


Worcester 


41 


20,839 


1,502 




326 



(1) 



For week including March 12, 1967. 



Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Business, 1967 , Wholesale Trade: 
Maryland, BC 67-WA22, Table 4, p. 22-8. 



-134- 



NOTE CONCERNING COMPARABILITY OF 
THE 1967 AND 1972 CENSUSES OF SELECTED SERVICE 

INDUSTRIES* 



The 1967 and 1972 censuses were conducted under similar conditions and 
procedures. However, strict comparability of the data for the two censuses 
is limited. In both 1967 and 1972, classifications were based on the 
Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Manual; however, there were major 
revisions to the SIC structure in 1972 which limit the comparability of 
data between these two censuses. It was not possible to retabulate 1967 
data based on the revised 1972 classifications for comparative purposes, 
since in many cases the necessary information was not available for 
assigning the new 1972 classifications to the 1967 records. In the following 
tables which deal with the Maryland Selected Services Industries, data for 
the State as a whole are presented for both 1972 and 1967 based on the 1967 
classifications. However, tables presenting 1972 data by political subdivision 
are not comparable with the 1967 breakdowns by political subdivision. 



*Abbreviated note from the Bureau of the Census, 1972 Census of 
Selected Services Industries, Maryland, SC 72-A-21, Appendix A, page A2. 



-135- 



NO. 101 
SELECTED SERVICES (1) IN MARYLAND BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1972< 2 ) 







ALL 


ESTABLISHMENTS 




ESTABLISHMENTS 


WITH PAYROLL 


















PAYROLL 




POLITICAL 


NUMBER 


SALES 


NUMBER 


SALES 


ENTIRE YEAR 


PAID 


SUBDIVISION 






($1,000) 






($1,000) 


($1,000) 


EMPLOYEES (3) 


Maryland 


27 


,727 


2,261,677 


11 


,085 


2,058,343 


818,257 


177,859 


Allegany 




490 


19,900 




225 


16,808 


4,994 


1,261 


Anne Arundel 


1 


,747 


114,089 




649 


101,202 


37,573 


6,071 


Baltimore City 


5 


,920 


599,778 


2 


,836 


564,143 


197,405 


34,671 


Baltimore 


4 


,110 


245,796 


1 


,524 


212,639 


80,810 


14,139 


Calvert 




124 


4,182 




46 


3,393 


1,065 


211 


Caroline 




149 


4,970 




49 


3,596 


1,303 


256 


Carroll 




499 


16,237 




153 


12,153 


3,595 


705 


Cecil 




318 


10,946 




124 


8,670 


2,418 


626 


Charles 




269 


10,349 




99 


8,288 


1,957 


445 


Dorchester 




216 


5,819 




94 


4,472 


1,307 


337 


Frederick 




622 


24,779 




224 


20,340 


6,582 


1,188 


Garrett 




144 


3,499 




47 


2,503 


770 


205 


Harford 




671 


26,786 




265 


21,728 


7,048 


1,554 


Howard 




504 


90,014 




172 


86,093 


46,708 


4,896 


Kent 




145 


4,059 




65 


3,128 


954 


224 


Montgomery 


5 


,780 


683,246 


2 


,117 


633,456 


295,611 


30,208 


Prince George's 


3 


,645 


293,646 


1 


,397 


267,082 


100,658 


15,347 


Queen Anne's 




100 


2,576 




28 


1,667 


311 


85 


St. Mary's 




222 


7,398 




91 


6,035 


2,141 


498 


Somerset 




112 


1,644 




38 


902 


185 


51 


Talbot 




251 


12,015 




107 


10,400 


3,313 


801 


Washington 




711 


30,036 




283 


25,333 


8,265 


1,727 


Wicomico 




541 


21,620 




204 


17,993 


6,091 


1,223 


Worcester 




442 


28,283 




268 


26,319 


7,193 


1,130 



'-'-■'Includes Hotels, Motels, Tourist Courts, Camps; Personal Services; Miscellaneous 
Business Services; Auto Repair, Auto Services, Garages; Miscellaneous Repair Shops; 
Amusement and Recreation Services, including Motion Pictures; Dental Laboratories; 
Legal Services; Architectural, Engineering and Land-Surveying Services. 

'^'See note on previous page concerning comparability of 1967 and 1972 data. 

(3) 

w 'For week including March 12, 1972. 

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Area Statistics, Maryland, 1972 Census of Selected 
Service Industries, SC 72-A-21. 



-136- 



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-137- 



NO. 103 

NUMBER OF ESTABLISHMENTS, BY SELECTED KIND-OF-BUSINESS GROUPS 

MARYLAND SELECTED SERVICES 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1972 







SELECTEE 


i KIND-OF-BUSINESS GROUPS 






HOTELS , 


AUTO 




AMUSEMENT 






MOTELS , 


REPAIR, 


MISCEL- 


& RECREATION 






TOURIST 


AUTO 


LANEOUS 


SERVICES 




POLITICAL 


COURTS , 


SERVICES , 


REPAIR 


INCLUDING 


LEGAL 


SUBDIVISION 


CAMPS 


GARAGES 


SERVICES 


MOTION PICTURES 


SERVICES 


Maryland 


635 


2,269 


2,320 


2,911 


3,146 


Allegany 


26 


56 


37 


41 


28 


Anne Arundel 


30 


138 


186 


214 


149 


Baltimore City 


48 


522 


423 


435 


1,026 


Baltimore 


69 


299 


340 


501 


527 


Calvert 


10 


7 


14 


21 


10 


Caroline 


2 


24 


24 


8 


12 


Carroll 


13 


72 


66 


60 


21 


Cecil 


29 


44 


42 


37 


20 


Charles 


16 


32 


29 


32 


19 


Dorchester 


6 


27 


25 


21 


15 


Frederick 


21 


65 


83 


82 


35 


Garrett 


22 


19 


11 


18 


8 


Harford 


28 


77 


86 


68 


59 


Howard 


18 


30 


33 


60 


49 


Kent 


10 


15 


18 


16 


11 


Montgomery 


43 


263 


322 


550 


700 


Prince George's 


50 


313 


327 


471 


311 


Queen Anne's 


7 


12 


8 


11 


11 


St. Mary's 


9 


30 


20 


34 


13 


Somerset 


3 


15 


14 


10 


7 


Talbot 


7 


27 


34 


23 


22 


Washington 


25 


91 


84 


72 


37 


Wicomico 


16 


66 


70 


47 


32 


Worcester 


127 


25 


24 


79 


24 


Source: U.S. Bureau of the 


Census, Area 


Statistics, 


Maryland, 1972 Census of 


Selected 


Service Industries, SC 


72-A21. 







-138- 



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-140- 



PERSONAL INCOME 

Maryland's personal Income rose in 1974 to $24,077,000,000, an increase 
of nearly 44 per cent from 1970. The total personal income of the State 
represents 2.1 per cent of the total personal income of the United States, the 
same as the 2.1 per cent in 1970. 

Per capita income in Maryland rose to $5,881 in 1974, up more than 38 per 
cent from 1970. This figure placed the State twelth in the nation in this 
category. 

In average per household effective buying income in 1974, Maryland ranked 
second among the mideast states with a level of $15,268. As might be expected, 
the metropolitan areas were the leaders, with suburban Washington's Montgomery 
County having the highest average disposable income of any county in the United 
States. Baltimore, Anne Arundel, Howard, Prince George's and Charles Counties 
each have disposable income figures in excess of $15,000 per household, while at 
the other end of the scale, Garrett, Somerset, Worcester, Caroline, Allegany 
and Dorchester Counties all have levels of approximately $10,000 or less. 

The Gross State Product for Maryland is estimated to have risen in 
current dollars, to $27.6 billion, an increase of 45 per cent above the level 
of 1970. The Gross State Product concept is roughly equivalent to the national 
level Gross National Product, i.e., the State output of goods and services valued 
at market price. 



-141- 



NO. 106 
GROSS STATE PRODUCT, MARYLAND, CURRENT AND CONSTANT DOLLARS: 1950-1974 



CURRENT DOLLARS CONSTANT DOLLARS (1967 DOLLARS) 

YEAR ($1,000,000,000) ($1,000,000,000) 

1974 $27.6 $19.0 

1973 25.1 19.1 

1972 22.6 18.0 

1971 20.5 16.9 

1970 19.0 16.4 

1969 17.6 16.1 

1968 16.1 15.4 

1967 14.6 14.6 

1966 13.5 14.1 

1965 12.1 13.1 

1964 11.0 12.1 

1963 10.0 11.2 

1962 9.2 10.6 

1961 8.5 9.8 

1960 8.1 9.4 

1959 7.8 9.3 

1958 7.3 8.8 

1957 7.1 8.8 

1956 6.8 8.7 

1955 6.2 8.4 

1954 5.6 7.7 

1953 5.5 7.5 

1952 5.2 7.2 

1951 4.8 7.0 

1950 4.2 6.5 

Source: Maryland Department of Economic and Community Development. 



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-144- 



NO. 109 
TOTAL PERSONAL INCOME, MARYLAND AND SELECTED EASTERN STATES: 

1974 AND 1970 







TOTAL PERSONAL 


INCOME 








1974 


1970 


PER CENT CHANGE 


STATE 


($1 


,000,000) 


($1,000,000) 


1970/1974 


United States 


$1 


,148,720 


$797,075 


44.1 


Mideast 










Maryland 




24,077 


16,770 


43.6 


New York 




113,094 


87,452 


29.3 


New Jersey 




46,798 


32,678 


43.2 


Pennsylvania 




64,976 


45,962 


41.4 


Delaware 




3,568 


2,332 


53.0 


District of Columbia 




5,407 


4,172 


29.6 


Southeast 










Virginia 




25,842 


16,738 


54.4 


West Virginia 




7,862 


5,103 


54.1 


North Carolina 




24,736 


16,244 


52.3 


South Carolina 




11,855 


7,549 


57.0 


Georgia 




22,760 


15,102 


50.7 


Florida 




42,354 


24,559 


72.5 


Mississippi 




8,747 


5,680 


54.0 


Kentucky 




15,007 


9,866 


52.1 


Tennessee 




18,516 


12,002 


54.3 


Alabama 




15,016 


9,752 


54.0 



Maryland as Per Cent 
of U.S. 



2.1 



2.1 



Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of 
Current Business , April, 1975, April, 1971. 

Note: State Personal Income received by State residents from all sources during 

any calendar year. Excludes wages and salaries received by federal military 
and civilian employees temporarily stationed abroad. 



-145- 



NO. 110 

PER CAPITA INCOME, MARYLAND AND SELECTED EASTERN 
STATES: 1974 AND 1970 



STATE 



PER CAPITA INCOME 

1974 1970 

($) ($) 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1970/1974 



RANK IN NATION 
BASED ON 1974 
INCOME 



United States 



$5,434 



$3,910 



39.0 



Mideast 






Maryland 


5,881 


4,247 


New York 


6,244 


4,797 


New Jersey 


6,384 


4,539 


Pennsylvania 


5,490 


3,893 


Delaware 


6,227 


4,233 


District of Columbia 


7,479 


5,519 


Southeast 






Virginia 


5,265 


3,586 


West Virginia 


4,390 


2,929 


North Carolina 


4,612 


3,188 


South Carolina 


4,258 


2,908 


Georgia 


4,662 


3,277 


Florida 


5,235 


3,584 


Mississippi 


3,764 


2,561 


Kentucky 


4,470 


3,060 


Tennessee 


4,484 


3,051 


Alabama 


4,198 


2,828 



38.5 
30.2 
40.6 

41.0 
47.1 
35.5 



46.8 
49.9 
44.7 
46.4 
42.2 
46.1 
47.0 
46.1 
47.0 
48.4 



12 

7 

4 

17 

6 

1 



24 
44 
37 
47 
36 
26 
51 
41 
40 
49 



Maryland as Per Cent of U.S. 



108.2 



108.6 



Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current 
Business , April, 1975, April, 1971. 

Note: State Personal Income is income received by State residents from all sources 
during any calendar year. Excludes wages and salaries received by federal 
military and civilian employees temporarily stationed abroad. 



-146- 



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-147- 



NO. 112 

NET EFFECTIVE BUYING INCOME 
RANK ORDER FOR STATES: 1974 



STATES 



($1,000) 



STATES 



($1,000) 



California 


107,283,805 


Kansas 


10,953,289 


New York 


91,856,720 


Oklahoma 


10,850,969 


Illinois 


59,548,429 


South Carolina 


10,222,398 


Pennsylvania 


54,989,384 


Oregon 


10,009,850 


Ohio 


51,001,310 


Arizona 


9,266,568 


Texas 


50,769,311 


Mississippi 


7,616,099 


Michigan 


45,213,023 


Nebraska 


7,158,355 


New Jersey 


40,743,338 


Arkansas 


7,141,828 


Florida 


35,812,339 


West Virginia 


6,665,782 


Massachusetts 


27,611,004 


Washington, D.C. 


4,503,350 


Indiana 


24,534,060 


Utah 


4,463,414 


Virginia 


21,708,293 


Rhode Island 


4,282,367 


North Carolina 


21,211,822 


New Mexico 


4,184,260 


Missouri 


20,610,180 


Hawaii 


4,147,155 


MARYLAND 


20,289,759 


Maine 


4,052,059 


Wisconsin 


19,840,484 


New Hampshire 


3,593,787 


Georgia 


19,058,300 


Idaho 


3,458,780 


Minnesota 


17,754,832 


Montana 


3,065,202 


Connecticut 


17,277,833 


North Dakota 


3,037,144 


Washington 


17,135,342 


Nevada 


3,036,117 


Tennessee 


16,243,814 


Delaware 


2,853,434 


Lousiana 


14,051,336 


South Dakota 


2,783,829 


Iowa 


13,411,833 


Alaska 


1,839,642 


Kentucky 


13,262,352 


Vermont 


1,745,825 


Alabama 


12,780,685 


Wyoming 


1,618,380 


Colorado 


11,476,334 







National Net Effective Buying Income is $978,026 millions, 



Source: (C) 1975 Sales Management Survey of Buying Power ; further reproduction is 
forbidden. 



-148- 



NO. 113 



NO. 114 



BUYING POWER, BY POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION: 1974 



MEDIAN HOUSEHOLD EFFECTIVE 

BUYING INCOME, BY 

POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1974 





PERCENTAGE OF 


SUBDIVISION 


USA TOTAL 


Allegany 


.0298 


Anne Arundel 


.1524 


Baltimore City 


.3453 


Baltimore 


.3750 


Calvert 


.0095 


Caroline 


.0071 


Carroll 


.0343 


Cecil 


.0207 


Charles 


.0251 


Dorchester 


.0102 


Frederick 


.0387 


Garrett 


.0062 


Harford 


.0576 


Howard 


.0447 


Kent 


.0065 


Montgomery 


.4058 


Prince George's 


.3810 


Queen Anne' s 


.0094 


St. Mary's 


.0188 


Somerset 


.0064 


Talbot 


.0123 


Washington 


.0444 


Wicomico 


.0239 


Worcester 


.0094 


MARYLAND 


2.0746 



MEDIAN INCOME FOR HOUSEHOLDS 
IN DOLLARS 



9,036 
13,810 
10,012 
15,635 
11,419 

8,299 
12,845 
11,671 
14,552 

8,208 
11,680 

7,324 
12,642 
15,702 

8,668 
18,996 
15,432 
11,436 
10,442 

6,380 
10,030 
10,807 
10,400 

8,243 
13,474 



Source: (C) 1975, Sales Management Survey of Buying Power ; further reproduction is 
forbidden. 



-149- 



NO. 115 

ESTIMATED PER CAPITA AND AVERAGE HOUSEHOLD EFFECTIVE BUYING INCOME BY 
POLITICAL SUBDIVISION, RANKED BY PER CAPITA EFFECTIVE BUYING INCOME: 1974 



POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



PER CAPITA 




AVERAGE HOUSEHOLD 


EFFECTIVE BUYING 




EFFECTIVE BUYING 


INCOME 


RANK 


INCOME 


$4,602 




$13,722 


4,922 




15,268 


4,647 




14,383 


6,828 


1 


21,093 


5,627 


2 


17,616 


5,247 


3 


16,584 


4,951 


4 


16,815 


4,671 


5 


12,821 


4,619 


6 


13,516 


4,515 


7 


15,307 


4,326 


8 


14,395 


4,309 


9 


15,716 


4,278 


10 


13,877 


4,084 


11 


12,860 


4,072 


12 


11,864 


4,028 


13 


11,908 


4,004 


14 


13,782 


3,995 


15 


11,589 


3,775 


16 


12,899 


3,654 


17 


10,714 


3,564 


18 


12,951 


3,486 


19 


9,758 


3,413 


20 


9,584 


3,391 


21 


9,842 


3,327 


22 


9,875 


3,317 


23 


9,499 


2,733 


24 


8,547 



RANK 



United States 

Maryland 

Baltimore Metropolitan Area' 1 ' 

Montgomery 
Baltimore 
Prince George's 
Howard 
Talbot 

Queen Anne's 
Anne Arundel 
Harford 
Charles 
Carroll 

Frederick 
Wicomico 
Washington 
Cecil 
Baltimore City 

Calvert 

Kent 

St. Mary's 

Allegany 

Dorchester 

Worcester 
Somerset 
Caroline 
Garrett 



1 
2 
4 
3 
14 

10 
6 

7 
5 
8 

13 
16 
15 
9 
17 

12 
18 
11 
21 
22 

20 
19 
23 
24 



Note: Net disposable income as estimated by Sales Management is net of taxes, and, 
therefore, differs from per capita personal income figures as estimated by 
U.S. Department of Commerce. 



(1) 



Baltimore City, Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Carroll, Harford, and Howard Counties. 



Source: (C) 1975, Sales Management Survey of Buying Power ; further reproduction is 
forbidden. 



-150- 



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-151- 



NO. 117 

RETAIL SALES PER HOUSEHOLD 
RANK ORDER FOR STATES: 1974 







(IN DOLLARS 




(IN DOLLARS 


STATES 


PER HOUSEHOLD) 


STATES 


PER HOUSEHOLD) 


Alaska 


10,364 


Washington 


7,682 


Hawaii 


10,067 


Ohio 


7,680 


Nevada 


9,755 


Tennessee 


7,675 


Delaware 


9,746 


Wisconsin 


7,659 


New Hampshire 


9,416 


Minnesota 


7,640 


Arizona 


9,229 


Pennsylvania 


7,521 


Florida 


9,179 


Oregon 


7,500 


Vermont 


8,966 


Missouri 


7,477 


Colorado 


8,836 


North Carolina 


7,467 


Texas 


8,551 


Mississippi 


7,401 


Georgia 


8,451 


South Carolina 


7,376 


Connecticut 


8,443 


Lousiana 


7,296 


MARYLAND 


8,395 


Oklahoma 


7,274 


Utah 


8,370 


Rhode Island 


7,260 


Wyoming 


8,359 


Kansas 


7,174 


Michigan 


8,272 


Alabama 


7,155 


Montana 


8,106 


New York 


7,132 


Maine 


8,105 


North Dakota 


7,095 


Illinois 


8,097 


Arkansas 


7,033 


Massachusetts 


8,057 


Nebraska 


6,961 


Virginia 


7,972 


Kentucky 


6,828 


Indiana 


7,968 


Iowa 


6,591 


California 


7,943 


Washington, D.C. 


6,573 


New Jersey 


7,930 


South Dakota 


6,564 


Idaho 


7,753 


West Virginia 


6,514 


New Mexico 


7,740 






Source: (C) 1975, 


Sales Management Survey of Buying Power; further 


reproduction 



-152- 



NO. 118 

NUMBER OF HOUSEHOLDS BY HIGHEST t 1 ) AND LOWEST (2) INCOME 
GROUP FOR THE UNITED STATES, MARYLAND AND SELECTED EASTERN STATES 



1974 



STATE 


TOTAL 
(1,000) 


NUMBER OF FAMILIES 
WITH HOUSEHOLD INCOME 
UNDER OVER 
$3,000 $10,000 
(1,000) (1,000) 


HIGHEST INCOME 
HOUSEHOLDS AS 
PER CENT OF 
LOWEST 


United States 


71,276.0 


8,481.8 






41,910.2 


494.1 


MARYLAND 


1,328.9 


113.0 






883.7 


782.0 


Delaware 


188.6 


16.8 






125.5 


746.4 


New Jersey 


2,465.3 


194.8 






1,725.7 


885.9 


New York 


6,346.7 


691.8 






3,865.1 


558.7 


Pennsylvania 


4,024.9 


430.7 






2,463.2 


571.9 



(^Over $10,000. 

< 2 Wder $3,000. 

Source: Sales Management, July 21, 1975, Survey of Buying Power , pp. B-3, B-4. 

(C) 1975, Sales Management Survey of Buying Power ; further reproduction is forbidden. 



-153- 



NO. 119 

FAMILIES BELOW POVERTY LEVEL IN MARYLAND 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1969 



NUMBER OF FAMILIES 
SUBDIVISION BELOW POVERTY LEVEL 



Allegany 2,576 

Anne Arundel 4,033 

Baltimore City 30,178 

Baltimore 5,610 

Calvert 706 

Caroline 852 

Carroll 1,093 

Cecil 1,053 

Charles 1,053 

Dorchester 1,137 

Frederick 1,489 

Garrett 1,223 

Harford 1,734 

Howard 634 

Kent 531 

Montgomery 4,011 

Prince George's 7,031 

Queen Anne's 747 

St. Mary's 1,457 

Somerset 1,188 

Talbot 801 

Washington 2,544 

Wicomico 1,841 

Worcester 1,079 

MARYLAND 74,601 

Note on the Poverty Level: 

The poverty level is a designation used by the federal government as one means 
of identifying areas and persons with income levels so low that some economic 
hardship is likely to be present. Various levels have been determined depending 
on family size, sex of family head, number of children and type of residence. 
The poverty level threshold averages about $3,750 on a national basis. The data 
for families below the poverty level have several limitations — for instance the 
poverty levels are not adjusted for state or local variation in costs of living, 
but are satisfactory for giving a general picture of the existence and location of 
low income. 

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Population 1970, General Social and 
Economic Characteristics, Final Report PC (1) C22, Maryland 



-154- 



CITY WORKER'S FAMILY BUDGET 

The city worker's family budget refers to the annual cost of a moderate 
living standard for a family comprised of a 38-year-old husband, a wife not 
employed full time outside the home, a 13-year-old boy, and an 8-year-old 
girl. This is the model family devised by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, 
U.S. Department of Labor. 

In 1974 the average urban worker's budget was $14,333, while the Baltimore 
budget was $14,398. The Washington budget at the same time was $15,035. 
Using 30 metropolitan areas to equal 100, the Baltimore area had an index of 
100 while the Washington area index was 105. As will be noted in accompanying 
tables, average earnings differ considerably as between occupational groups 
when using the metropolitan areas base. 



-155- 



NO. 120 

CONSUMER PRICE INDICES U.S./ 1 ) BALTIMORE, MD. , AND WASHINGTON, 

METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1970-1974 

(1967 = 100) 



D.C 



YEAR 



BALTIMORE, MD. 



WASHINGTON, D.C, 



U.S. AVERAGE 



1974 
1973 
1972 
1971 
1970 



152.4 
134.9 
126.3 
123.4 
117.0 



150.0 
135.0 
126.9 

122.7 
117.6 



147.7 
133.1 
125.3 
121.3 
116.3 



' 'Based on 56 "cities" metropolitan areas and non metropolitan urban places beginning 
January, 1966. 

Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Monthly Labor Review , 
June issues. 



NO. 121 

URBAN WORKER'S FAMILY BUDGET, (1) 
BALTIMORE METROPOLITAN AREA AND SELECTED U.S. METROPOLITAN AREAS: 



AUTUMN 1974 



METROPOLITAN AREA 



TOTAL BUDGET 



INDEX 



(2) 



Boston 

New York 

San Francisco - Oakland 

Washington, D.C. 

Minneapolis - St. Paul 

Chicago 

Philadelphia 

Cleveland 

BALTIMORE 

Detroit 

Los Angeles 

Pittsburgh 

Cincinnati 

Atlanta 

Dallas 

Houston 

Urban U.S. 



$16,725 
16,648 
15,127 
15,035 
14,917 
14,797 
14,757 
14,617 
14,398 
14,390 
14,068 
13,876 
13,753 
13,098 
12,917 
12,872 

14,333 



117 

116 

106 

105 

104 

103 

103 

102 

100 

100 

98 

97 

96 

91 

90 

90 

100 



^'Refers to annual cost of intermediate living standard for a family comprised of a 
38 year old husband, wife not employed full time outside the home, 13 year old boy, 
and an 8 year old girl. 

(2), 



Urban U.S. City Worker's Family Budget = 100. 

Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, 

-156- 



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-157- 



NO. 123 

INDICES OF AVERAGE EARNINGS OF WORKERS IN SELECTED 
OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS, AND RELATIVE ADVANCE IN 30 
METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1974 
(ALL METROPOLITAN AREAS =100) 







OFFICE 


ELECTRONIC 


SKILLED 


UNSKILLED 


AREA 




CLERICAL 


DATA PROCESSING 


MAINTENANCE 


1 PLANT 


Atlanta, Ga. 




101 


101 


97 


79 


BALTIMORE, MD. 




98 


93 


100 


86 


Boston, Mass. 




99 


97 


97 


91 


Buffalo, N.Y. 




103 


96 


104 


106 


Chicago, 111. 




105 


102 


108 


111 


Cincinnati, Ohio, Ky. , 


Ind. 


98 


97 


99 


98 


Cleveland , Ohio 




101 


100 


103 


112 


Dallas, Tex. 




95 


94 


91 


81 


Dayton, Ohio 




103 


100 


102 


111 


Denver, Colo. 




99 


100 


98 


102 


Detroit, Mich. 




118 


116 


114 


124 


Green Bay, Wis. 




93 


- 


94 


107 


Houston, Tex. 




98 


96 


97 


75 


Indianapolis, Ind. 




97 


96 


104 


102 


Kansas City, Mo. , Kans. 




97 


101 


105 


110 


Los Angeles, Long Beach, Anaheim, 


107 


105 


103 


115 


Santa Ana, Garden Grove, Calif. 










Milwaukee, Wis. 




99 


95 


105 


103 


Minneapolis, St. Paul, 


Minn. 


95 


96 


107 


113 


New York, N.Y. 




108 


109 


100 


115 


Philadelphia, Pa., N.J. 




97 


99 


97 


103 


Pittsburgh, Pa. 




102 


97 


99 


107 


Portland, Maine 




86 


- 


80 


89 


St. Louis, Mo., 111. 




100 


98 


105 


107 


San Diego, Calif. 




102 


101 


103 


106 


San Francisco, Oakland, 


, Calif. 


111 


108 


117 


131 


Seattle, Everett, Wash. 




101 


98 


106 


125 


Washington, D.C., Md. , 


Va. 


105 


100 


98 


87 


Wichita, Kans. 




95 


92 


89 


95 


Source: U.S. Dept. of 


Labor, Bureau of Labor 


Statistics, Wage 


Differences 


Among 


Metropolitan Areas, 1973- 


-1974. 









-158- 



STATE FINANCE 

Maryland's fiscal 1974 State expenditures totaled $2,576,542,000. Of 
this total 30.2 per cent went to education, 14.8 per cent to highways and 
transportation, and 15.1 per cent to public health, hospitals, and mental 
hygiene, with 8.8 per cent going to public assistance programs. 

During the same fiscal year the State received $2,505,066,000 with 26.4 
per cent of that total coming from income tax sources, 14.6 per cent from 
retail sales and use taxes, 6.9 per cent from motor fuels taxes, 5.7 per cent 
from motor vehicle user taxes, fines and licenses, 19.4 per cent from federal 
funds, and 6.5 per cent from bond issues. 

Net cash expenditures have increased nearly 137 per cent from fiscal year 
1968 to fiscal year 1974 while net cash receipts have increased more than 135 
per cent over the same time period. As might be expected, the fiscal 1974 
growth is quite large in both categories, with net cash expenditures almost 10 
per cent above the year-earlier figure and the net cash receipts standing 
more than 7 per cent above the prior year. 



-159- 



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-160- 



NO. 125 

RETAIL SALES TAX RECEIPTS, MARYLAND, 
RANK ORDER BY MAJOR CLASS OF BUSINESS: FISCAL YEAR 1974 



CLASS OF PERCENTAGE 

BUSINESS DISTRIBUTION 



General Merchandise 21.94 

Food and Beverage 16.36 

Building and Contractors 14.30 

Miscellaneous 11.49 

Utilities and Transportation 10.44 

Furniture, Fixtures, and Appliances 8.64 

Automotive 6.40 

Apparel 5.76 

Hardware, Machinery, and Equipment 4.67 

TOTAL 100.00 



Source: Comptroller of the Treasury, 27th Annual Statistical Report of the Retail 
Sales Tax Division for Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1974. 



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-162- 



NO. 127 
RETAIL SALES AND USE TAX RECEIPTS, BY SUBDIVISION: FISCAL YEAR 1974 



SUBDIVISION 



RETAIL SALES AND USE TAX RECEIPTS 
1973/1974 
($1,000) 



PERCENTAGE CHANGE 
FY 1974/1965 



Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore City 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 



6,124 

23,209 

80,703 

58,087 

1,151 

993 

4,037 

2,993 

3,571 

1,804 

7,027 

1,305 

6,265 

6,089 

1,218 

48,364 

53,454 

909 

2,257 

636 

2,538 

8,878 

7,118 

4,078 



143 
273 
116 
377 
278 
204 
268 
253 
300 
203 
227 
277 
303 
596 
182 
293 
334 
223 
281 
178 
227 
227 
244 
281 



TOTAL OF SUBDIVISIONS AND 
BALTIMORE CITY 



332,807 



222 



Source: Comptroller of the Treasury, 27th Annual Statistical Report of the Retail 

Sales Tax Division for Fiscal Year Ended July 31, 1974 , p. 34 (Baltimore, 1974) 



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-lb!>- 



NO. 130 

PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT REVENUES AND CURRENT EXPENSES: 
FISCAL YEAR 1974, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 









REVENUES 












TOTAL 

IN 




PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION 
















OTHER 




DOLLARS 




OTHER 






STATE 


SOURCES 




PER 


LOCAL 


LOCAL 


FEDERAL 


STATE 


SHARED 


OF 


SUBDIVISION 


CAPITA 


TAXES 


REVENUES 


GRANTS 


GRANTS 


TAXES 


REVENUE 


Allegany 


516 


36.1 


12.2 


16.0 


30.5 


4.9 


0.3 


Anne Arundel 


647 


35.0 


13.7 


10.4 


38.0 


2.9 


0.0 


Baltimore City 


1,049 


27.2 


14.0 


22.7 


29.3 


6.2 


0.6 


Baltimore 


545 


52.1 


14.5 


6.7 


23.3 


3.4 


0.0 


Calvert 


530 


41.0 


4.8 


17.0 


32.6 


4.6 


0.0 


Caroline 


670 


23.0 


6.2 


15.7 


48.5 


6.6 


0.0 


Carroll 


539 


39.1 


18.9 


8.9 


38.4 


4.6 


0.1 


Cecil 


471 


36.0 


8.0 


14.3 


35.1 


6.6 


0.0 


Charles 


728 


37.3 


8.9 


20.4 


30.3 


3.0 


0.1 


Dorchester 


646 


33.3 


10.2 


16.5 


33.6 


6.4 


* 


Frederick 


623 


37.8 


14.2 


10.2 


33.2 


4.6 


* 


Garrett 


572 


34.2 


5.2 


17.5 


33.6 


9.5 


0.0 


Harford 


510 


40.6 


11.7 


11.5 


32.3 


3.9 


0.0 


Howard 


757 


46.4 


13.4 


5.3 


32.4 


2.5 


0.0 


Kent 


574 


37.0 


7.9 


13.5 


36.0 


5.6 


0.0 


Montgomery 


700 


57.8 


10.9 


6.2 


22.5 


2.6 


* 


Prince George's 


608 


45.5 


15.1 


11.5 


24.4 


2.7 


0.0 


Queen Anne's 


559 


35.6 


15.7 


12.9 


28.2 


7.6 


* 


St. Mary's 


473 


29.4 


6.8 


18.3 


40.9 


4.6 


0.0 


Somerset 


487 


25.4 


6.4 


24.8 


36.1 


7.3 


* 


Talbot 


607 


34.6 


33.9 


10.0 


15.5 


6.0 


* 


Washington 


554 


35.3 


16.9 


10.8 


32.6 


4.2 


0.2 


Wicomico 


572 


35.0 


16.0 


13.9 


30.6 


5.4 


0.1 


Worcester 


818 


52.7 


19.7 


8.2 


14.1 


5.1 


0.2 


MARYLAND 


727 


39.2 


14.8 


13.7 


27.9 


4.1 


0.3 



(continued on following page) 



-166- 



NO. 130 

PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT REVENUES AND CURRENT EXPENSES: 
FISCAL YEAR 1974, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION (Cont'd.) 









EXPENDITURES 










TOTAL 
IN 




PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION 








PUBLIC 










DOLLARS 




WELFARE 










PER 




AND 




PUBLIC 




SUBDIVISION 


CAPITA 


EDUCATION 


HEALTH 


HIGHWAYS 


SAFETY 


OTHER 


Allegany 


471 


59.6 


11.5 


7.0 


6.3 


15.6 


Anne Arundel 


547 


58.8 


7.1 


7.1 


9.4 


17.6 


Baltimore City 


1,035 


22.7 


21.5 


16.8 


13.3 


25.7 


Baltimore 


476 


56.8 


6.2 


7.3 


9.7 


20.0 


Calvert 


494 


64.2 


11.9 


7.9 


4.2 


11.8 


Caroline 


590 


64.8 


11.5 


8.0 


2.3 


13.4 


Carroll 


524 


62.4 


6.0 


12.9 


1.8 


16.9 


Cecil 


399 


65.1 


11.3 


9.7 


2.8 


11.1 


Charles 


740 


53.9 


8.4 


1.4 


3.0 


33.3 


Dorchester 


609 


54.1 


11.0 


12.9 


4.3 


17.7 


Frederick 


525 


63.4 


6.7 


9.0 


3.7 


17.2 


Garrett 


558 


51.5 


10.7 


25.2 


1.8 


10.8 


Harford 


477 


65.9 


6.8 


7.6 


3.6 


16.1 


Howard 


648 


69.8 


2.5 


6.5 


6.1 


15.1 


Kent 


488 


69.4 


9.2 


5.3 


2.8 


13.3 


Montgomery 


629 


61.2 


5.9 


2.3 


9.6 


21.0 


Prince George's 


531 


55.6 


15.4 


3.4 


8.5 


17.1 


Queen Anne's 


508 


53.9 


8.2 


15.2 


1.6 


21.1 


St. Mary's 


451 


63.8 


12.8 


6.0 


2.5 


14.9 


Somerset 


401 


57.0 


14.2 


13.0 


3.2 


12.6 


Talbot 


498 


47.8 


6.1 


7.0 


3.8 


35.3 


Washington 


470 


55.7 


6.7 


8.7 


4.7 


24.2 


Wicomico 


479 


53.8 


15.2 


9.7 


5.7 


15.6 


Worcester 


742 


35.8 


4.3 


11.1 


7.2 


41.6 


MARYLAND 


656 


45.4 


12.7 


9.2 


9.3 


23.4 



*Less than 0.1 per cent. 



Source: Department of Fiscal Services, Local Government Finances in Maryland 
1974 Fiscal Year, Table 3. 



1973- 



-167- 



NO. 131 

ESTIMATED GENERAL REVENUE SHARING PAYMENTS TO MARYLAND, 
BALTIMORE CITY AND ALL COUNTIES: 
FISCAL YEAR 1976 



1976 ESTIMATED 
PAYMENT 

JURISDICTION ($) 

TOTALED 126,100,615 

State of Maryland(2) 42,033,538 

All CountlesO) 51,378,365 

Baltimore City 26,265,998 

Allegany 1,266,960 

Anne Arundel 5,788,481 

Baltimore 11,049,840 

Calvert 544,922 

Caroline 287,550 

Carroll 779,580 

Cecil 896,678 

Charles 1,148,901 

Dorchester 562,583 

Frederick 1,683,258 

Garrett 641,731 

Harford 895,072 

Howard 1,532,971 

Kent 276,226 

Montgomery 7,131,600 

Prince George's 12,115,629 

Queen Anne's 559,016 

St. Mary's 1,070,087 

Somerset 471,008 

Talbot * 

Washington 1,612,292 

Wicomico 804,733 

Worcester 259,247 

*Due Trust Fund. 

(-■-'Includes payments to Maryland, Baltimore City, all counties and 149 sub 
county jurisdictions. 

^'Includes State share. 

'3) Includes county shares, exclusive of payments to individual jurisdictions 
within a given county. 

Source: U.S. Department of the Treasury, Office of Revenue Sharing. 

-168- 



FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS 

The number of active banks of all types in Maryland decreased from 117 to a 
total of 116, between 1971 and 1973. Mergers of smaller banks into larger 
institutions are primarily responsible for this decrease. Total assets or lia- 
bilities increased during the period by 27.1 per cent. No change occurred in 
national banks vis-a-vis state chartered banks. While the number of national 
banks remained the same, their total assets or liabilities rose 30.7 per cent. 

Over the same time period the number of industrial finance companies 
decreased by 1.5 per cent (325 to 320), and their total assets or liabilities 
and capital rose 30.4 per cent to an amount in excess of $448 million. Mean- 
while credit unions remained at 37 in number. Total assets or liabilities of 
the credit unions in 1973 stood at $97 million, an increase of 29.9 per cent 
since 1971. 

The number of building, savings, and loan associations in Maryland decreased 
from 239 at the end of 1972 to 233 a year later. Of those associations active 
at the end of 1973, 80 were either federally chartered or were State chartered 
with federal insurance, and 153 were State chartered with Maryland Savings Share 
Insurance Corporation insurance. 

More than $4,500,000,000 in mortgage loans were outstanding as of December 
31, 1973 by the associations in Maryland, a 13.7 per cent increase from the year 
prior. Similarly, total assets increased to over $5,196,000,000 representing an 
11.6 per cent increase. 



-169- 



NO. 132 

ALL ACTIVE BANKS C 1 ) IN MARYLAND, 
SUMMARY OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES: 1971 AND 1973 
(MONEY FIGURES IN MILLIONS OF DOLLARS AS OF DEC. 31) 



ITEM 







PER CENT CHANGE 


1973 


1971 


1973/1971 


116 


117 


-0.9 


$10,131 


$7,971 


27.1 


6,028 


4,374 


37.8 


2,291 


2,348 


-2.4 


1,100 


879 


25.1 


8,765 


7,269 


20.6 


8,655 


6,927 


24.9 



Number of Banks 

Total Assets 

Selected Assets: 

Total Loans, Including 
Mortgages & Judgments 

U.S. Government & Other 
Securities 

Cash & Balances with 
Other Banks 

Total Liabilities 

Total Deposits 



CD 



National, State, Trust and Mutual Banks. 



Sources: Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-Fourth Annual Report, 1974 , and 
Sixty-Second Annual Report, 1972 . 
U.S. Comptroller of the Currency, Annual Report, 1973 and Annual Report, 1971 . 



-170- 



NO. 133 

ALL ACTIVE NATIONAL BANKS IN MARYLAND, 
SUMMARY OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES: 1973 AND 1971 



ITEM 



1973( 1 ) 
($1,000,000) 


197l(D 
($1,000,000) 


PER CENT CHANGE 
1973/1971 


39 
$4,163 


39 
$3,185 


NC 
30.7 



Number of Banks 
Total Assets 



Selected Assets: 

Total Loans, Including 
Mortgages & Judgments 

U.S. Government & Other 
Securities 



2,430 



822 



1,578 



910 



54.0 



-9.7 



Cash & Balances with 
Other Banks 



601 



483 



24.4 



Total Liabilities 

Selected Liabilities 
Total Deposits 
Demand 
Time & Savings 

Total Capital Accounts 



3,834 



2,921 



3,405 


2,689 


1,702 


1,441 


1,704 


1,248 



290 



235 



31.3 



26.6 
18.1 
36.5 

23.4 



(1) 



As of December 31 of stated years. 



Sources: U.S. Comptroller of the Currency, Annual Report , 1973, 
U.S. Comptroller of the Currency, Annual Report , 1971. 



-171- 



NO. 134 

ALL ACTIVE STATE BANKS AND TRUST COMPANIES IN MARYLAND, 
SUMMARY OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES: 1971 AND 1973 



ITEM 



1973 


1971 


($1,000,000) 


($1,000,000) 


73 


72 


$4,725 


$3,695 


2,723 


2,082 


1,189 


1,137 


471 


376 



PER CENT 


CHANGE 


1973/1971 


1. 


,4 


27, 


,9 


30, 


,8 


4, 


.6 


25, 


.3 



Number of Banks 

Total Assets or Liabilities 

Selected Assets: 

Total Loans, Including 

Mortgages & Judgments 
U.S. Government & Other 

Securities 
Cash & Balances with Other 

Banks 

Selected Liabilities: 

Capital Stock, Surplus Un- 370 316 17.1 

divided Profits & Reserves 
Total Deposits 4,130 3,252 27.0 



Sources: Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-Fourth Annual Report , 1974, 
Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-Second Annual Report , 1972, 

NO. 135 

ALL ACTIVE MUTUAL SAVINGS BANKS IN MARYLAND, 
SUMMARY OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES: 1971 AND 1973 



1973 1971 

ITEM ($1,000,000) ($1,000,000) 



Number of Banks 4 5 

Total Assets or Liabilities $1,243 $1,091 

Selected Assets: 

Total Loans, Including 875 714 

Mortgages & Judgments 
U.S. Government & Other 280 290 

Securities 
Cash & Balances with Other 28 20 

Banks 

Selected Liabilities: 

Surplus, Undivided Profits & 94 86 

Reserves 
Total Deposits 1,120 987 

Includes $41,230,000 of surplus or guaranty fund. 

Sources: Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-Fourth Annual Report , 1974. 
Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-Second Annual Report , 1972. 

-172- 



PER CENT ( 


:hange 


1973/1971 


-20, 


.0 


13 


.9 


22, 


,5 


-3, 


.4 


40, 


,0 


9, 


,3 


13. 


,5 



NO. 136 
CREDIT UNIONS IN MARYLAND: 1971 AND 1973 



1973 1971 

ITEM ($1,000,000) ($1,000,000) 



PER CENT CHANGE 


1973/1971 


NC 


29.9 


32.3 


-38.9 


47.5 


31.4 


30.0 



Number of Credit Unions 

Total Assets or Liabilities $97.0 

Selected Assets: 
Loan to Members 
Cash (On hand and in banks) 
Investments (securities) 



Selected Liabilities: 

Members Shares & Deposits 
Reserve Funds & Surplus 



37 


37 


97.0 


$74.7 


82 


62 


2.2 


3.6 


11.8 


8.0 


82.9 


63.1 


10.4 


8.0 



Sources: Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-Fourth Annual Report , 1974. 
Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-Second Annual Report , 1972, 

NO. 137 
INDUSTRIAL FINANCE COMPANIES IN MARYLAND: 1971 AND 1973 



PER CENT CHANGE 
ITEM ($1,000,000) ($1,000,000) 1973/1971 



1973 
($1,000,000) 


1971 
($1,000,000) 


320 
$448.3 


325 
$343.7 



Number of Licensees 320 325 -1.5 

Total Assets or Liabilities & $448.3 $343.7 30.4 
Capital 

Selected Assets: 

Total Loans Receivable 429.5 330.5 30.0 

Cash (On hand and in banks) 3.2 4.0 -20.0 

Selected Liabilities: 

Capital Stock, Surplus, Un- 39.3 34.1 15.2 

divided Profits, & Reserves 

Deferred Income 41.8 30.1 38.1 

Due Home Office, Holding 339.2 239.5 41.6 

Company or Affiliates 

Notes Payable (Banks & Others) 15.3 25.0 -38.8 

Sources: Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-Fourth Annual Report , 1974. 
Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-Second Annual Report , 1972. 



-173- 



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-176- 



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-177- 



LIFE INSURANCE 

The strength of the Maryland economy is again evident in the field of 
life insurance. Nearly $3,225,000,000 of ordinary life insurance was purchased 
in Maryland during 1973. This figure represents a 15 per cent increase from 
the prior year and a 97.2 per cent increase since 1967. 

When all types of life insurance are considered, Mary landers held more 
than 7,800,000 policies with an in force valuation in excess of thirty-nine 
billion dollars. The average amount in force per family in Maryland stood at 
$26,800 during 1974, representing an increase of 15.5 per cent since 1972. 
Maryland's average is therefore somewhat above the national family average of 
$26,500 of life insurance in force. 



-178- 



NO. 141 



LIFE INSURANCE IN FORCE IN MARYLAND: 1974 



TYPE 



NUMBER OF POLICIES 
(1,000) 



AMOUNT 
($1,000,000) 



Total 

Ordinary- 
Group 

Industrial 
Credit 



7,842 

2,565 
1,625 
1,980 
1,672 



39,761 

20,084 

16,657 

1,056 

1,964 



Average amount in force per family $26,800 (15.5 per cent increase since 1972). 

Note: "Credit" is now limited to life insurance on loans of ten years' or less 
duration. "Ordinary" and "Group" include credit life insurance on loans 
of more than ten years' duration. 

(*-' Includes group credit. 

Source: Institute of Life Insurance, Life Insurance Fact Book, 1975. 



NO. 142 
PURCHASES OF ORDINARY LIFE INSURANCE, MARYLAND: 1967-1973 



YEAR 



AMOUNT PURCHASED 
($1,000,000) 



PER CENT CHANGE 
YEAR TO YEAR 



PER CENT CHANGE 
YEAR TO 1967 



1974 
1973 
1972 
1971 
1970 
1969 
1968 
1967 



3,584 
3,225 
2,805 
2,500 
2,209 
2,017 
1,822 
1,635 



11.1 
15.0 
12.2 
13.2 
9.5 
10.7 
11.4 



119.2 
97.2 
71.6 
53.0 
35.1 
23.4 
11.4 



Source: Institute of Life Insurance, Life Insurance Fact Book, 1975 , 



-179- 



COURTS AND LAW ENFORCEMENT 

This section deals "with the Juvenile Facilities, adult correctional 
facilities, state trial courts (civil and criminal), and the federal trial 
court in Maryland (civil and criminal) . 

The juvenile facilities in Maryland are under the jurisdiction of the 
State Division of Juvenile Services, a constituent agency of the Department of 
Health and Mental Hygiene. In the twelve month period from July, 1974 through 
June, 1975 there were 57,237 juvenile court cases reported with the largest 
number coming from Baltimore City (20,691), followed by the metropolitan counties 
of Prince George's (9,320), Baltimore (6,835), Montgomery (5,292), and Anne 
Arundel (5,296). The average daily population in June 1974 of the six juvenile 
institutions in the State was 1,060. Comparable average population data 
available for June, 1975 show a 6.6 per cent increase to 1,130. 

Adult correctional institutions in the State housed an average daily 
population of 5,893 inmates in fiscal 1974. The average annual per capita cost 
per inmate was $5,003. More inmates were committed from Baltimore City (2,644) 
during fiscal 1974 than were committed from the combined counties (1,609). These 
statistics, of course, deal with the statewide correctional institutions, and 
local facilities are not included. The institutions covered in this publication 
are the Maryland House of Correction, Maryland Penetentiary , Maryland Correctional 
Institution-Hagerstown, Maryland Correctional Institution for Women-Jessup , and 
the Receiving Centers for Males and Females. 

As of August, 1974, there were 80 trial judges in the state which is 
divided into eight judicial districts for administrative purposes. Each 
county has a minimum of one jurist, and Baltimore City has 21 trial judges. 
On the basis of population per judge, the range is from 16,700 per judge in 



-180- 



Kent County to 78,300 per judge in Carroll County. Though these extreme ranges 
are severe, a more moderate range will be noted generally by the reader of the 
table. On a statewide average, the population per judge is 51,367 with 649 
civil cases and 307 criminal cases representing the trial load. During the 
year from July 1, 1973 through July 30, 1974 53,916 civil cases were filed 
in Maryland trial courts, an increase of 6.6 per cent over the prior year, 
and 52,054 civil cases were dispoed of in the same period, a 6.7 per cent 
decrease in dispositions. 

There was a 19.7 per cent increase in the filing of criminal cases, and a 
42.8 per cent increase in dispositions in this area. As a consequence, there- 
fore, when all cases (civil and criminal) filed in the trial courts of Maryland 
are considered for this period, there were 78,519 cases filed, an increase of 
10.4 per cent, while there were 78,621 dispostions, representing a 5.7 per cent 
increase. 

The United States District Court for the District of Maryland (coincident 
with the state boundaries) sits in Baltimore City. Relatively speaking its back- 
log remains in good condition. As of June 30, 1974 there were 1,320 civil 
cases and 391 criminal cases pending. In absolute terms 1,342 civil cases and 
702 criminal cases were terminated during the fiscal year. 

The bankruptcy backlog did increase somewhat over the same time frame, with 
659 cases being commenced and 808 terminated. More than 3,463 passport 
applications were handled, and over 1,900 aliens were naturalized in the Court 
during the 1974 fiscal year. 



-181- 



NO. 143 

NUMBER OF JUDGES, POPULATION AND CASE LOAD PER JUDGE, MARYLAND 
TRIAL COURTS, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: AUGUST 1973 



JURISDICTION 


NUMBER OF 
JUDGES 


POPULATION 
PER JUDGE 


Maryland 


80 


51,367 


Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore 
Calvert 


2 
6 
21 
9 
1 


41,400 
55,083 
40,342 
72,011 
24,800 


Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 


1 
1 
2 
1 
1 


20,400 
78,300 
27,250 
58,000 
29,000 


Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 


2 
1 
3 
2 

1 


46,450 
22,300 
42,866 
45,000 
16,700 


Montgomery 
Prince George's 
Queen Anne's 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 


9 
9 

1 
1 

1 


64,211 
78,055 
19,400 
51,400 
18,800 


Talbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 


1 
2 
1 
1 


25,100 
53,100 
57,300 
26,700 



CASES FILED PER JUDGE 
CIVIL CRIMINAL 



649 307 

390 136 

635 232 

838 658 

781 250 

442 143 

244 40 

726 199 

455 140 

577 336 

376 139 

494 140 

254 79 

446 128 

552 203 

252 79 

639 114 

864 202 

187 100 

593 219 

296 101 



293 93 

501 223 

800 . 441 

756 235 



Source: Administrative Office of the Courts, Annual Report 1973-1974 



-182- 



NO. 144 



CASES FILED IN TRIAL COURTS, MARYLAND: 1974 AND 1972 t 1 ) 

















PER 


CENT 


CHANGE 




1974 




197: 




1974/: 

F 


L972 


TYPE OF CASE 


FILED 


TERMINATED 


FILED 


TERMINATED 


T 


Law 


17,505 




20,616 


19,021 




23,185 


-8.0 




-11.1 


Equity- 


36,411 




31,438 


31,570 




32,598 


15.3 




-3.6 


Total Civil Cases 


53,916 




52,054 


50,591 




55,783 


6.6 




-6.7 


Criminal 


24,603 




26,567 


20,546 




18,606 


19.7 




42.8 


Total All Types 


78,519 




78,621 


71,137 




74,389 


10.4 




5.7 



(1) 



July 1 of preceding year through June 30 of stated year, 



Source: Administrative Office of the Courts, Annual Report 1973-1974, p. 65. 



-183- 



NO. 145 

AVERAGE TIME INTERVALS, DISPOSITIONS OF APPEALS, MARYLAND COURT OF 

APPEALS, IN MONTHS: 1962-1973 



COURT 

TERM 



TOTAL 
INTERVAL 



DOCKETED TO 


ARGUMENT TO 


ARGUMENT 


DECISION 


4.8 


1.2 


5.0 


1.0 


4.4 


1.0 


4.6 


0.9 


4.6 


1.1 


6.5 


1.1 


7.8 


1.1 


8.3 


1.1 


7.9 


0.8 


6.1 


1.2 


4.9 


1.2 


4.6 


1.5 



1973 
1972 
1971 
1970 
1969 
1968 
1967 
1966 
1965 
1964 
1963 
1962 



6.0 
6.0 
5.4 
5.5 
5.7 
7.6 
8.9 
9.4 
8.7 
7.3 
6.1 
6.1 



Source: Administrative Office of the Courts, Annual Report 1973-1974 p. 24 



-184- 






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-185- 



NO. 147 

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR MARYLAND, BANKRUPTCY, ADMINISTRATIVE, 
AND CITIZENSHIP MATTERS: JULY 1, 1973 - JUNE 30, 1974 



BANKRUPTCY CASES 

Pending as of 7-1-73 925 

Commenced 659 

Terminated 808 

Pending as of 6-30-74 776 

PASSPORT APPLICATIONS PROCESSED 3,463 

PETITIONS FOR NATURALIZATION (1) 1,989 

ALIENS NATURALIZED 1,933 



(1) 



Excludes petitions transferred from another district. 



Source: Annual Report of the Director of the Administrative Office of the 
United States Courts, 1974. 



NO. 148 

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR MARYLAND, CIVIL AND CRIMINAL CASES: 

JULY 1, 1973 - JUNE 30, 1974 



TOTAL CIVIL CASES (U.S. AND PRIVATE) 

Pending as of 7-1-73 1,343 

Commenced 1,319 

Terminated 1,342 

Pending as of 6-30-74 1,320 

CRIMINAL CASES 

Pending as of 7-1-73 385 

Commenced 708 

Terminated 702 

Pending as of 6-30-74 391 

Pending with fugitive defendants, etc. '-'-J 89 

Includes fugitives and defendants serving in the Armed Forces. Data include 
only cases pending 6 months or more at the end of the fiscal year. 

Source: Annual Report of the Director of the Administrative Office of the 
United States Courts, 1974. 



-186- 



NO. 149 

JURISDICTIONS FROM WHICH COMMITTED PERSONS WERE RECEIVED: 

FISCAL YEAR 1974 



JURISDICTION NUMBER PER CENT OF TOTAL 



Maryland 4,253 100.0 

Allegany 43 1.0 

Anne Arundel 127 3.0 

Baltimore City 2,644 62.2 

Baltimore 265 6.2 

Calvert 31 0.7 

Caroline 23 0.5 

Carroll 50 1.2 

Cecil 34 0.8 

Charles 32 0.8 

Dorchester 52 1.2 

Frederick 42 1.0 

Garrett 11 0.3 

Harford 30 0.7 

Howard 42 1.0 

Kent 27 0.6 

Montgomery 80 1.9 

Prince George's 459 10.8 

Queen Anne's 24 0.6 

St. Mary's 39 0.9 

Somerset 36 0.8 

Talbot 21 0.5 

Washington 34 0.8 

Wicomico 87 2.0 

Worcester 20 0.5 

Source: Maryland Division of Correction, Forty-Sixth Report, Fiscal Year 1974 , p. 44. 



-187- 



NO. 150 



AGE GROUPS OF COMMITTED PERSONS, ALL ADULT INSTITUTIONS 

FISCAL YEAR 1974 



AGE 



NUMBER 



PER CENT OF TOTAL* 



Total 

16 years and younger 

17 years 

18 years 

19 years 

20 years 

21 years 
22-25 years 
26-30 years 
31-35 years 
36-40 years 
41-50 years 
51-60 

61 years and older 



4,253 

41 

111 

252 

331 

385 

348 

1,045 

781 

397 

244 

220 

86 

12 



100.0 
1.0 
2.6 
5.9 
7.8 
9.0 
8.2 
24.6 
18.4 
9.3 
5.7 
5.2 
2.0 
0.3 



Source: Maryland Division of Correction, Forty-Sixth Report, Fiscal Year 1974 , p. 43. 



NO. 151 

LENGTHS OF SENTENCES OF COMMITTED PERSONS, ALL ADULT 
INSTITUTIONS: FISCAL YEAR 1974 



SENTENCE LENGTH 



NUMBER 



PER CENT OF TOTAL 



Total Sentences 

3 months 

4-6 months 

7 months - 1 year 

13-18 months 



19 


months - 


2 years 


25 


months - 


3 years 


37 


months - 


5 years 


61 


months - 


8 years 


97 


months - 


10 years 



121 months - 15 years 

More than 15 years 

Life 

To be executed 

Indefinite 



4,253 

24 

476 

616 

670 

413 

487 

608 

302 

214 

226 

182 

14 



21 



100.0 

0.6 

11.2 

14.5 

15.8 

9.7 

11.4 

14.3 

7.1 

5.0 

5.3 

4.3 

0.3 

0.0 

0.5 



Source: Maryland Division of Correction, Forty-Sixth Report. Fiscal Year 1974 , p. 43. 

-188- 



NO. 152 

DISPOSITION OF JUVENILE COURT CASES, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 

FISCAL YEAR 1975 



REPORTED CASES CUMULATIVE TOTAL 
POLITICAL SUBDIVISION JUNE, 1975 FISCAL YEAR 



Maryland 6,741 57,237 

Allegany 41 588 

Anne Arundel 458 5,296 

Baltimore City 2,552 20,691 

Baltimore 744 6,835 

Calvert 38 434 

Caroline 12 206 

Carroll 37 669 

Cecil 91 471 

Charles 98 990 

Dorchester 16 300 

Frederick 102 800 

Garrett 18 126 

Harford 93 995 

Howard 106 942 

Kent 33 210 

Montgomery 919 5,292 

Prince George's 967 9,320 

Queen Anne's 8 129 

St. Mary's 58 541 

Somerset 9 144 

Talbot 20 253 

Washington 168 842 

Wicomico 36 413 

Worcester 117 750 



Source: State of Maryland, Department of Juvenile Services, Monthly Report, 
June, 1975. 



■189- 



NO. 153 

AVERAGE DAILY POPULATION OF JUVENILE INSTITUTIONS, BY INSTITUTION: 

JUNE 1975 AND JUNE 1974 







AVERAGE 


DAILY 


POPULATION 


PER 


CENT CHANGE 


INSTITUTION 


JUNE, 1975 


JUNE, 1974 


JUNE, 1974 - JUNE, 1975 


Boys' Village 


56 




220 




-74.5 


Maryland Training School 


434 




310 




40.0 


for Boys 












Montrose School for Girls 


348 




210 




65.7 


Forestry Camps 


166 




165 




0.6 


Maryland Children's Center 


93 




111 




-16.2 


T. J. S. Waxter 


33 




44 




-25.0 



TOTALS 



1,130 



1,060 



6.6 



Source: State of Maryland, Department of Juvenile Services, Monthly Report, 
June, 1975. 

NO. 154 

CAPACITY, AVERAGE DAILY POPULATION AND ANNUAL PER CAPITA COSTS OF 
ADULT CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS BY INSTITUTION: 
FISCAL YEAR 1974 



INSTITUTION 



RATED 
CAPACITY 



AVERAGE DAILY 
POPULATION 



ANNUAL PER 
CAPITA COSTS 



Maryland House of Correction 1,052 

Maryland Penitentiary 998 

Maryland Correctional 1,624 

Institution, Hagerstown 

Maryland Correctional 229 

Institution for Women 

Correctional Camps 814 

Central Laundry 112 



1,557 
1,227 
1,861 

166 

899 

183 



$4,584 
5,607 
4,594 

8,791 

3,637 
2,993 



TOTALS 

Average Per Capita Cost 



4,829 



5,893 



$5,003 



Source: Maryland Division of Correction Forty-Sixth Report, Fiscal Year 1974 , 



-190- 



SOCIAL SERVICES 

Programs of the various local departments of social services are subject 
to the supervision, direction, and control of the Maryland Social Services 
Administration, a major agency within the Department of Employment and Social 
Services. 

Generally speaking, the locally administered programs are public assistance, 
financial eligibility for medical assistance, child welfare services, and 
other services related to social planning. Funds for the various programs 
come from federal, State, and local sources, with percentage portions varying 
by the type of program. 

In fiscal 1974 over $232,000,000 was paid out to individuals and families, 
a decrease of 13.8 per cent over the preceding year and a 116.6 per cent 
increase since 1968. Almost 54 per cent of these payments were in the form of 
aid to families with dependent children. 47,279 total cases received financial 
assistance, a decrease of 22.1 per cent over fiscal 1973 and a 29.5 per cent 
increase since 1968. 



-191- 



NO. 155 
PAYMENTS TO INDIVIDUALS AND FAMILIES IN MARYLAND:- FISCAL YEARS 1971-1974 



PER CENT 
CHANGE 
TYPE OF PAYMENT 1974 1973 1972 1971 1973/ 1971/ 

1974 1974 

Total $168,202,159 $175,690,758 $156,286,901 $130,291,512 -4.3 29.1 

Aid to Families 124,922,317 116,527,258 102,621,282 84,395,765 7.2 48.0 
with Dependent 
Children 

Foster Care of 13,076,312 12,528,481 11,850,108 11,865,000 4.4 10.2 
Children 

Aid to the Per- 12,946,974 20,537,284 19,684,007 17,394,803 -37.0 -25.6 
manently and 
Totally Dis- 
abled 

General Public As- 12,339,967 17,111,702 12,949,593 8,782,717 -27.9 40.5 
sistance 

Old Age Assistance 4,056,717 7,890,207 7,524,376 6,602,192 -48.6 -38.6 

General Public As- 594,239 598,919 1,210,970 849,927 -0.8 -30.1 
sistance to Em- 
ployables 

Public Assistance 265,633 496,907 446,565 401,108 -46.5 -33.8 
to Needy Blind 

Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Annual Report for years stated. 



-192- 






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-193- 



NO. 157 

SOCIAL SERVICE CASES (INDIVIDUALS & FAMILIES) 
RECEIVING PAYMENTS: 1971-1974 M 



PERCENT OF CHANGE 
TYPE OF CASE 1974 1973 1972 1971 1973/1974 1970/1974 

Total 119,937 116,058 108,281 93,865 3.3 27.8 

Aid to Families with 63,262 62,455 55,652 46,684 1.3 35.5 
Dependent Children 

Aid to the Permanently 26,432< 2 ) 19,544 18,737 17,757 35.2 48.9 
and Totally Disabled* 

General Public Assistance 10,406 14,369 

Old Age Assistance* 10, 256^2) 9,789 

Foster Care of Children** 8,717 9,145 

Public Assistance to the 454(2) 414 
Needy Blind 

General Public Assistance 410 342 540 978 19.9 -58.1 
to Employables 

individuals, ** children 

'-'-'As of June of the respective years. 

( 2 ^As of December of 1973. 

Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Annual Report for years stated. 



13,841 


9,295 


-27.6 


12.0 


9,834 


8,921 


4.8 


15.0 


9,284 


9,866 


-4.7 


-11.6 


393 


364 


9.7 


24.7 



-194- 



NO. 158 

SOCIAL SERVICES OTHER THAN ASSISTANCE IN PROGRAMS: 
FISCAL YEARS 1974, 1973 



TYPE OF SERVICE 



NUMBER 



1974 



1973 



Foster Care and adoption service 
Children in foster care 
Children in adoption service 

Adoptions completed during year 
Agency homes under supervision 

Homes approved during year 

Class H License home (family homes receiving 
children directly from parents) 

Family day care licensed homes 

Protective Services 

Families 

Children 
Requests from other agencies - Total 

Adoption investigations for the Courts 

All other 
Single Parent Service (individuals) 



13,506 


12,923 


1,399 


1,774 


313 


475 


6,911 


6,212 


1,096 


1,100 


26 


35 



3,662 



3,078 



5,301 


4,186 


12,453 


9,961 


1,833 


2,967 


373 


355 


1,510 


2,612 


3,394 


3,623 



Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources, Annual Report for years stated. 



-195- 



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-196- 



NO. 160 

NUMBER OF APPLICATIONS (1) FOR ASSISTANCE RECEIVED, APPROVED, 
AND NOT APPROVED, NUMBER OF CASES ASSISTED AND DISCONTINUED: 

FISCAL YEAR 1974 



NUMBER OF APPLICATIONS 


PER CENT 

NOT 
APPROVED 

FOR 
PAYMENT 


NUMBER 






NOT 
APPROVED 

FOR 
PAYMENT 


OF CASES 


approved 
for( 2 ) 

program received^) payment 


ASSISTED 
DURING 
YEAR 


DISCONTINUED 

FOR 
ASSISTANCE ( 3 > 


Total 71,461 47,279 
Old Age Assistance 1,812 1,138 
Aid to Families with 37,336 25,491 


21,106 

573 

11,395 


29.5 
31.6 
30.5 


183,625 
11,766 
95,217 


84,505 
11,768 
25,277 



Dependent Children 

Public Assistance to 54 
the Needy Blind 

Aid to the Permanently 3,578 
and Totally Disabled 

General Public As- 28,681 
sistance 



General Public As- 
sistance to 
Employables '^' 



(5) 



33 

2,498 

18,119 

(5) 



16 



654 



8,468 



(5) 



29.6 



493 



(5) 4,604 



493 



18.3 29,359 29,381 



29.5 42,186 13,527 



4,059 



(1) 

(2) 

(3) 
(4) 



Excludes applications from families with children requesting Emergency Assistance 
(EAFC) . 

Excludes cases of money payment status who are transferred from one program to 
another — reapplications by recipients for change in program has been discontinued. 

Includes cases transferred to another program and an estimate of 37,044 OAA, PANB 
and APTD cases transferred to SSI at the end of December, 1973. 

Includes data estimated for Baltimore City due to non-reporting. 



(->' Included with General Public Assistance Applications. 

Source: Maryland Department of Human Resources; Annual Report for 1974 



-197- 



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-198- 



ENERGY 

As the days of cheap and apparently plentiful energy came to a rather 
abrupt end recently, public awareness of the problems rose dramatically. This 
expanded section replaces the "Utilities" section of earlier years. 

Demand for natural gas energy grew by nearly 24 per cent from 1964 to 1974 
in terms of the number of customers. But, in recent years the demand is really 
not shown in the traditional way as moratoria by the utility companies have for- 
bidden new gas hookups. Conservation measures, higher prices, weather, and the 
national recession all combined over the period from 1972 to 1974 to reduce the 
quantity of natural gas consumed. 

Total commercial and industrial electric sales rose nearly 100 per cent 
from 1965 to 1974, but there was a drop from 1973 to 1974. Virtually all of the 
installed generating capacity is privately owned. 

Much of the public interest had been devoted to the motor vehicle gasoline 
situation. Data show an absolute reduction in the gallonage sold in Maryland 
and in the Nation during 1974. The average price for regular grade gasoline 
sold in the Baltimore metropolitan area rose from 40.9 cents in October 1973 to 
61.5 cents in August 1975. Premium gasoline rose from 44.8 to 65.8 cents per 
gallon over the same period. Prices in this area were consistently higher than 
national averages. 

The telephone continues to play an increasingly dominant role in communication. 
More than one and one-half million customers had more than 2.9 million telephones 
in the State. Continued expansion is promised what with the growing usage of the 
telephone for data processing and consumer services. 



-199- 



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-200- 



NO. 163 

GAS UTILITY INDUSTRY, CUSTOMERS AND REVENUES, MARYLAND: 

1970-1974 AND 1964 



YEAR AND 




CUSTOMERS 


(1 


,000) (i) 








REVENUES 


($■ 


,100,000) 


(2) 


PER CENT 






RESI- 




COMMER- 


INDUS- 




RESI- 




COMMER- 


INDUS- 


CHANGE 


TOTAL 


(3) 


DENTIAL 


CIAL 


TRIAL 


TOTAL ( 3) DENTIAL 


CIAL 


TRIAL 


1974 


769 




715 




49 




5 


221 


133 




38 


50 


1973 


760 




706 




48 




6 


206 


122 




29 


52 


1972 


744 




690 




47 




5 


205 


123 




28 


51 


1971 


726 




674 




46 




5 


180 


112 




24 


42 


1970 


713 




662 




45 




5 


164 


105 




22 


35 


1964 


621 




579 




39 




3 


112 


80 




12 


20 


Per Cent 


























Change 


























1973/1974 


1.2 




1.3 




2.1 


-16 


.7 


7.3 


9.0 




31.0 


-3.9 


1964/1974 


23.8 




23.5 




25.6 


66 


.7 


97.3 


66.3 




216.7 


150.0 



*• 'Annual Averages. 

(2) 

Excludes sales for resale. 

^^ Includes "Other" service, not shown separately. 
Source: American Gas Association, Gas Facts. 



-201- 



NO. 164 

NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION, IN THE 
UNITED STATES, SOUTH ATLANTIC REGION, MARYLAND AND 
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA: 1972, 1973, 1974 



1974 



1973 



1972 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1974/1973 1973/1972 



QUANTITY 
(Mil. Cu. Ft.) 
United States 22,110,623 

South Atlantic^ 1 ) 1,450,788 

Maryland and 

District of Columbia 199,331 



22,965,914 23,009,445 
1,549,993 1,533,501 



201,961 



204,922 



-3.7 
-6.4 

-1.3 



-0.2 

1.1 

-1.4 



VALUE 
($1,000) 
United States 18,218,039 

South Atlantic 1,468,347 

Maryland and 

District of Columbia 295,928 



15,280,792 14,277,890 19.2 7.0 
1,345,589 1,237,685 9.1 8.7 



251,366 



250,002 



17.7 



0.5 



(^Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland and D.C., North Carolina, South Carolina, 
Virginia, West Virginia. 

Source: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, Natural Gas, Annual , 1974, 
1973, 1972. 



-202- 



NO. 165 

INSTALLED GENERATING CAPACITY AND PRODUCTION OF ELECTRIC UTILITIES AND 
INSTALLED PLANTS BY CLASS OF OWNERSHIP AND TYPE OF PRIME MOVER, MARYLAND: 

1972 AND 1974 



TYPE OF PRIME MOVER 



CLASS OF OWNERSHIP 
OF ELECTRIC UTILITIES 





TOTAL 


ELECTRIC 


UTILITIES 


INDUSTRIAL 


TOTAL 


PRIVATELY 
OWNED 




ITEM 


FUEL 


HYDRO 


PUBLICLY 
OWNED 


Installed 
Capacity 

(000 KW) 

1974 

1972 


6,977 
6,675 


6,267 
5,965 


494 
494 


216 
216 


6,761 
6,459 


6,694 
6,407 


67 
52 


Per Cent 

Change 
1974/1972 


4.5 


5.1 


0.0 


0.0 


4.7 


4.5 


28.8 


Production 
(000,000 
KWH) 
1974 
1972 


30,087 
28,793 


26,852 
25,068 


1,969 
2,282 


1,266 
1,443 


28,821 
27,350 


28,734 
27,267 


87 
83 


Per Cent 
Change 
1974/1972 


4.5 


7.1 


-13.7 


-12.3 


5.4 


5.4 


4.8 



Source: Federal Power Commission. 



-203- 



NO. 166 

COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL ELECTRIC SALES IN MARYLAND: 

1965-1974 



YEAR 



TOTAL COMMERCIAL 
AND INDUSTRIAL 
SALES (MILLION KWHR) 



COMMERCIAL SALES 
(MILLION KWHR) 



INDUSTRIAL SALES 
(MILLION KWHR) 



1974 


17,399 


1973 


18,041 


1972 


16,598 


1971 


15,803 


1970 


14,551 


1969 


13,061 


1968 


11,856 


1967 


10,824 


1966 


9,852 


1965 


8,724 


Per Cent 




Change 




1974/1973 


-3.6 


1974/1965 


99.4 



6,777 
7,033 
6,424 
5,930 
5,570 
5,107 
4,629 
4,122 
3,714 
3,291 



10,622 
11,008 
10,174 
9,873 
8,981 
7,954 
7,227 
6,702 
6,138 
5,433 



-3.6 
105.9 



-3.5 
95.5 



Source: Edison Electric Institute. 



-204- 



NO. 167 

GROSS GALLONS OF MOTOR GASOLINE SOLD,* MARYLAND AND THE UNITED STATES: 

1972, 1973, 1974 







MARYLAND 




UNITED 


STATES 






PER CENT 






PER CENT 






CHANGE OVER 






CHANGE OVER 






PRECEDING 






PRECEDING 


YEAR 


(1,000) 


YEAR 




(1,000) 


YEAR 


1974 


1,789,440 


-4.5 


101 


,855,749 


-3.7 


1973 


1,873,384 


4.3 


105 


759,344 


4.2 


1972 


1,796,502 


- 


101, 


476,934 


- 



*State taxation reports at the wholesale level are the basis of the data. 

Source: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, MF-33G 
reports. 



-205- 



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-208- 



THE PORT OF BALTIMORE 

The Port of Baltimore ranks as the fourth largest foreign trade port in 
the United States. In 1974, 40,986,601 short tons of cargo valuing over $7.1 
billion were handled, an increase in tonnage of more than eighteen per cent over 
the corresponding figure for 1973. Approximately 69 per cent of this tonnage 
was in import commerce, amounting in value to over $3.6 billion. 

Although the export tonnage represents only 31 per cent of the total 
tonnage, its value is nearly 50 per cent of the total value. This fact is due 
to the more sophisticated nature of the manufactured devices primarily in 
export as opposed to the bulk commodities and raw materials being imported. 

In terms of import tonnage the principal countries of lading on foreign 
commerce are Venezuela, Brazil, Canada, and the Netherlands Antilles, but, 
in value West Germany, Japan, Venezuela, and the United Kingdom lead, in that 
order. Broken into trade areas, Europe has a clear lead in value while in tonnage 
the South American countries are our principal traders. 

The use of containerization is growing markedly, and within the port, 
facilities built for this purpose are being used more readily. The Maryland 
Port Administration is presently constructing additional public container 
facilities at Locust Point to supplement existing container facilities at the 
recently expanded Dundalk Marine Terminal and the Canton facility. In addition, 
private enterprise has already dedicated a major container facility in the 
Baltimore Port. Gantry and giant bridge cranes serve these facilities. The 
response of shippers to the Port's containerization programs has been quite 
impressive and a tribute to the facilities. 



-209- 



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-210- 



NO. 172 

IMPORT TRADE OF THE PORT OF BALTIMORE ARRANGED BY PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES 

AND BY TRADE AREAS: 1974 



COUNTRY OF ORIGIN 




COUNTRY OF ORIGIN 




IN ORDER OF TONNAGE 


SHORT TONS 


IN ORDER OF VALUE 


VALUE 


Venezuela 


8,904,459 


West Germany 


$611,196,175 


Brazil 


4,941,926 


Japan 


415,399,670 


Canada 


3,669,524 


Venezuela 


295,199,727 


Netherlands Antilles 


2,603,162 


United Kingdom 


229,222,786 


West Germany 


1,038,055 


Brazil 


171,066,436 


Liberia 


974,454 


France 


159,056,250 


Trinidad and Tobago 


609,004 


Netherlands Antilles 


148,219,399 


Australia 


605,683 


Belgium 


145,816,683 


Japan 


413,995 


Peru 


134,753,077 


Philippines 


375,237 


Sweden 


128,897,631 


United Kingdom 


366,511 


Italy 


109,645,773 


Angola 


290,753 


Philippines 


107,636,459 


Netherlands 


276,117 


Dominican Republic 


90,228,336 


Peru 


264,034 


Canada 


57,821,574 


Dominican Republic 


198,456 


Taiwan 


53,802,790 


France 


179,145 


Chile 


50,778,366 


Italy 


153,708 


Netherlands 


44,801,557 


Bahamas 


130,119 


Spain 


44,285,874 


Belgium 


126,861 


Australia 


37,745,885 


Republic of South Africa 123,979 


Russia 


34,120,632 


British Guiana 


118,348 


Finland 


32,920,525 


Mexico 


113,232 


Trinidad and Tobago 


31,620,497 


Finland 


93,085 


Republic of South Africa 


28,637,501 


Sweden 


92,045 


Liberia 


27,304,836 


Honduras 


91,363 


Hong Kong 


24,485,412 


Greece 


90,038 


Norway 


24,268,928 


Taiwan 


88,789 


Austria 


23,266,881 


Costa Rica 


88,054 


French Pacific Islands 


22,419,909 


Russia 


86,927 


Portugal 


21,799,377 


Portugal 


59,122 


Yugoslavia 


20,491,081 




IMPORTS 


BY TRADE AREA 






SHORT TONS 




VALUE 


South America 


14,402,805 


Europe 


$1,718,017,918 


North America 


7,586,674 


South America 


692,494,921 


Europe 


2,813,597 


Asia 


690,868,995 


Africa 


1,533,642 


North America 


364,035,739 


Asia 


1,068,356 


Africa 


78,790,806 


Australia and Oceania 


705,286 


Australia and Oceania 


60,888,429 


TOTAL 


28,110,360 


$3,605,096,808 


Source: Maryland Port 


Authority, Foreign Commerce Statistical Rep 


Drt, Port of 


Baltimore and 


Other Maryland 


Ports, 1974. 





-211- 



NO. 173 

EXPORT TRADE OF THE PORT OF BALTIMORE ARRANGED BY PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES 

AND BY TRADE AREAS: 1974 



COUNTRY OF UNLADING 
IN ORDER OF TONNAGE 



SHORT TONS 



COUNTRY OF UNLADING 
IN ORDER OF VALUE 



VALUE 



Japan 

West Germany 

United Kingdom 

Netherlands 

France 

Spain 

China 

Italy 

Brazil 

Belgium 

Turkey 

Portugal 

Venezuela 

Canada 

Iran 

Republic of South Africa 

Bangladesh 

Pakistan 

Israel 

Argentina 

Poland 

Taiwan 

Egypt 

South Viet Nam 

Russia 

Norway 

Greece 

Mexico 

Morocco 

Sweden 



4,180,231 Japan 

961,891 West Germany 

911,652 United Kingdom 

892,119 Netherlands 

878,985 Brazil 

804,977 France 

485,540 Spain 

439,182 Belgium 

316,833 Italy 

300,399 Venezuela 

286,353 Republic of South Africa 

219,115 Iran 

183,080 Russia 

151,559 Turkey 

115,705 Saudi Arabia 

106,069 China 

105,628 Israel 

100,015 Colombia 

91,391 Portugal 

89,899 Sweden 

77,295 Taiwan 

72,646 Peru 

56,824 Australia 

50,330 Switzerland 

48,450 Poland 

49,185 Argentina 

48,147 Kuwait 

43,146 Nigeria 

42,076 Pakistan 

41,301 Singapore 



$295,423,483 

261,320,729 

245,589,810 

244,350,337 

209,901,367 

202,535,588 

176,134,301 

173,116,219 

143,019,038 

133,056,200 

121,289,718 

120,121,128 

76,389,538 

65,072,280 

53,679,990 

49,255,252 

44,547,866 

44,367,695 

40,777,970 

40,445,176 

39,099,127 

37,366,410 

31,582,346 

31,394,465 

31,344,829 

30,749,248 

29,970,943 

28,342,874 

27,720,060 

25,435,390 



EXPORTS BY TRADE AREA 



Europe 6,152,722 

Asia 5,432,393 

South America 712,091 

Africa 295,421 

North America 241,071 

Australia and Ocenia 27,729 
Unidentified Trade Areas 14,814 

Total 12,876,241 



$1,832,537,134 

905,898,238 

497,811,191 

242,170,952 

43,550,918 

32,587,086 

$3,554,555,519 



Source: Maryland Port Authority, Foreign Commerce Statistical Report, Port of 
Baltimore and Other Maryland Ports , 1974. 



^-212- 



NO. 174 

RANKING OF PRINCIPAL UNITED STATES SEAPORTS IN 
FOREIGN WATERBORNE TRADE, IMPORT TONNAGE: 1972 AND 1974 
(Quantities Shown in Tons of 2,000 Pounds) 



PORT 



1974 



1972 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1974/1972 



United States 


468,348,500 


374,909,500 


New York, N.Y. 


61,575,000 


59,603,500 


Philadelphia, Pa. 


43,453,500 


31,055,500 


Baltimore, Md. 


28,110,360 


20,999,309 


Portland, Me. 


22,351,000 


25,466,500 


Baton Rouge, La. 


22,129,500 


9,238,500 


Houston, Texas 


18,763,000 


5,632,500 


Paulsboro, N.J. 


13,202,000 


12,157,500 


New Orleans, La. 


12,690,000 


7,558,000 


Long Beach, Cal. 


11,942,500 


7,649,500 


Corpus Christi, Texas 


11,053,000 


4,973,500 


Mobile, Ala. 


10,978,000 


6,692,500 


Los Angeles, Cal. 


10,398,500 


7,991,000 


Marcus Hook, Pa. 


9,439,000 


8,464,000 


Norfolk, Va. 


8,913,000 


8,207,000 


Boston, Mass. 


8,398,000 


7,893,000 



24.9 

3.3 

39.9 

33.9 

-12.2 

139.5 

233.1 

8.6 

67.9 

56.1 

122.2 

64.0 

30.1 

11.5 

8.6 

6.4 



NO. 175 

RANKING OF PRINCIPAL UNITED STATES SEAPORTS IN 

FOREIGN WATERBORNE TRADE, IMPORT VALUE: 1974 AND 1972 

(In Millions of Dollars) 



PORT 



1974 



1972 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1974/1972 



United States 

New York, N.Y. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Los Angeles, Cal. 
Baltimore, Md. 
Long Beach, Cal. 
Houston, Tex. 
New Orleans, La. 
Seattle, Wash. 
Norfolk, Va. 
Baton Rouge, La. 
Boston, Mass. 
Oakland, Cal. 
Paulsboro, N.J. 
Jacksonville, Fla. 
Savannah, Ga. 

Source: 



$68,697.0 

16,794.0 

3,919.0 

3,897.0 

3,605.0 

3,427.0 

3,046.0 

3,044.0 

2,430.0 

1,833.0 

1,564.0 

1,311.0 

1,289.0 

963.0 

962.0 

955.0 



$35,003.0 

10,359.0 

1,441.0 

2,215.0 

1,940.0 

1,424.0 

1,194.0 

1,416.0 

1,621,0 

922.0 

305.0 

716.0 

499.0 

245.0 

620.0 

413.0 



96.3 

62.1 
172.0 

75.9 

85.8 
140.7 
155.1 
115.0 

49.9 

84.8 
412.8 

83.1 
158.3 
293.1 

55.2 
131.2 



Maryland Port Administration, Foreign Commerce Statistical Report, Port of 
Baltimore and Other Maryland Ports , 1973, 1974. 

-213- 



NO. 176 

RANKING OF PRINCIPAL UNITED STATES SEAPORTS IN 
FOREIGN WATERBORNE TRADE, EXPORT TONNAGE: 1972 AND 1974 
(Quantities Shown in Tons of 2,000 Pounds) 






PORT 



1974 



1972 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1974/1972 






United States 

Norfolk, Va. 
New Orleans, La. 
Houston, Texas 
Destrehan, La. 
Tampa, Fla. 
Baltimore, Md. 
Newport News, Va. 
New York, N.Y. 
Baton Rouge, La. 
Portland, Ore. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Long Beach, Cal. 
Corpus Christi, Texas 
Galveston, Texas 
Mobile, Ala. 



266,531,150 

33,318,500 

20,677,000 

15,921,500 

14,264,500 

12,889,500 

12,876,241 

10,572,500 

7,912,500 

7,662,500 

6,852,500 

6,269,000 

6,117,500 

4,600,500 

4,073,500 

3,966,500 



231,401,500 

29,005,500 

17,291,000 

13,756,000 

8,841,000 

13,046,500 

8,176,337 

6,687,000 

5,624,500 

7,677,000 

3,999,500 

3,546,000 

4,763,000 

3,141,000 

2,278,500 

3,060,500 



15.2 

14.9 
19.6 
15.7 
61.3 
-1.2 
57.5 
58.1 

40.7 
-0.2 
71.3 
76.8 
28.4 
46.5 
78.8 
29.6 



NO. 177 
RANKING OF PRINCIPAL UNITED STATES SEAPORTS IN 
FOREIGN WATERBORNE TRADE, EXPORT VALUE: 1972 AND 1974 
(In Millions of Dollars) 



PORT 



1974 



1972 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1974/1972 



United States 

New York, N.Y. 
New Orleans, La. 
Houston, Texas 
Norfolk, Va. 
Baltimore, Md. 
Destrehan, La. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Los Angeles, Cal. 
Oakland, Cal. 
Long Beach, Cal. 
Portland, Ore. 
San Francisco, Cal. 
Baton Rouge, La. 
Galveston, Texas 
Newport Ness, Va. 



$56,583.0 

10,741.0 
5,146.0 
4,810.0 
3,739.0 
3,554.6 
2,203.0 
1,692.0 
1,354.0 
1,231.0 
1,187.0 
1,141.0 
1,139.0 
1,138.0 
1,077.0 
924.0 



$25,948.0 

5,996.0 

2,074.0 

2,086.0 

1,688.0 

1,431.0 

660.0 

645.0 

588.0 

482.0 

372.0 

317.0 

531.0 

564.0 

288.0 

383.0 



118.1 

79.1 
148.1 
130.6 
121.5 
148.4 
233.8 
162.3 
130.3 
155.4 

219,1 
259.9 
114.5 
101.8 
274.0 
141.3 



Source: Maryland Port Administration, Foreign Commerce Statistical Report, Port of 
Baltimore and Other Maryland Ports, 1973, 1974. 



-214- 



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-216- 



NO. 180 

WATERBORNE COMMERCE OF THE PRINCIPAL WATERWAYS IN MARYLAND, 
IN SHORT TONS: 1964 AND 1973 



PER CENT 


CHANGE 


1964/1973 


13. 


2 


11 


5 


60 


6 


3 


8 


107 


,8 


79 


,2 


54 


8 


123 


8 



WATERWAY 1973 1964 

Total Principal Waterways 56,468,805 49,890,325 

Baltimore Harbor and Channels 53,786,715 48,220,024 

Total Other Principal Waterways 2,682,090 1,670,301 

Chester River, Maryland 68,243 65,731 

Tred Avon River, Maryland 161,284 47,619 

Chop tank River, Maryland 367,421 205,030 

Cambridge Harbor, Maryland 148,954 96,254 

Nanticoke River, Delaware 795,165 355,332 

and Maryland 

Wicomico River, Maryland 843,888 680,670 24.0 

(Eastern Shore) 

Crisfield Harbor, Maryland 8,838 35,412 -75.0 

Pocomoke River, Maryland 244,770 48,996 399.8 

Chincoteague Bay, Maryland 1,339 8,167 -83.6 

and Virginia 

On the Coast of Virginia, 42,188 97,090 -56.6 

from Chesapeake Bay to 

Chincoteague Bay, Virginia 

Source: U.S. Department of the Army, Corps of Engineers, Waterborne Commerce of the 

United States: Part I, Waterways and Harbors, Atlantic Coast , 1973 and 1964. 



-217- 



NO. 181 

WATERBORNE COMMERCE OF THE BALTIMORE HARBOR AND CHANNELS, (1) 

IN SHORT TONS: 1964-1973 



YEAR 



TONNAGE 



PASSENGERS 



1973 
1972 
1971 
1970 
1969 
1968 
1967 
1966 
1965 
1964 



53,786,715 
45,798,776 
44,002,785 
51,084,394 
43,917,369 
42,459,113 
40,737,903 
43,876,778 
44,267,160 
48,220,024 



182,579 
128,410 

98,347 
175,753 
203,365 
201,210 
178,974 
166,123 
128,324 

93,392 



(■*■' Section included is the mouth of the Patapsco River to Baltimore, Maryland. 

Source: U.S. Department of the Army, Corps of Engineers, Waterborne Commerce of the 
United States: Part I, Waterways and Harbors, Atlantic Coast , 1973. 



-218- 



AIR TRAVEL 

Baltimore-Washington International Airport serves as the major commercial 
air facility in the State. This operation is owned by the State of Maryland, and 
it is operated by the Maryland Department of Transportation. 

During 1974, nearly 2.8 million passengers were handled on more than 220,000 
air traffic operations. Freight traffic totalled almost 82 million pounds, and 
significant volumes of express and mail were loaded and unloaded at the facility. 
While the data indicate a decline from comparable data for 1970, they indicate 
a picture closely akin to the one of 1972, especially insofar as passengers are 
concerned. 

Worthy of mention are the facts that an expansion program is currently 
underway for both passenger and freight operations at the facility. Also, plans 
are underway as of this writing for the construction of a train station along the 
Amtrak mainline just one and one-half miles from BWI, with the station to be 
used for boarding and disembarking passengers to and from Baltimore, Washington, 
and other points in the corridor. 

In addition to BWI, a listing of airports and heliports in Maryland shows 
39 other facilities, spread out among 23 of the State's 24 political subdivisions. 
Scheduled operations serve several of these locations. 



-219- 



NO. 182 

BALTIMORE-WASHINGTON INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT OPERATIONS: 1970 AND 1974 



TYPE OF OPERATION 







PER CENT CHANGE 


1974 


1970 


1974/1974 


2,797,839 


3,019,581 


-7.3 


1,406,371 


1,495,933 


-6.0 


1,354,284 


1,490,412 


-9.1 


37,184 


33,236 


11.9 


33,725,380 


41,076,950 


-17.9 


15,105,203 


16,666,417 


-9.4 


18,620,177 


24,410,533 


-23.7 


4,274,347 


6,610,103 


-35.3 


2,482,782 


3,484,199 


-28.7 


1,791,565 


3,125,904 


-42.7 


81,952,831 


92,729,972 


-11.6 


48,236,454 


50,960,790 


-5.3 


33,716,377 


41,769,182 


-19.3 


219,897 


230,343 


-4.5 


207,609 


219,461 


-5.4 


104,009 


123,686 


-15.9 


100,924 


93,601 


7.8 


2,676 


2,174 


23.1 


12,288 


10,882 


12.9 


1,820 


1,800 


1.1 


10,468 


9,082 


15.3 



Total Passengers 
Deplaning 
Enplaning 
Chartered 

Total Mail (Pounds) 
Deplaning 
Enplaning 

Total Express (Pounds) 
Deplaning 
Enplaning 

Total Freight (Pounds) 
Deplaning 
Enplaning 

Total Air Traffic Operations 
Itinerant ^ 1 ^ 

Commercial Carrier 

Civil 

Armed Forces 
Local^ 2 ) 

Armed Forces 

Civil^ 3 ) 



^'With origin or destination beyond the local tower. 

^ ■'Remaining under control of the local tower. 

' ■'Includes airline personnel familiarization operations. 

Source: Maryland Department of Transportation, State Aviation Administration. 



-220- 



NO. 183 

COMMERCIAL AIRPORTS AND HELIPORTS IN THE STATE OF MARYLAND, 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1974 



Allegany 

Cumberland 
Mexico Farms 

Anne Arundel 

Deep Creek 

Baltimore-Washington International 

Lee (Annapolis) 

Suburban 

Baltimore City 

Pier 4, Pratt St. (Heliport) 

Baltimore 

Baltimore Airpark 
Essex 

Calvert 

Chesapeake Ranch 
Caroline 

Rideely-Pelican 

Carroll 

Clearview 
Westminster 

Cecil 

Cecil County 

Charles 

Aqualand /Clifton 
Maryland 

Dorchester 

Cambridge 

Frederick 

Frederick 
Garrett 

Garrett County 



Harford 

Aldino-Churchville 

Conowingo 

Fallston 

Kent 

Gill 
Russell 

Montgomery 

Davis 

Montgomery County 

Prince George's 

College Park 

Freeway 

Hyde Field 

Prince George's Airpark, Inc. 

Queen Anne's 

Bay Bridge 
Kentmorr 

St. Mary's 

Park Hall 

St. Mary's County Airport 

Somerset 

Crisf ield 
Talbot 

Easton 
Washington 

Hagerstown 
Wicomico 

Salisbury-Wicomico County 
Worcester 

Ocean City 



Source: Maryland Department of Transportation, State Aviation Administration, 
Maryland Airport Directory , 1974. 

-221- 



MOTOR VEHICLES 

Motor vehicles play a major role in the Maryland economy. In addition to 
traffic volume and highway utilization rates, the manufacture, distribution, 
maintenance, and commercial use of motor vehicles in the State represent a 
major economic force. 

There were 2,320,774 motor vehicles registered in our State during the 
1975 registration year. Some 2,358,860 persons held licenses to operate vehicles 
as of January 1, 1975. 

There are 24,933 miles of highway in the State, half of which is in the 
metropolitan Baltimore and the metropolitan Washington areas. Interstate 
highways comprise more than 329 miles of these totals. Traffic recorders located 
at 39 points in the State for 1974 reflect the decrease in travel resulting 
from the gasoline crisis. The total of all toll facilities showed a decrease of 
4.4 per cent from 1973; traffic on J.F. Kennedy Highway (1-95) in 1974 was 9 per 
cent lower than the total for the previous year. 

Motor vehicle user taxes, license, fines, and costs amounted to over 
$315,074,000 in fiscal 1974, up $2,785,000 from the fiscal 1973 figure. The 
1974 amount represents 12.6 per cent of the total State revenue for the fiscal 
year. 



-222- 



NO. 184 

MOTOR VEHICLE-RELATED EMPLOYMENT IN MARYLAND AND 
THE UNITED STATES 



TOTAL 



STATE , TRUCK 

MOTOR PETROL- AUTOMOTIVE COUNTY DRIVERS 

VEHICLES EUM SALES & & LOCAL & OTHER 

MFRS. REFINING SERVICING ROADS EMPLOYEES 
1972 1972 1967 1973 1972 



PASSENGER 
TRANSPOR- 
TATION 
1972 



U.S. 

MARYLAND 

PER CENT OF 
TOTAL U.S. 
POPULATION 



14,745,816 1,327,300 100,600 3,052,310 846,657 9,050,300 368,649 

194,790 11,132 * 46,541 9,312 122,200 5,605 

* 0.8 * 1.5 1.1 1.4 1.5 



*Withheld to avoid disclosure. 

Source: 1975 Automobile Facts and Figures , Compiled by Motor Vehicle Manufacturer's 

Association of the United States, Inc., from U.S. Bureau of Census and American 
Trucking Association data. 



NO. 185 

NEW MOTOR VEHICLE REGISTRATION AND NUMBER OF LICENSED 
DRIVERS IN MARYLAND: FISCAL YEARS 
1974 AND 1975 



TYPE 



JULY 1974 
JUNE 1975 



JULY 1973 
JUNE 1974 



Passenger Cars 162,182 
Commercial 33,444 


194,386 
39,380 


Total 195,626 


233,766 


Number of Licensed Drivers 2,358,860 
(as of January 1st, 1975, 
1974) 


2,291,014 


Source: Maryland State Motor Vehicle Administration. 




-223- 





NO. 186 

MOTOR VEHICLE REGISTRATION IN MARYLAND, BY TYPE AND POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION: 1974 AND 1975 







1975<D 






1974(2) 




POLITICAL 














SUBDIVISION 


TOTAL 


PLEASURE 


COMMERCIAL 


TOTAL 


PLEASURE 


COMMERCIAL 


Maryland 


2,320,774 


1,838,507 


482,267 


2,185,624 


1,749,403 


436,221 


Allegany 


47,862 


35,321 


12,541 


45,898 


34,578 


11,320 


Anne Arundel 


203,261 


157,702 


45,559 


187,826 


147,525 


40,301 


Baltimore City 


305,885 


253,522 


52,363 


319,283 


265,143 


54,140 


Baltimore 


401,030 


332,733 


68,297 


363,748 


304,009 


59,739 


Calvert 


16,386 


11,183 


5,203 


14,432 


10,007 


4,425 


Caroline 


16,255 


9,059 


7,196 


15,071 


8,585 


6,486 


Carroll 


55,265 


37,839 


17,426 


50,774 


35,377 


15,397 


Cecil 


32,809 


22,638 


10,171 


30,531 


21,411 


9,120 


Charles 


35,672 


25,002 


10,670 


32,643 


23,277 


9,366 


Dorchester 


19,370 


12,829 


6,541 


18,224 


12,253 


5,971 


Frederick 


61,946 


43,963 


17,983 


56,522 


40,851 


15,671 


Garrett 


14,065 


8,644 


5,421 


12,918 


8,043 


4,875 


Harford 


78,418 


59,689 


18,729 


71,673 


55,266 


16,407 


Howard 


64,690 


49,733 


14,957 


55,772 


44,083 


11,689 


Kent 


11,579 


7,525 


4,054 


10,744 


7,156 


3,588 


Montgomery 


364,955, 


316,037 


48,918 


344,759 


299,890 


44,869 


Prince George's 


394,176 


320,181 


73,995 


373,082 


305,371 


67,711 


Queen Anne' s 


14,215 


9,016 


5,199 


12,869 


8,335 


4,534 


St. Mary's 


27,345 


18,820 


8,525 


24,063 


16,910 


7,153 


Somerset 


11,079 


7,344 


3,735 


10,212 


6,951 


3,261 


Talbot 


18,244 


12,255 


5,989 


16,917 


11,613 


5,304 


Washington 


66,769 


48,370 


18,399 


62,529 


46,047 


16,482 


Wicomico 


40,426 


26,892 


13,534 


37,639 


35,519 


12,120 


Worcester 


19,072 


12,210 


6,862 


17,495 


11,203 


6,292 



(^For the period February 18, 1975 through June 30, 1975. 
( 2 ^For the period February 19, 1974 through June 30, 1974. 

Source: State of Maryland, Department of Transportation, Motor Vehicle Administration, 
Segregation of Classifications by Political Subdivision , for years stated. 



-224- 



NO. 187 
AVERAGE DAILY VEHICLE MILES, STATE MAINTAINED ROADS: 1974 AND 1972 



SUBDIVISION 



1974 



1972 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1974/1972 



Maryland 

Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore 
Calvert 
Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 
Howard 
Kent 
Montgomery 

Prince George's 
Queen Anne's 
Somerset 
St. Mary's 
Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 



44,348,322* 

1,130,947 

4,354,277 

7,323,324 

334,748 

311,027 

847,586 
824,254 

1,069,626 
394,183 

1,934,611 

430,413 
1,366,819 
1,980,886 

274,018 
6,364,024 

7,702,009 
659,871 
357,309 
532,074 
585,053 

1,683,371 
785,022 
658,132 



39,585,743 

836,770 

4,130,755 

6,558,354 

305,515 

304,511 

784,364 

817,220 

741,196 

361,379 

1,726,170 

393,059 
1,272,269 
1,652,960 

236,095 
5,734,975 

6,821,286 
568,510 
335,782 
511,696 
528,710 

1,549,739 

668,117 
604,128 



5.9 

35.2 
5.4 

11.7 
9.6 
2.1 

8.1 
0.9 

44.3 
9.1 

12.1 

9.5 

7.4 

19.8 

16.1 

11.0 

12.9 

16.1 

6.4 

4.0 

10.7 

8.6 

17.5 

8.9 



*Includes toll facilities. 

Source: State Highway Administration of Maryland, Bureau of Highway Statistics, 
Allocation of Maintenance Funds Report , 1972, 1974. 



-225- 



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-226- 













NO. 189 




















HIGHWAY MILEAGES 


BETWEEN SELECTED LOCATIONS 


IN MARYLAND 
































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59 


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72 


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140 


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53 


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87 


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32 


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44 


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51 




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264 


112 


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83 


103 


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117 


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115 




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139 


195 


220 


337 


60 


213 


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176 


150 


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170 


140 


223 


214 


287 




191 


93 


68 


49 


284 


217 


255 


205 


138 


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77 


51 


87 


36 


139 


191 




98 


123 


240 


136 


173 


107 


136 


89 


Frederick 


78 


47 


131 


122 


195 


93 


98 




25 


142 


192 


124 


163 


112 


45 


Hagerstown 


103 


72 


156 


147 


220 


68 


123 


25 




117 


217 


149 


188 


137 


70 


Oakland 


220 


189 


273 


264 


337 


49 


240 


142 


117 




334 


266 


305 


254 


187 


Ocean City 


114 


133 


61 


112 


60 


284 


136 


192 


217 


334 




210 


29 


173 


147 


Point Lookout 


96 


122 


149 


140 


213 


217 


173 


124 


149 


266 


210 




181 


81 


79 


Salisbury 


85 


104 


32 


83 


32 


255 


107 


163 


188 


305 


29 


181 




140 


118 


Solomon' s 


59 


85 


112 


103 


176 


205 


136 


112 


137 


254 


173 


81 


140 




67 


Washington, D. 


C. 33 


38 


86 


77 


150 


138 


89 


45 


70 


187 


147 


79 


118 


67 




Source: State 


Highway Administration, Officia 


1 State Highway Map. 













-227- 



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-228- 



AGRICULTURE 

Maryland, like most other states of the United States, and especially the 

"megalopolitan" states, has been undergoing a shift from rural agricultural 
living and employment to urban manufacturing and service employment. 

Accordingly, the land devoted to farming and the number of farms has 
been steadily declining. In the period from 1968 to 1975, the land in farms 
has declined from 3,200,000 acres to 2,940,000 acres while the number of farms 
in the State has declined from 19,700 to 17,600. A natural corollary here has 
been the decline in farm workers to an annual average of 31,000 in 1972, 
including family and hired workers. 

The largest sources of farm income are livestock and livestock products, 
which, in 1974, accounted for 59.2 per cent of the value of all agricultural 
commodities in Maryland. The dominance of this category is due primarily to 
dairy products and poultry. Cattle and calves, eggs, and hogs are important, 
but they represent substantially smaller elements. In the same year field 
crops accounted for approximately 32 per cent of the receipts for all commodities, 
led by corn, soy beans, and tobacco. At the same time vegetables and melons, 
as well as greenhouse and nursery products were important sources of farm income 
in the State. 

Prices received by farmers have improved quite substantially in the period 
from 1969 to 1974. Using a base period of 1947-1956 to equal 100, the index 
number for all commodities rose from 103 in 1969 to 157.0 in 1974. Likewise the 
all crops index rose over the same time period from 109.0 to 193.0 while an 
index based on livestock and livestock products went from 100.0 to 174.0. 



-229- 



NO. 191 



CASH RECEIPTS FROM FARMING, MARYLAND: 1972, 1973, 1974 



COMMODITY 



1974(2) 1973(1) 1972(1) PER CENT OF ALL COMMODITIES 
($1,000) ($1,000) ($1,000) 1974 1973 1972 



253,137 194,034 132,304 40. 6< 2 ) 33.4 



31.4 



ALL CROPS 

Corn 

Soybeans 

Tobacco 

Wheat 

Apples 

Tomatoes 

Barley 

Snap Beans 

Cucumbers 

Hay 

Sweet Corn 

Peaches 

Sweet Potatoes 

Watermelons 

Potatoes 

Green Peas 

Asparagus 

Mushrooms 

Spinach 

Lima Beans 

Cantaloups 

Strawberries 

Other Vegetables (3) 

Other Field Crops ( 4 ) 
Other Fruits (5) 

Total Field Crops(6) 

Total Vegetables and Melons (7) 

Total Fruit(8) 

Forest Products '*) 

Greenhouse and Nursery 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 368,782 380,601 279,314 59.2 65.6 66.3 

Broilers 

Dairy Products 

Cattle and Calves 

Hogs 

Eggs 

Farm Chickens 

Sheep and Lambs 

Turkeys 



85,844 


59,980 


34,153 


13.8 


10.3 


8.1 


54,830 


43,621 


18,825 


8.8 


7.5 


4.5 


28,556 


20,076 


23,018 


4.6 


3.5 


5.5 


16,571 


8,553 


4,583 


2.7 


1.5 


1.1 


5,642 


5,685 


4,517 


0.9 


1.0 


1.1 


5,441 


4,131 


3,659 


0.9 


0.7 


0.9 


3,718 


2,715 


1,482 


0.6 


0.5 


0.4 


3,357 


2,780 


2,805 


0.5 


0.5 


0.7 


3,287 


2,826 


2,410 


0.5 


0.5 


0.6 


2,879 


2,448 


2,673 


0.5 


0.5 


0.6 


2,813 


1,904 


1,639 


0.5 


0.3 


0.4 


2,170 


1,796 


1,773 


0.3 


0.3 


0.4 


1,964 


1,954 


1,418 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


1,790 


1,322 


1,202 


0.3 


0.2 


0.3 


1,466 


2,196 


1,147 


0.3 


0.4 


0.3 


1,453 


974 


928 


0.2 


0.2 


0.2 


1,441 


1,205 


1,337 


0.2 


0.2 


0.3 


890 


1,041 


1,078 


0.1 


0.2 


0.3 


765 


796 


426 


0.1 


0.1 


0.1 


634 


573 


212 


0.1 


0.1 


- 


601 


455 


382 


- 


- 


- 


477 


508 


525 


0.1 


0.1 


0.1 


3,290 


3,383 


2,785 


0.5 


0.6 


0.7 


1,395 


1,211 


721 


0.2 


0.2 


0.2 


376 


355 


251 


- 


- 


- 


98,163 


143,795 


89,098 


31.8 


24.8 


21.2 


24,872 


20,349 


17,785 


4.0 


3.5 


4.2 


8,665 


8,344 


7,066 


1.4 


1.4 


1.7 


5,363 


5,472 


4,378 


0.0 


0.9 


1.0 


16,074 


16,074 


13,977 


2.6 


2.8 


3.3 



166,583 


179,848 


109,729 


26.8 


31.0 


26.1 


130,816 


113,927 


104,898 


21.0 


19.6 


24.9 


29,265 


43,915 


33,890 


4.7 


7.6 


0.0 


19,189 


20,271 


14,325 


3.1 


3.5 


3.4 


18,746 


18,139 


12,650 


3.0 


3.1 


3.0 


616 


1,136 


782 


0.1 


0.2 


0.2 


292 


303 


287 


- 


0.1 


0.1 


196 


279 


240 


- 


0.1 


0.1 



(continued on following page) 



-230- 



NO. 191 

CASH RECEIPTS FROM FARMING, MARYLAND: 1972, 1973, 1974 (Cont'd.) 



1974(2) 1973C 1 ) 1972C 1 ) PER CENT OF ALL COMMODITIES 
COMMODITY ($1,000) ($1,000) ($1,000) 1974 1973 1972 

Honey 
Wool 
Other (10) 

All Commodities 
Government Payments 
Total Receipts 

1) Revised. 

^) Preliminary. 

3") 
'Beets, broccoli, cabbage, kale, peppers and others. 

^'Rye, oats, lespedeza seed, red clover seed and miscellaneous crops. 
'Miscellaneous fruits, berries and nuts. 
Includes potatoes, sweet potatoes and mushrooms. 



54 


84 


50 


- 


- 


- 


2,839 


2,450 


2,295 


0.5 


0.4 


0.5 


621,919 


574,635 


411,618 


99.8 


99.0 


97.7 


1,023 


5,763 


9,572 


0.2 


1.0 


2.3 


622,942 


580,398 


421,190 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 



^Excludes potatoes and sweet potatoes. 
°) Includes strawberries. 



9) 



Includes maple sugar and syrup. 



'Miscellaneous livestock and poultry, and livestock and poultry products, beeswax 
and horses and mules. 

Source: Maryland Department of Agriculture, Crop Reporting Service, August 1975. 



-231- 



NO. 192 

SELECTED COMMODITIES INDICES, PRICES RECEIVED BY FARMERS, MARYLAND: 
1969-1974(1) (1947-1956 = 100) 



YEAR 



ALL COMMODITIES 



ALL CROPS 



LIVESTOCK AND 
LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 



1974(2) 

1973 
1972 
1971 
1970 
1969 



157 
149 
115 
106 
105 
103 



193 
167 
128 
118 
113 
109 



174 
140 
109 
100 
101 
100 



( 'Annual Average based on unrounded monthly indices. 

(^) Preliminary. 

Source: Maryland Department of Agriculture, Division of Marketing, Publication No. 19, 
Maryland Agricultural Statistics , June 1975, p. 56. 

NO. 193 

NUMBER OF FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS, MARYLAND: 1968-1975 W 



YEAR 



NUMBER OF FARMS 



LAND IN FARMS (1,000 ACRES) 



1975 

1974 

1973(2) 

1972 

1971 

1970 

1969 

1968 



17,600 
17,800 
18,000 
18,200 
18,500 
18,800 
19,200 
19,700 



2,940 
2,955 
2,970 
3,010 
3,050 
3,080 
3,130 
3,200 



(-^Official estimate of Maryland-Delaware Crop Reporting Service. 

' ^ ) Pr eliminary . 

Source: Maryland Department of Agriculture, Division of Marketing, Maryland Agricultural 



Statistics, Publication No. 19, June 1975, p. 60 

NO. 194 
WORKERS ON FARMS IN MARYLAND: 197 2-1974 (^ 



TYPE 



1974 



1973 



1972 



Family Workers 
Hired Workers 

Total 



24,000 
10,000 

34,000 



24,000 
8,000 

32,000 



24,000 
7,000 

31,000 



(-"-'Annual Average of Persons employed during the last full calendar week ending at least one 

day before the end of the month. 
Source: Maryland Department of Agriculture, Division of Marketing, Maryland Agricultural 
Statistics , Publication No. 19, June 1975. 

-232- 



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-235- 



HOUSING AND CONSTRUCTION 

Traditionally, home ownership has been a goal for most Marylanders. 
Virtually 59 per cent of the housing units in the State were owner occupied 
at the time of taking of the most recent Census of Housing. The variations 
in percentages of owner occupancy ranged from 71.8 per cent in Howard County 
to 42.2 per cent in Baltimore City. 

Overall, the quality of housing is rather good when one looks at the 
generally cited characteristics. Again, there is considerable variance among 
the political subdivisions. 

The total construction contract values ratio of Maryland to the Nation 
stood at 2.2 in 1974. Speaking in absolute dollars, nearly $2.1 billion of 
construction contract awards were made in the State during that year. Almost 
$600 million of the value was for residential construction contracts while more 
than $705.2 million represented awards for non-residential buildings. Non-building 
construction accounted for the remaining $753.7 million. 

There were 23,073 new building permits issued in Maryland for residential 
dwelling units of all types. In terms both of these numbers and of the values 
mentioned above, it was this sector of construction that was the hardest hit by 
the recent national recession. 

Although Maryland is not a major mobile home market, there is a small but 
steady demand for this type of housing. From 1960 through 1974, 30,048 new mobile 
homes were shipped into the State. 



-236- 



NO. 197 

SELECTED CHARACTERISTICS OF HOUSING IN MARYLAND, BY POLITICAL 

SUBDIVISION: 1970 





QUALITY OF 


DENSITY OF 


HOME 


RECENTLY 




HOUSING 


OCCUPANCY 


OWNERSHIP 


BUILT 




1970 


1970 


1970 


HOUSING 




PERCENTAGE 


PERCENTAGE 








LACKING 


WITH MORE 




PERCENTAGE 




SOME OR ALL 


THAN 1.00 


PERCENTAGE 


BUILT 




PLUMBING 


PERSONS 


OWNER 


1960- 


SUBDIVISION 


FACILITIES 


PER ROOM 


OCCUPIED 


1970 


Allegany 


8.2 


4.5 


63.7 


15.6 


Anne Arundel 


4.2 


6.7 


66.5 


38.0 


Baltimore City 


1.8 


8.3 


42.2 


10.2 


Baltimore 


2.1 


4.5 


68.2 


30.2 


Calvert 


22.0 


12.5 


60.5 


33.0 


Caroline 


19.5 


6.3 


63.8 


17.5 


Carroll 


8.6 


5.7 


68.3 


28.0 


Cecil 


10.0 


8.8 


62.7 


21.0 


Charles 


16.7 


12.8 


65.9 


41.2 


Dorchester 


20.4 


6.5 


57.6 


17.1 


Frederick 


11.8 


6.1 


62.4 


22.9 


Garrett 


21.7 


8.6 


62.3 


25.4 


Harford 


5.7 


7.2 


62.9 


40.0 


Howard 


6.7 


5.2 


71.8 


53.7 


Kent 


20.4 


5.6 


59.5 


22.5 


Montgomery 


1.1 


3.2 


59.7 


43.7 


Prince George's 


1.7 


6.1 


48.2 


52.6 


Queen Anne's 


22.5 


6.9 


62.5 


24.4 


St. Mary's 


11.8 


11.9 


51.0 


33.0 


Somerset 


34.2 


8.3 


65.5 


16.1 


Talbot 


13.6 


5.6 


59.0 


18.8 


Washington 


11.0 


5.6 


58.6 


20.5 


Wicomico 


11.8 


6.0 


63.8 


24,3 


Worcester 


22.1 


8.0 


58.4 


17.5 



Note: All data concern year round homes. 

Sources: U.S. Census of Population and Housing, Final Report , HC1-A22, Table 29, 
U.S. Census of Population and Housing, Final Report , HC1-B22, Table 62. 



-237- 



NO. 198 

VALUE OF CONSTRUCTION CONTRACT C 1 ) AWARDS, UNITED STATES 
AND MARYLAND: 1972-1974 AND 1964 



JURISDICTION 



1974 1973 1972 1964 

($1,000,000) ($1,000,000) ($1,000,000) ($1,000,000) 



United States ( 2 ) 

Maryland 

Maryland As Per Cent of 
United States 



92,544 


99,450 


91,225 


47,299 


2,058 


2,078 


1,752 


1,132 


2.2 


2.1 


1.9 


2.4 



*- 'Represents the sum of the value of residential building contracts, non-residential 
building contracts, and non-building construction contracts. 



'^' Excludes Alaska and Hawaii, 



Source: McGraw Hill Information Systems Company, Dodge Construction Potentials , 
Region II Bulletin , Various December issues. (Maryland data). 
U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Survey of Current Business , July 1975, 
December 1973, December 1966. (United States data). 



NO. 199 

NEW BUILDING PERMITS FOR PRIVATE AND PUBLIC RESIDENTIAL DWELLING UNITS 
AUTHORIZED IN MARYLAND: 1967-1974 



YEAR 



PRIVATE AND PUBLIC RESIDENTIAL 
DWELLING UNITS 



PER CENT CHANGE 
OVER PREVIOUS YEAR 



1974 
1973 
1972 
1971 
1970 

1969 
1968 

1967 



23,073 
48,307 
54,566 
44,659 
35,138 
33,489 
32,528 
31,789 



-52.2 

-11.5 

22.2 

27.1 

4.9 

3.0 

2.3 



Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Construction Review, May 1975, December 1972 
issues. 



-238- 



NO. 200 

ANNUAL VALUE OF NON-RESIDENTIAL AND RESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION CONTRACTS 

AWARDED IN MARYLAND: 1965-1974 



YEAR 


TOTAL NON- 
RESIDENTIAL & 
RESIDENTIAL 
VALUATION 


PER CENT 
CHANGE OVER 
PREVIOUS 
YEAR 


NON-RESI- 
DENTIAL 
VALUATION 


PER CENT 
CHANGE OVER 
PREVIOUS 
YEAR 


PER CENT 
CHANGE OVER 
RESIDENTIAL PREVIOUS 
VALUATION YEAR 


1974 


$1,304,270,000 


-21 


$705,213,000 


8 


$ 599,057,000 


-40 


1973 


1,656,250,000 


14 


655,362,000 


20 


1,000,888,000 


11 


1972 


1,446,568,000 


19 


546,685,000 


12 


899,883,000 


22 


1971 


1,218,795,000 


20 


486,364,000 


-14 


732,431,000 


62 


1970 


1,016,238,000 


-6 


567,895,000 


3 


448,343,000 


-15 


1969 


1,078,421,000 


23 


553,977,000 


31 


524,444,000 


15 


1968 


878,845,000 


3 


421,966,000 


3 


456,879,000 


3 


1967 


855,268,000 


-13 


409,513,000 


2 


445,755,000 


-23 


1966 


981,904,000 


-11 


402,804,000 


-5 


579,100,000 


-15 


1965 


1,107,959,000 


1 


425,603,000 


18 


682,356,000 


9 


Source 


s: McGraw Hill 
II Bulletin, 


Information Systems Company, Dodge Construction Potentials, 
December issues of various years. 


Region 



-239- 



NO. 201 
MOBILE HOME SHIPMENTS INTO MARYLAND: 1960-1974 



YEAR NUMBER INDEX (1967=100) CUMULATIVE 



1974 2,282 108.7 30,048 

1973 3,014 143.5 27,766 

1972 2,788 132.8 24,752 

1971 2,425 115.5 21,964 

1970 2,979 141.9 19,539 

1969 1,900 90.5 16,560 

1968 2,280 108.6 14.660 

1967 2,100 100.0 12,380 

1966 2,090 99.5 10,280 

1965 1,810 86.2 8,190 

1964 2,000 95.2 6,380 

1963 1,350 64.3 4,380 

1962 1,170 55.7 3,030 

1961 820 39.0 1,860 

1960 1,040 49.5 



Source: Mobile Home Manufacturers Association. 



-240- 



REAL ESTATE 

The total assessed value of real property in Maryland in 1974 stood at 
$18,062,714,000, representing an increase of 23 per cent over the corresponding 
aggregate assessment in 1972. The greater valuation occurs in Montgomery, 
Prince George's and Baltimore Counties, and in Baltimore City, in that descending 
rank. 

Strides have been made among the local jurisdictions to achieve uniformity 
in assessment level ratios, and all assessors in the State are now employees of 
the Maryland Department of Assessments and Taxation. The Statewide average in 
1974 was 44.6 per cent, a ratio apparently lower than those shown in earlier 
years. But, this reduction in level is due to the change in the inflation 
factor used in the determination of assessments. 

The federal government owns and leases substantial acreage and buildings 
in the State. The size of the federal operation is due, at least in part, to the 
proximity of Maryland to the District of Columbia. 

As of June 30, 1974, the federal government owned more than 191,000 acres 
of land and nearly 12,000 buildings on Maryland land. And, as of June 30, 1973, 
nearly 2,850 acres and more than 1,020 buildings were leased to the federal 
establishment. Increases in both ownership and leasehold interests have occurred 
substantially in recent years. 



-241- 



NO. 202 

NUMBER OF REAL PROPERTIES AND REAL PROPERTY ASSESSED 
VALUES, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1974 



POLITICAL NUMBER OF ASSESSED VALUE 
SUBDIVISION PROPERTIES REAL PROPERTY ($1,000) 

Maryland 1,279,783 18,062,714 

Allegany 35,327 234,708 

Anne Arundel 115,670 1,330,509 

Baltimore City 219,292 2,123,562 

Baltimore 183,753 3,022,867 

Calvert 17,824 113,712 

Caroline 9,889 55,862 

Carroll 26,028 329,183 

Cecil 20,984 180,037 

Charles 19,149 220,737 

Dorchester 16,584 90,043 

Frederick 37,286 446,921 

Garrett 14,569 68,628 

Harford 42,311 535,936 

Howard 34,670 626,085 

Kent 9,648 74,846 

Montgomery 160,768 4,082,089 

Prince George's 162,914 3,193,252 

Queen Anne's 15,205 101,769 

St. Mary's 18,295 157,247 

Somerset 12,474 51,906 

Talbot 11,895 149,740 

Washington 35,869 365,903 

Wicomico 30,166 235,698 

Worcester 29,213 271,474 

Totals may not add due to rounding. 

Source: State of Maryland, State Department of Assessments and Taxation, Thirty-First 
Biennial Report . 



-242- 



NO. 203 

REAL PROPERTY ASSESSMENT LEVEL RATIOS, BY POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION: 1969, 1973, 1974 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 1974( 1 ) 1973 1969 



Maryland Average 44.6 53.3 51.8 

Allegany 43.6 52.4 54.0 

Anne Arundel 43.8 51.3 47.3 

Baltimore City 42.8 55.0 53.3 

Baltimore 46.2 52.7 48.8 

Calvert 44.2 52.6 47.5 

Caroline 41.9 50.7 47.5 

Carroll 43.2 52.5 48.7 

Cecil 43.8 51.2 48.4 

Charles 42.1 51.3 48.8 

Dorchester 42.7 50.4 48.4 

Frederick 44.2 53.6 50.8 

Garrett 39.2 46.7 40.5 



Harford 45.1 52.1 50.9 

Howard 45.0 53.1 52.2 

Kent 41.3 49.2 47.2 

Montgomery 44.5 53.7 50.4 

Prince George's 45.2 54.2 50.8 

Queen Anne's 41.3 50.0 48.2 

St. Mary's 43.9 51.9 43.9 

Somerset 44.0 52.8 49.3 

Talbot 43.3 51.0 47.9 

Washington 45.0 53.5 51.4 

Wicomico 44.8 53.0 50.8 

Worcester 42.7 51.5 47.9 

Ratios adjusted to reflect a change in State policy of a basic 60 per cent level 
used for other years. 

Source: State of Maryland, State Department of Assessments and Taxation, Thirty- 
First Biennial Report , pp. 13-14, and for other year reported. 



43.6 


52.4 


43.8 


51.3 


42.8 


55.0 


46.2 


52.7 


44.2 


52.6 


41.9 


50.7 


43.2 


52.5 


43.8 


51.2 


42.1 


51.3 


42.7 


50.4 


44.2 


53.6 


39.2 


46.7 


45.1 


52.1 


45.0 


53.1 


41.3 


49.2 


44.5 


53.7 


45.2 


54.2 


41.3 


50.0 


43.9 


51.9 


44.0 


52.8 


43.3 


51.0 


45.0 


53.5 


44.8 


53.0 


42.7 


51.5 



-243- 



NO. 204 

REAL PROPERTY LEASED^ 1 ) TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IN MARYLAND: 

1970 AND 1973 



ITEM 1973 1970 



Real Property Leased 

No. of leases 1,108 914 

Land (Acres) 2,839.6 6,991.5 

No. of locations 1,023 801 

Floor Area (Square Feet) 10,086,165 6,908,863 

Annual Rental $34,985,062 $23,612,283 



NO. 205 
FEDERALLY OWNED REAL PROPERTY CO IN MARYLAND: 1970 AND 1974 

ITEM 1974 1970 



Federally Owned Real Property 

Total Cost ($1,000) $2,145,458 $1,194,446 

No. of installations 322 321 

Land (Acres) 191,222 194,753 

No. of buildings 11,947 12,084 



(1) 



As of June 30 of stated years, 



Source: General Services Administration, Inventory Report of Real Property Leased 

to the United States throughout the World , June 30, 1973. 

Inventory Report on Real Property Owned by the United States throughout 
the World, June 30, 1974. 



-244- 



FEDERAL OUTLAYS IN MARYLAND 

While Maryland ranks forty-second among the states in area and seventeenth 
in population, it ranks fourteenth in total federal funds received. 

Of the nearly $6.8 billion in 1972 outlays in Maryland, more than $1.5 billion 
were in Baltimore City and Montgomery County, while Prince George's County 
received over one billion dollars and Baltimore County some $786 million. 

From the myriad of federal programs, outlays in the retirement and dis- 
ability programs were nearly $1.5 billion, defense outlays were over $2.0 billion 
and it is thus seen that these many federal programs constitute a major impact on 
the Maryland economy. 



-245- 



NO. 206 
RELATIVE POSITION OF THE STATE: 1974 



1974 



1972 



14th in Total Federal Funds 

17th in Population 

26th in Number of Poor 

42nd in Area 

Rank in Terms of Funds Received from the Federal Agencies 



the Department of Commerce 

the National Aeronautics and Space Administration 

the General Services Administration 

the Department of State 

the Environmental Protection Agency 

the Atomic Energy Commission 

the Department of Defense 

the Department of Health, Education and Welfare 

the Department of Transportation 

the Veterans Administration 

the Department of Justice 

the Department of Housing and Urban Development 

the Department of Labor 

the Treasury Department 

the Department of Interior 

the Department of Agriculture 



2nd 


for 


3rd 


for 


5th 


for 


6th 


for 


8th 


for 


9th 


for 


11th 


for 


11th 


for 


15th 


for 


17th 


for 


19th 


for 


20th 


for 


22nd 


for 


24th 


for 


28th 


for 


31st 


for 



14th 
18th 
27 th 
42nd 



1st 
3rd 
13th 
7 th 
15th 
13 th 
11th 
11th 
20th 
25th 
18th 
20th 
22nd 
28th 
24th 
36th 



Source: Office of Economic Opportunity, Federal Information Exchange System, 
Federal Outlays in Maryland , December 1974. 



-246- 



NO. 207 



FUNCTIONAL SUMMARY OF FEDERAL OUTLAYS, MARYLAND: 
(In Thousands of Dollars) 



1974 



FUNCTION 



OUTLAY 



Total 

Department of Defense - Military 

Retirement and Disability 

Development of Health Resources 

Providing or Financial Medical Services 

Public Assistance 

Space Research and Technology 

Advancement of Business 

Postal Service 

Ground Transportation 

Atomic Energy 

General Revenue Sharing 

Income Security for Veterans 

General Property and Records Management 

Pollution Control and Abatement 

Interest on the Public Dept. 

Research and other Agricultural Services 

Elementary and Secondary Education 

Health 

Veterans Education, Training, and Rehabilitation 

Hospital and Medical Care for Veterans 

Water Transportation 

Prevention and Control of Health Problems 

Unemployment Insurance 

Manpower Training and Employment Services 

Central Fiscal Operations 

Higher Education 

Law Enforcement and Justice 

Area and Regional Development 

Other Educational Aids 

Recreational Resources 

Economic and Financial Assistance 

Low and Moderate Income Housing Aids 

Vocational Education 

Community Planning, Management, and Development 

Farm Income Stabilization 

Central Personnel Management 

Conduct of Foreign Affairs 

Education Revenue Sharing 

Agricultural Land and Water Resources 

Mineral Resources 

Air Transportation 

Water Resources and Power 



6,773 


,664 


2,045 


,194 


1,466 


,113 


464 


,466 


307 


,787 


294 


,578 


268 


,873 


249 


,379 


188 


,238 


154 


,906 


144 


,178 


120 


,769 


118 


,924 


105 


,820 


104 


,424 


87 


,498 


74 


,673 


60 


,267 


53 


,815 


52 


,789 


40 


,670 


39 


,125 


35 


,892 


29 


,599 


29 


,361 


24 


,043 


23 


,793 


23 


,658 


19 


,775 


18 


,215 


13 


,785 


13 


,102 


12 


,298 


10 


,238 


10 


,079 


9. 


279 


7. 


637 


6 


059 


5. 


918 


5. 


761 


4. 


934 


4. 


960 


3 3 


585 



(continued on following page) 



-247- 



NO. 207 

FUNCTIONAL SUMMARY OF FEDERAL OUTLAYS, MARYLAND: 1974 (Cont'd.) 

(In Thousands of Dollars) 



FUNCTION OUTLAY 



Interest on Refunds of Receipts $3,343 

Other Veterans Benefits and Services 2,813 

Foreign Information and Exchange Activities 2,441 

Other Manpower Aids 2,330 

Other Natural Resources Programs 2,283 

Land Management 1,761 

Defense Related Activities 1,731 

Rural Housing Public Facilities 1,041 

Regulation of business 717 

Other General Government 550 

Maintenance of the Housing Mortgage Market 135 

Food for Peace 49 

Executive Direction and Management 8 

Veterans Housing 6 

Source: Office of Economic Opportunity, Federal Information Exchange System, 
Federal Outlays in Maryland , December 1974. 



-248- 



NO. 208 
FEDERAL OUTLAYS IN MARYLAND, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISON: 1974 



1974 



Maryland Total $6,773,664 

Baltimore City 1,556,901 

Montgomery 1,543,319 

Prince George's 1,047,916 

Baltimore 786,323 

Anne Arundel 552,218 

Harford 250,193 

Howard 175,163 

St. Mary's 126,921 

Washington 108,819 

Frederick 97,753 

Cecil 80,451 

Allegany 75,273 

Charles 70,743 

Garrett 49,754 

Carroll 47,645 

Wicomico 46,630 

Dorchester 28,496 

Talbot 23,889 

Worcester 21,180 

Somerset 17,979 

Caroline 17,737 

Queen Anne's 17,411 

Calvert 15,360 

Kent 14,589 

Figures may not add to total due to rounding. 

Source: Office of Economic Opportunity, Federal Information Exchange System, Federal 
Outlays in Maryland , December 1974. 



-249- 



no: 209 

POLITICAL SUBDIVISION SUMMARY OF 



AGENCY 



ALLEGANY ANNE ARUNDEL 



BALTIMORE CITY 



Political Subdivision Total 

Department of Agriculture 
Department of Commerce 
Department of Defense 
Department of Health, Education 

and Welfare 
Department of Housing and Urban 

Development 
Department of the Interior 
Department of Justice 
Department of Labor 
Department of State 
Department of Transportation 
Treasury Department 
ACTION 
Agency for International 

Development 
American Battle Monuments 

Commission 
Atomic Energy Commission 
Civil Service Commission 
Environmental Protection Agency 
Equal Employment Opportunity 

Commission 
Farm Credit Administration 
Federal Communications Commission 
Federal Home Loan Bank Board 
Federal Mediation and 

Conciliation Service 
General Service Administration 
Interstate Commerce Commission 
National Aeronautics and 

Space Administration 
National Foundation on Arts 

and Humanities 
National Labor Relations Board 
National Science Foundation 
Office of Economic Opportunity 
Postal Service 
Railroad Retirement Board 
Selective Service System 
Small Business Administration 
Tennessee Valley Authority 
U.S. Information Agency 
Veterans Administration 
Water Resources Council 



75,273 


$552,218 


$1 


,556,901 


1,651 


4,096 




48,231 


60 


682 




3,054 


3,232 


320,554 




349,847 


42,116 


79,783 




552,870 



1,534 



16,385 



116 


562 


2,656 


1 


21 


4,371 


803 


3,087 


25,798 


- 


117 


1,788 


1,626 


13,089 


131,823 


4,538 


53,067 


71,497 


- 


166 


429 


939 


147 


3,257 



- 


85 


1,091 


6,584 


27,833 


71,899 


126 


5,972 


46,308 


- 


125 


542 


— 


- 


91 


- 


- 


117 


- 


- 


73 


160 


9,888 


42,799 


- 


- 


65 


83 


4,807 


1,693 


- 


72 


1,854 


- 


- 


960 


- 


- 


4,572 


58 


212 


2,684 


3,655 


10,168 


89,729 


5,393 


2,085 


22,811 


26 


12 


359 


219 


177 


3,904 


- 


2 


635 


- 


31 


671 


3,886. 


13,793 


52,032 


- 


50 


- 



-250- 



FEDERAL OUTLAYS BY AGENCY: 
(IN THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS) 



1974 



BALTIMORE 


CALVERT 


CAROLINE 


CARROLL 


CECIL 


$786,323 


$15,360 


$17,737 


$47,645 


$80,451 


1,560 


776 


1,507 


1,390 


1,395 


2,082 


15 


- 


— 


78 


51,168 


912 


355 


1,285 


29,878 


558,022 


8,496 


10,252 


24,570 


15,260 



1,189 
12,974 

7,857 
128 

3,022 
26,329 

6,734 



7 


100 


29 


46 


120 


610 


- 


1 


- 


798 


404 


1,383 


917 


886 


3,109 



14 

296 

2 

931 

2,551 



2,131 


- 


- 


- 


49,222 


1,568 


1,568 


5,330 


2,359 


258 


210 


871 



4,076 
81 



4 


,758 


10 


,167 




33 




557 




71 


5 


,469 


1 


,256 




108 




81 




13 




48 


38 


,985 



99 



2,953 



728 
169 



671 



1,031 
116 

352 



737 



-251- 



2,638 
756 



1 
2,714 



23 
1,685 



1,979 
912 



21,290 



(continued on following page) 



NO. 209 
POLITICAL SUBDIVISION SUMMARY OF 



AGENCY 



CHARLES 


DORCHESTER 


FREDERICK 


70,743 

1,986 

3 

44,043 

13,257 


$28,496 

1,239 

3,947 
14,003 


$97,753 

2,426 

19 

34,147 

30,312 



Political Subdivision Total 

Department of Agriculture 
Department of Commerce 
Department of Defense 
Department of Health, Education 

and Welfare 
Department of Housing and Urban 

Development 
Department of the Interior 
Department of Justice 
Department of Labor 
Department of State 
Department of Transportation 
Treasury Department 
ACTION 
Agency for International 

Development 
American Battle Monuments 

Commission 
Atomic Energy Commission 
Civil Service Commission 
Environmental Protection Agency 
Equal Employment Opportunity 

Commission 
Farm Credit Administration 
Federal Communications Commission 
Federal Home Loan Bank Board 
Federal Mediation and 

Conciliation Service 
General Service Administration 
Interstate Commerce Commission 
National Aeronautics Space 

Administration 
National Foundation on Arts 

and Humanities 
National Labor Relations Board 
National Science Foundation 
Office of Economic Opportunity 
Postal Service 
Railroad Retirement Board 
Selective Service System 
Small Business Administration 
Tennessee Valley Authority 
U.S. Information Agency 
Veterans Administration 
Water Resources Council 



191 


233 


426 


12 


- 


3 


383 


362 


637 


18 


1 


- 


325 


226 


3,064 


,115 


1,403 


4,822 


192 


- 


16 


- 


1 


6 



3,762 

243 



2,195 
1,923 



27 



27 



6,584 
4,874 



11 



287 
42 



- 




- 


21 


74 




156 


29 


2,295 


1 


,443 


3,820 


99 




91 


2,515 


17 




- 


62 


- 




- 


302 


- 




1 


- 


2 




- 


2 


1,718 


1 


,219 


3,327 



-252- 



FEDERAL OUTLAYS BY AGENCY: 1974 (Cont'd.) 
(IN THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS) 



GARRETT 


HARFORD 


HOWARD 


KENT 


MONTGOMERY 


$49,754 

2,345 

17,586 
10,667 


$250,193 

1,770 

9 

190,312 

25,406 


$175,163 

852 

261 

88,292 

13,338 


$14,589 

1,360 

801 
8,116 


$1,543,319 

4,171 
134,827 
387,072 
594,690 



114 



403 



24 


721 


1 


,524 


158 


4,021 


- 


6 




24 


- 


2,019 


342 


667 




422 


91 


4,108 


- 


68 




2 


28 


3,745 


3,983 


6,491 




939 


205 


18,344 


1,108 


4,108 


2 


,522 


860 


18,996 


- 


- 




- 


- 


413 


- 


2 




20 


- 


363 



- 


- 


33 


- 


138,477 


1,568 


9,092 


5,016 


1,254 


123,921 


37 


9 


1,782 


141 


8,381 



18 



1 


1,578 




60 


3 


20,225 


- 


- 


53 


,680 


- 


29,012 


5 


40 




244 


- 


80 


_ 


_ 




77 


- 


1,125 


76 


- 




128 


- 


347 


852 


4,356 


2 


,707 


948 


19,801 


394 


736 




286 


81 


1,838 


- 


- 




- 


- 


94 


- 


49 




46 


- 


631 


- 


- 




- 


- 


35 


- 


- 




39 


- 


1,067 


767 


4,772 


2 


,755 


543 


25,094 


"" 


"^ 




— 


"■ 


™" 



-253- 



(continued on following page) 



NO. 209 
POLITICAL SUBDIVISION SUMMARY OF 



AGENCY 



PRINCE GEORGE'S QUEEN ANNE'S ST. MARY'S 



Political Subdivision Total 

Department of Agriculture 

Department of Commerce 

Department of Defense 

Department of Health, Education 
and Welfare 

Department of Housing and Urban 
Development 

Department of the Interior 

Department of Justice 

Department of Labor 

Department of State 

Department of Transportation 

Treasury Department 

ACTION 

Agency for International 
Development 

American Battle Monuments 
Commission 

Atomic Energy Commission 

Civil Service Commission 

Environmental Protection Agency 

Equal Employment Opportunity 
Commission 

Farm Credit Administration 

Federal Communications Commission 

Federal Home Loan Bank Board 

Federal Mediation and 
Conciliation Service 

General Service Administration 

Interstate Commerce Commission 
National Aeronautics and Space 

Administration 
National Foundation on Arts 

and Humanities 
National Labor Relations Board 
National Science Foundation 
Office of Economic Opportunity 
Postal Service 
Railroad Retirement Board 
Selective Service System 
Small Business Administration 
Tennessee Valley Authority 
U.S. Information Agency 
Veterans Administration 
Water Resources Council 



$1,047,916 


$17,411 


$126,921 


88,375 


3,232 


1,925 


105,636 


18 


167 


374,362 


3,037 


102,930 


99,186 


6,855 


12,105 



460 



7,097 


71 


42 


350 


- 


2 


6,043 


44 


209 


379 


- 


- 


6,296 


36 


198 


25,718 


778 


1,656 


158 


1 


2 


108 


— 


_ 



2,360 


- 


- 


56,746 


1,254 


3,762 


28,669 


127 


615 



560 



17,219 


- 


- 


167,617 


- 


- 


96 


- 


145 


4,154 


— 


- 


39 


101 


- 


22,961 


921 


1,883 


2,611 


136 


73 


72 


23 


- 


533 


118 


- 


5 


- 


- 


357 


- 


- 


29,745 


660 


1,209 



Note: Figures may not add to total due to rounding. 

-254- 



FEDERAL OUTLAYS BY AGENCY: 1974 (Cont'd.) 
(IN THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS) 



SOMERSET 


TALBOT 


WASHINGTON 


WICOMICO 


WORCESTER 


$17,979 


$23,889 


$108,819 


$47,630 


$21,180 


1,497 


1,232 


1,744 


1,664 


1,247 


600 


571 


5 


1,123 




364 


3,777 


33,510 


3,584 


160 


10,398 


11,635 


37,293 


24,057 


10,963 



38 


78 


1,200 


129 


- 


7 


27 


4 


362 


170 


1,286 


344 


- 


2 


5 


- 


155 


170 


558 


3,225 


,008 


1,147 


4,368 


2,970 


3 


- 


22 


- 


- 


- 


92 


30 



1,687 

169 

1,038 

1,035 

1 



1,568 



1,881 



8,151 
323 



4,076 
558 



1,881 
557 



425 
6 



8,061 



93 

4 



1 
70 
15 



- 


- 


79 


110 


,086 


1,663 


3,875 


2,899 


168 


151 


3,773 


417 


- 


- 


- 


27 


18 


- 


- 


- 


- 


7 


8 


- 


697 


969 


4,438 


2,316 



1,333 

172 



853 



Source: Office of Economic Opportunity, Federal Information Exchange System, 

Fe deral Outlays in Maryland , December 1974. 

-255- 



NO. 210 

FEDERAL EXPENDITURES FOR SELECTED 
FUNCTIONAL CATEGORIES IN THE APPALACHIAN 
PORTION OF MARYLAND, FISCAL YEAR: 1974 



APPALACHIA PORTION 
FUNCTIONAL GROUPINGS OF MARYLAND 



Population 212,300 

Child Development 

Total $ 814,671 

Per Capita 3.84 

Health 

Total 1,529,830 

Per Capita 7.21 

Housing 

Total 60,000 

Per Capita .28 

Education 

Total 876,101 

Per Capita 4.13 

Supplemental Grants 

Total 3,742,485 

Per Capita 17.63 

Local Development Districts and Research 

Total 153,289 

Per Capita -72 



Source: 1974 Annual Report of the Appalachian Regional Commission . 



-256- 



ELECTIONS 

Maryland is often referred to as a barometer of national voting patterns. In 
1972, the voters of the State cast their ballots for President, giving Richard 
Nixon 61.3 per cent of the popular vote, while nationally the Republican candidate 
polled 60.7 per cent of the popular vote. In fact since 1932, Maryland has voted 
against the winning presidential nominee only twice, and these were extremely close 
ballots. 

There were nearly 1,738,000 registered voters in Maryland for the 1974 
general election. 69.8 per cent of these registrants were listed as Democtrats, 
25.7 per cent as Republicans, 4.4 per cent declined to give a party preference, 
and .1 per cent listed themselves as members of the American Party. 

Marvin Mandel was reelected Governor of Maryland in 1974 as he polled 63.5 
per cent of the popular vote, carrying 18 of the 24 political subdivisions of the 
State. At the same time the rather independent pattern of voting in Maryland 
asserted itself as Senator Charles McC. Mathias, Jr., a Republican, was re- 
elected to the United States Senate, carrying a popular vote of 57.3 per cent and 
22 of the 24 political subdivisions. 

Comptroller Louis L. Goldstein and Attorney General Francis B. Burch, both 
Democrats, were reelected as part of the Democratic Party ticket in 1974, and the 
Maryland Legislature is presently composed of 165 Democrats and 23 Republicans. 

The Congressional delegation of Maryland is composed of two Republican Senators, 
five Democratic and three Republican members of the House of Representatives. 



-257- 



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RECREATION AREAS 

The use of recreational land in Maryland is rather substantial. More 
than five per cent of the land area of the State is classified as recreation 
or open space land. As might be expected, there is considerable variation 
among the political subdivisions, with Garrett (18.6 per cent) and Allegany 
(16.1 per cent) Counties having the greater figures. 

It was estimated, using data from the 1970 Census of Population and Housing, 
that 1.8 per cent of the State's housing stock is comprised of recreation homes. 
Worcester County has the highest proportion in the State, followed by Calvert 
and Garrett Counties. Once again the variety of our natural resources is high- 
lighted by this geographical dispersion of recreational activities from the 
ocean to the mountains. 



-265- 



NO. 215 
RECREATION HOMES, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS: 1970 



POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



PER CENT OF RECREATION HOMES 
(ESTIMATED) 



Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Baltimore City 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 

Queen Anne ' s 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

MARYLAND 



1.00 
4.23 
0.70 
0.51 

17.49 
2.02 
0.36 
8.96 
3.08 
3.62 
1.66 

14.76 
0.46 
0.80 
7.57 
0.33 
0.21 
6.87 
5.88 
4.76 
3.88 
1.52 
1.33 

36.45 

1.81 



Note: The number of recreation homes is estimated as the sum of the enumerated 

seasonally vacant and migratory housing units and 30 per cent of year-round 
"other vacant" housing units. Thirty per cent is the percentage for the 
state that year-round housing units held for occasional use are as a 
proportion of all year-round other vacant housing units. The other portion 
of this total of vacant year-round housing consists of housing open for rental 
occupancy or for sale. 

Source: U.S. Census of Population and Housing. 



-266- 



NO. 216 

OPEN SPACE LAND AND SELECTED 
RECREATION FACILITIES: 1972 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 



PER CENT 
OUTDOOR 
RECREATION 
AREA^ 1 ) 



CAMPING FACILITIES IN 
FORESTS AND PARKS 



NATIONAL 


STATE 


PRIVATE 





4 


1 








1 








1 























1 


2 























1 


3 











1 


2 


4 





5 


7 








2 





1 


1 








2 





1 





1 





1 

















1 








1 














5 


7 








3 


1 


3 


6 



Allegany 

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Baltimore City 

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Caroline 

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Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

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Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 



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4.0 

11.8 
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1.0 
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2.7 
2.1 
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5.5 

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6.3 
3.5 
2.1 
3.7 
3.9 
0.1 
0.5 

10.7 
0.1 
3.0 
1.4 
7.4 



MARYLAND 



5.2 



21 



43 



^-"-■'Land classified as recreation or open space land as proportion of all land (does 
not include water areas). 

Source: American Automobile Association, Camping and Trailering . 

Rand McNally Company, Campground and Trailer Park Guide , 1971 
National Park Service. 



-267- 






STATISTICAL APPENDIX 



NOTES TO STATISTICAL APPENDIX 

This Appendix to the 1975 Maryland Statistical Abstract is divided into two 
parts. First is a table of selected demographic characteristics for Maryland, 
and it is hoped that this table will be useful to the reader who wants to glean 
a profile of our State. 

Following this table is a series of tables which we anticipate to be of 
great utility to many users. Historical time series of many important economic 
indicators are shown by month, both unadjusted, and, then adjusted for seasonal 
variations. Many requests for such data are received, and it is hoped that 
this ready reference will format the material as that maximum benefit may be 
derived. 



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NOTES 



NOTES 



NOTES 



Maryland Department of 

Economic and Community Development 

2525 Riva Road, Annapolis, Maryland 21401 

Marvin Mandel, Governor • Joseph G. Anastasi, Secretary 

Price $7.50 






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